In early 1997, Albania's transition to democracy suffered a serious setback when pyramid schemes sparked violent unrest, plunging the country into its worst political and economic crisis since the downfall of communism. The uprisings and subsequent elections, in which the Socialist Party won a landslide victory, have made front-page news in the international community. And Albania's proximity to the Yugoslavian melee and history of extreme radical communism make it a nation to watch.In Albania in Transition, Elez Biberaj provides a comprehensive political profile of Albania since 1989. He charts Albania's transition from one party to many, from a command economy to a market economy, and its transition to a national security state in an unpredictable, post?Cold War international security regime.
Table of Contents
List of Tables, Acknowledgments, Foreword, Robin Alison Remington, Introduction, Albania in Geographical and Historical Context, Physical and Human Geography, Historical Influences, Communist Rule, Albania in the 1980s: Still the “Odd Man Out,” Notes, The Demise of Communism, Embassy Crisis, The End of the One-Party System, The Rise of Opposition Parties, Legacies of Communism, Notes, The Transition Begins: Communists Cling to Power, The APL’s Two Steps Back: Too Little, Too Late, Conservative Communists’ Last Stand, The 1991 Elections: The Communists’ Pyrrhic Victory, Notes, The Road to Democratic Victory, The Coalition Government, The 1992 Elections: The Democratic Victory, The Transfer of Power, Notes, The Democratic Party in Power (1992-1996), A Daunting Agenda, Political Tribulations, Designing a New Constitutional Order, The Constitutional Conundrum, Notes, Economic and Social Transformation (1992-1996), Macroeconomic Stabilization, Economic Performance, Social Developments, Towards a Civil Society, Notes, Foreign Policy and the National Question Security Concerns and Military Reforms, Relations With the United States, Relations With Western Europe and Other Regions, Relations With Western Europe and Other Regions, The Albanian National Question, Notes, The Party System and the 1996 Elections, Volatile Party System, The 1996 Elections, Political Fallout, Notes, Albania in Turmoil, Post -1996 Election Developments, The Politics of Democratic Breakdown, The 1997 Elections: Albania’s Second Chance, Notes, Conclusion, Selected Bibliography, Index