This book examines the social, economic, political, and cultural concerns surrounding the development of rural Alaska. The authors explore the controversy over rural development from a variety of perspectives—some supporting economic development and its implications for rural communities, others arguing for alternative approaches. They raise the issues of external control over local development and the effects of the boom-and-bust cycle often associated with rural change. Part 1 surveys the economic development of Alaska's resources, providing an historical overview of its fur, timber, and fishing industries and examining the current importance of oil, gas, minerals, and agricultural products. The section concludes with a discussion of the unique patterns of trade between Alaska and Asia. The second part turns to the organizations that have been, and are presently, the major vehicles for development—the village and regional corporations that grew out of the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act of 1971 and the non-profit organizations responsible for social services and education. The authors also discuss the increasingly important role of governmental institutions. The final section considers the conflict between the goal of economic development and traditional Native values of subsistence and cultural preservation. The authors ask whether the development of Alaska's rural regions must take place at the expense of the traditional lifestyle and cultural distinctiveness of Native society.
Table of Contents
Westview Replica Editions -- Foreword -- Introduction -- Development and Resources in Rural Alaska -- The Nature of Rural Economic Development in Alaska -- The Coincidence of Rural Development and Major Resource Development -- The Role of Agriculture in Alaska’s Rural Development -- The Future of Mining in Alaska -- Prospects for Trade Expansion in East Asia -- Development Organizations -- Contemporary Rural Alaska and the Role of the Village Corporations -- Rural Alaska’s Developing Economic Institutions: The Entrance of Native Corporations into International Trade -- The Role of Regional Native Corporations in Alaska’s Rural Development -- Non-Profit Organizations in Rural Alaska Development: The Role of RurAl CAP -- Government-Assisted Development in Rural Alaska: Borough and Regional Quasi-Governments -- Changing Values in the Rural Development Process -- The Human Resources Approach to Native Rural Development: A Special Case -- The Native Claims Settlement Act and Self-Determination Values in Alaska’s Development Process -- Subsistence in Alaska: A Look at the Issue over Time -- Reconsidering Rural Development Strategies -- Alternative Perspectives on Alaska’s Rural Development -- Conclusion