What was ’Eastern European’ about the historical development of Eastern Europe? How is the region to be defined? And, specifically, where was Hungary to be situated in relation to it? These are the questions underlying the studies in this volume. In the first part, Professor Gunst sets out to analyse some of the characteristics of the economic and social history of Eastern Europe. He then focuses on Hungary and argues that the course of its agrarian development, in particular, has since the Middle Ages been primarily shaped by the influence and military challenge from the West. The most important factor in this, however, was the mass immigration of German peasants, which had a far-reaching impact on village and community systems, and patterns of taxation and crop rotation.
Table of Contents
Contents: Some characteristics of east European economic and social development: data and reflections; Agrarian systems of Central and Eastern Europe; Einige Probleme der wirtschaftlichen und sozialen Entwicklung Ost-Europas; Dilemma of the Eastern European agrarian development at the end of the 19th century; Aspekte kommunaler Ordnung in mittelalterlichen Ungarn (bis 1848); Der ungarische Bauernaufstand von 1514; Europa - Ost-Elbien - Ungarn. Besonderheiten der ungarischen Agrarentwicklung im 16.-18. Jahrhundert; Hungarian towns in the 18th and 19th centuries (1687-1848); HungersnÃ¶te und Agrarausfuhr im spÃ¤tmittelalterlichen Ungarn (1700-1848); Development of agriculture in Hungary from 1848 to the First World War; Agricultural exports in Hungary (1858-1914); Agrarreform und industrielle Revolution in Ungarn; Index.