Investigators have moved back and forth between design efforts and basic studies in cognition to improve both application and fundamental knowledge. This volume's theme is this interaction between practice and science with the opportunity for reflecting on findings in order to understand them and suggesting improved forms of application and their underlying explanation. This is seen in various arenas including theory-based computer-assisted instruction for teaching mathematics, the design of communities of learning in elementary schools, teaching in the context of problem-solving situations and reasoning with models, self-explanation as a highly effective learning activity, conceptual change in medical training and health education, and workplace training in electronic troubleshooting. The results of extensive long-term experience and analysis in each of these areas are insightfully reported by the well-known contributors to this volume.
Special features of this fifth edition include:
* The work of eminent cognitive scientists in the design and evaluation of educational and training environments to increase current understanding of learning and development, as this understanding is applied to innovative instructional programs and teaching methods.
* A description of learning theory and principles as well as implications and examples on research and development on educational application.
* A presentation on the 10-year change in perspective on research and development in problem solving environments that invite inquiry about academic information and skills in the context of instruction of elementary school children.
* An innovative approach to math and science instruction in which teaching is oriented around constructing, evaluating, and revising models.
* An examination of the process of self-explaining, which involves explaining to one's self in an attempt to make sense of a new situation.
* A description of a long-term program of cognitive task analysis and instructional design on problem solving in the operation of complex equipment.
* An investigation on the acquisition of clinical reasoning skills and the understanding of biomedical concepts in both professional medicine and the health practices of the lay population.
Table of Contents
Contents: Preface. J.R. Anderson, C.D. Schunn, Implications of the ACT-R Learning Theory: No Magic Bullets. The Cognition and Technology Group at Vanderbilt, Adventures in Anchored Instruction: Lessons From Beyond the Ivory Tower. R. Lehrer, L. Schauble, Modeling in Mathematics and Science. M.T.H. Chi, Self-Explaining: The Dual Processes of Generating Inference and Repairing Mental Models. S.P. Gott, A.M. Lesgold, Competence in the Workplace: How Cognitive Performance Models and Situated Instruction Can Accelerate Skill Acquisition. V.L. Patel, D.R. Kaufman, J.F. Arocha, Conceptual Change in the Biomedical and Health Sciences Domain.
"Reading this book is like listening to six exemplary leaders in the field answer the question 'So what have you been doing lately (in the field of cognition and instruction, that is)?' If you wonder about what is happening in the field of cognition and instruction, this book provides six encouraging stories of major contributions based on sustained programs of research....each chapter has an important message and is worth the reader's effort. Overall, this latest volume of Advances in Instructional Psychology belongs on the bookshelf of anyone who is interested in the cognitive psychology of instruction."