This book contains papers presented in various technical sessions at the Polyurethanes Expo 2001 conference held between September 30–October 3, 2001 at Greater Columbus Convention Center, Columbus, Ohio.
Table of Contents
Technical Session A—Environmental 1. Coatings Prepared from Polyurethane Soft Foam Recycling Polyol 2. Improved Comfort Factor with Recycled Content by Reformulation of Flexible Slabstock Foams 3. Recent Developments in the Recycling of Flexible PU Foams Back into New PU Foam Product Technical Session B—Automotive Low V.O.C. Emissions 4. Non-VOC Catalysts for HR Molded Foams Used in Automotive Seating Application 5. New Silicone Surfactants for TSI Based HR Molded Foams—Optimization of Bulk Stabilization and Processing Latitude 6. Elimination of Amine Emissions from Polyurethane Foams: Challenges and Opportunitie Technical Session C—Testing 7. Monitoring of Polyurethane Foam Cure 8. Three-Way Thermal Conductivity Instrument Compariso 9. Testing for MDI Emissions from Commercial Boards and Polyurethane Glue 10. Report on the First ASTM Round Robin of Vacuum Panels Technical Session D—Construction 11. The Development of all Water-Blown Polyisocyanurate Foam System for Metal-Faced Continuous Sandwich Panel 12. Alternative Blowing Agent Solutions for Polyisocyanurate Continuous Laminate Metal Panels 13. Processing Gaseous Blown Spray Applied Polyurethane Foam 14. Meeting the Needs of the Future with HFC-245fa and HFC-245fa Blend Technology in the Construction Industry 15. Pour-in-Place Discontinuous Panels Using Pentane Technical Session E—Innovative Polyurethane Solutions for Automotive Applications 16. Automotive, Moulded Visco-Elastic Foam 17. HFC-245fa: An Ideal Blowing Agent for Integral Skin Foam 18. Advances in Polyurethane RRIM for Automotive Exterior 19. Next Generation E-Coat Capable Exterior Body Panel 20. High Performance Structural RIM for Large Composites: Beams, Boxes, and Beyond 21. New PU Cavity Filling Foam for Sound Abatement in Car Body Shel Technical Session F—Fundamentals 22. Structure-Property Relationships of Poly(urethane-urea)s with Soft Segments Consisting of Ultra-Low Monol Content Poly(propylene glycol) with and without Tri(propylene glycol) 23. Exploring Urea Phase Connectivity in Flexible Polyurethane Foams Using Lithium Chloride as a Probe 24. Fundamental Investigation of the Factors That Influence the Properties of Slow Recovery Polyurethane Foam 25. Polyurethane Elastomers with Multiple Chain Extender 26. The Effects of Temperature/Pressure Gradients in the Rigid Polyurethane Foaming Process 27. New DMC Catalysts for Manufacturing Polyols 28. Nano-and Micro-Fillers for Polyurethane Foams: Effect on Density and Mechanical Properties Technical Session G—Automotive Seating Comfort and Durability 29. Benchmarking of Polyurethane Technologies for Automotive Seat Cushions 30. New Comfort MDI Molded Foam for Automotive Seating—A Study of Foam Properties for Riding Comfort Performance 31. A Study of the Influence of Polymer and Cell Structure on Polyurethane Foam Properties for Better Riding Comfort 32. Alternative Methods for Durability Specification 33. Accelerated Aging and Durability Testing of Polyurethane Foams 34. Measurement of High Resiliency Moulded Foam Properties as a Function of Climatic Conditions Technical Session H—Blowing Agents 35. Aging of Polyurethane Foam Insulation in Simulated Refrigerator Panels—Three-Year Results with Third-Generation Blowing Agents 36. Analysis of the Evolution of PIR Foams in the Context of the Phaseout of HCFCs 37. HFC 365mfc-Blown Spray Foams: Market Positioning and Environmental Benefits 38. HFC-134a as a Coblowing Agent with Pentanes Technical Session J—Innovation and New Application in Case 39. New UV-Curable Coatings for Caul Paper Manufacturing 40. A Novel Plasticizer-Free PU Gel Technology for Improved Comfort 41. New Non-Isocyanate Curatives for 2K Solvent-Borne Urethane Coatings 42. The Evaluation of Metal and Tertiary Amine Catalyst in CASE Application 43. RimSpray™: A Unique Method for Applying Polyurethane Foam to Molds and Substrates 44. Investigation of Polyurethane Adhesives for Use in the Apache Aviator NBC Protective Mask Technical Session K—Furnishings 45. Less Temperature-Sensitive LR Slabstock Foam 46. Flame-Retardant and Physical Characteristics of Flexible Hybrid Polyurethane Foam Materials Prepared Utilizing Foam-One Technology 47. A New Generation of Silicone Surfactants Optimized for Liquid Carbon Dioxide Blown Slabstock Foams 48. DBTDL Replacement in High Resilience Slabstock Foams 49. Catalysts and Silicone Surfactants for Reduced VOC Emissions of Polyester Slabstock Foam 50. Novel Polymer Polyol with High Polymer Content and Low Viscosity 51. Flexible Foam Formulating Technology Development via a New Modeling Approach Technical Session L—Appliance 52. HFC-134a: The Other HFC 53. HFC-245fa: Foam Equipment Considerations 54. Development of Amine Catalysts for the Next Generation Blowing Agents 55. Do the Existing Silicone Surfactants Match the Requirements of HFC-245fa-Blown Appliance Sytems? 56. “LinFlex™”, a Proven Success, New-Innovative Refrigerator Cabinet Polyurethane Machinery Poster Session—Case 57. A New Anti-Hydrolysis Ether-Based PU System for Uni-sole Application 58. Investigation of Polyurethane Adhesives for Use in the Apache Aviator NBC Protective Mask 59. Low Gloss, Low Build Up Water Based Release Agents for Elastomers and Microcellular Systems 60. Lower Durometer TDI Elastomers “Plasticizer Free” for Solvent Resistance 61. New Developments in Light and Thermal Stabilisation Packages for Flexible Polyurethane Integral Skin Applications 62. RimSpray™: A Unique Method for Applying Polyurethane Foam to Molds and Substrates Poster Session—Flexible Foam/Automotive 63. Amine Emission Free Catalyst for Polyester Slabstock Flexible Foam 64. DMAMP-80™ A Superior Reactive Amine Catalyst for Polyurethane Foams 65. Effect of Nano and Micro-Silica Fillers on Polyurethane Foam Properties 66. Effect of Particle Size Distribution on Performance of Copolymer Polyols 67. Flexible Polyurethanes Using a Castor Oil Based Polyester Polyol 68. Innovative Polymers for Optimized Release Performance for HR Molded and Flexible Foam 69. New Styrene-AcryloNitrile Polymer Polyols for Cold Cure Moulding Automotive Applications 70. Spray Polyurethane Elastomer for Use in Automotive Dash Insulator Applications 71. Synthesis of PU High Resilience Flexible Foams with Dispersing Liquid Prepared by Polyether Grafting Starch Copolymer 72. Whiplash Countermeasures: SafeGuard™ Poster Session—Fundamentals/Equipment 73. Compatibility Study of Poly bd® Resin with Other Polyols and Property Evaluation of Polyurethanes Perpared Therefrom 74. Dielectric Polarization Measurement with CMD Provides New Insight into the Foaming Process 75. IC Fluid Power for Fluid Measurement and Control 76. Mixing Equipment for the In-Line Addition of Scrap Regrind and Other Fillers into PUR 77. Structures and Properties of Polyurethanes Based on Model Triglycerides 78. Three-Way Thermal Conductivity Instrument Comparison Poster Session—Rigid Foam 79. Amidic Polyols, New Polyhydroxylic Raw Materials for Rigid Polyurethane Foams 80. Diffusion of Gases in Rigid Polyurethane Foam at Different Temperatures 81. Dimethoxymethane as Co-Blowing Agent with HFC134a for Polyurethane Rigid Foams 82. Glycolysis Reactivity of Rigid Polyurethane Foam for Refrigerator 83. HFC-134a as a Coblowing Agent with Pentanes 84. HFEs as New Generation Blowing Agents 85. Hydrocarbon Blown Rigid Foam Formulations and Physical Properties 86. Influence of Expandable Graphite on the Physical-Mechanical Properties and Fire Behaviour of Flame Retarded PIR-PUR Foams 87. Optimization of Flame-Retardants for Rigid PIR Foams: A New Screening Apparatus, and Correlation to Large-Scale Flammability Tests 88. Performance of Non-ODP Rigid Foams in Picnic Coolers 89. Sandwich Panel Lines: Comparison Between Discontinuous and Continuous Process. Advantages Given by the Continuous Production Method Compared to the Manufacture of Panels by Discontinuous Means 90. Solkane ® 365/227 Blown Rigid Foams: Optimized Insulation and Cost Performance 91. The Effective Diffusivity of C 02 and HCFC-141b in PU Foam Prepared with HCFC-141b as Insulating Blowing Agent at 20,25 and 40 C 92. Unique, Enviromentally Friendly Release Agents for MDI Foam Articles