Dams and Appurtenant Hydraulic Structures provides a comprehensive and complete overview of all kinds of dams and appurtenant hydraulic structures. Together with numerous examples of dams built in different countries, virtually all important dams in the Republic of Macedonia are described and illustrated.
The reader is guided through different aspects of dams and appurtenant hydraulic structures in 35 chapters, which are subdivided in five themes:
I. Dams and appurtenant hydraulic structures – general;
II. Embankment dams;
III. Concrete dams;
IV. Hydromechanical equipment and appurtenant hydraulic structures;
V. Hydraulic schemes.
Subjects treated are general questions, design, construction, surveillance, maintenance and reconstructions of various embankment and concrete dams, hydromechanical equipment, spillway structures, bottom outlets, special hydraulic structures, composition of structures in river hydraulic schemes, reservoirs, environmental effects of river hydraulic schemes, and reservoirs and environmental protection. Special attention is paid to advanced methods of static and dynamic analysis of embankment dams.
The major achievements obtained by the author in 25 years of research and practical work are included in this revised English edition. For the original Macedonian edition of Dams and Appurtenant Hydraulic Structures, Ljubomir Tanchev was awarded the Goce Delcev Prize, the highest state prize for achievements in science in the Republic of Macedonia.
This well-illustrated work is intended for professionals specializing in the design, construction and exploitation of dams and for (graduate) students in civil, hydraulic and environmental engineering.
PART ONE: Dams and appurtenant hydraulic structures – general
1 UTILIZATION OF WATER RESOURCES BY MEANS OF HYDRAULIC STRUCTURES 3
2 FOUNDATIONS OF DAMS 19
3 SEEPAGE THROUGH DAMS 42
4 FORCES AND LOADINGS ON DAMS 66
5 DESIGNING HYDRAULIC STRUCTURES 87
PART TWO: Embankment dams
6 EMBANKMENT DAMS – GENERAL 101
7 SEEPAGE THROUGH EMBANKMENT DAMS 127
8 STATIC STABILITY OF EMBANKMENT DAMS 144
9 DYNAMIC STABILITY OF EMBANKMENT DAMS 197
10 EARTHFILL DAMS 221
11 EARTH-ROCK DAMS 249
12 ROCKFILL DAMS WITH REINFORCED CONCRETE FACING 275
13 ROCKFILL DAMS WITH ASPHALTIC CONCRETE AND OTHER TYPES OF FACINGS 303
14 ROCKFILL DAMS WITH DIAPHRAGM WALL 327
15 MONITORING AND SURVEILLANCE OF EMBANKMENT DAMS 351
PART THREE: Concrete dams
16 GRAVITY DAMS ON ROCK FOUNDATIONS 375
17 GRAVITY DAMS ON SOIL FOUNDATION 417
18 ROLLER-COMPACTED CONCRETE GRAVITY DAMS 439
19 BUTTRESS DAMS 469
20 ARCH DAMS 493
21 DYNAMIC STABILITY OF CONCRETE DAMS 538
22 MONITORING AND SURVEILLANCE OF CONCRETE DAMS 548
PART FOUR: Hydromechanical equipment and appurtenant
23 ON MECHANICAL EQUIPMENT AND APPURTENANT HYDRAULIC STRUCTURES IN GENERAL 563
24 SURFACE (CREST) GATES 587
25 HIGH-HEAD GATES AND VALVES 613
26 SPILLWAYS PASSING THROUGH THE DAM’S BODY 631
27 SPILLWAYS OUTSIDE THE DAM’S BODY 647
28 BOTTOM OUTLET WORKS 679
29 SPECIAL HYDRAULIC STRUCTURES 691
30 RIVER DIVERSION DURING THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE HYDRAULIC SCHEME 703
PART FIVE: Hydraulic schemes
31 COMPOSING OF STRUCTURES IN RIVER HYDRAULIC SCHEMES 715
32 HIGH-HEAD RIVER HYDRAULIC SCHEME 729
33 RESERVOIRS 751
34 NEGATIVE EFFECTS OF HYDRAULIC SCHEMES AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION 769
35 RESTORATION AND RECONSTRUCTION OF HYDRAULIC SCHEMES 781
SUBJECT INDEX 817
INDEX OF DAMS 815
Ljubomir Tanchev was born in 1945 in Prilep (Republic of Macedonia). He moved to Skopje in 1950 where he finished the primary and secondary school and graduated in Civil Engineering from the Sts Cyril and Methodius University, Skopje. He obtained his M.Sc. in 1980 and was awarded his Ph.D. on the subject of Numerical analysis of embankment dams from the same university in 1987. In 1978/79 he completed a post-graduate study at IHE in Delft, The Netherlands.
He began his career working in the laboratory for testing of materials of the CC "Mavrovo" (Skopje) as a research engineer between 1972 and 1977. Then he joined the Sts Cyril and Methodius University, Faculty of Civil Engineering, as assistant. In 1988 he was appointed Assistant Professor, in 1992 Associate Professor and in 1996 Professor, covering the topics of Dams and Hydraulic Structures. He has been Head of the Department of Hydraulic Structures, vice-Dean and from October 1999 till October 2003 Dean of the Faculty of Civil Engineering, Sts Cyril and Methodius University. He retired in October 2010, but is still actively involved in a number of projects. Since 2004 he has been president of the Macedonian Committee on Large Dams, a member of ICOLD.
Over the last 25 years of practice, Professor Tanchev has been involved in many hydraulic engineering projects as designer, consultant, and supervisor. He has published more than 50 scientific works and is the author of three books, published in Macedonian: Static analysis of embankment dams (1989), Hydraulic structures (1992) and Dams and appurtenant hydraulic structures (1999). For his last book, Prof. Tanchev was awarded the Goce Delcev Prize, the highest state prize for achievement in the sciences.