Nanotechnology

Nanotechnology: Basic Science and Emerging Technologies

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ISBN 9781584883395
Cat# C3391

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Features

  • Presents the background and applications of nanotechnology accessible to undergraduate students and scientists and engineers from other fields
  • Covers a wide range of topics, from basic chemistry, biology, and physics to the integration of these subjects into nanoscience, nanomaterials, and nanomachines
  • Incorporates a chapter on future applications with discussions that include computing systems, robots, optoelectronics, and ageless materials
  • Contains more than 80 illustrations, including a section of full color plates
  • Includes exercises and references in each chapter
  • Summary

    The emergence of nanoscience portends a revolution in technology that will soon impact virtually every facet of our technological lives. Yet there is little understanding of what it is among the educated public and often among scientists and engineers in other disciplines. Furthermore, despite the emergence of undergraduate courses on the subject, no basic textbooks exist.

    Nanotechnology: Basic Science and Emerging Technologies bridges the gap between detailed technical publications that are beyond the grasp of nonspecialists and popular science books, which may be more science fiction than fact. It provides a fascinating, scientifically sound treatment, accessible to engineers and scientists outside the field and even to students at the undergraduate level. After a basic introduction to the field, the authors explore topics that include molecular nanotechnology, nanomaterials and nanopowders, nanoelectronics, optics and photonics, and nanobiometrics. The book concludes with a look at some cutting-edge applications and prophecies for the future.

    Nanoscience will bring to the world technologies that today we can only imagine and others of which we have not yet dreamt. This book lays the groundwork for that future by introducing the subject to those outside the field, sparking the imaginations of tomorrow's scientists, and challenging them all to participate in the advances that will bring nanotechnology's potential to fruition.

    Table of Contents

    BACKGROUND TO NANOTECHNOLOGY
    Scientific Revolutions
    Types of Nanotechnology and Nanomachines
    The Periodic Table
    Atomic Structure
    Molecules and Phases
    Energy
    Molecular and Atomic Size
    Surfaces and Dimensional Space
    Top Down and Bottom Up
    MOLECULAR NANOTECHNOLOGY
    Atoms by Inference
    Electron Microscopes
    Scanning Electron Microscope
    Modern Transmission Electron Microscope
    Scanning Probe Microscopy - Atomic Force Microscope
    Scanning Tunnelling Microscope
    Nanomanipulator
    Nanotweezers
    Atom Manipulation
    Nanodots
    Self Assembly
    Dip Pen Nanolithography
    NANOPOWDERS AND NANOMATERIALS
    What Are Nanomaterials?
    Preparation
    Plasma Arcing
    Chemical Vapour Deposition
    Sol-Gels
    THE CARBON AGE
    New Forms of Carbon
    Types of Nanotubes
    Formation of Nanotubes
    Assemblies
    Purification of Carbon Nanotubes
    The Properties of Nanotubes
    Uses of Nanotubes
    MOLECULAR MIMICS
    Catenanes and Rotaxanes
    Molecular Switches
    The Electron Driven Molecular Shuttle Switch
    The pH Driven Molecular Shuttle Switch
    The Light Driven Molecular Shuttle Switch
    Synthesis of Rotaxanes and Catenanes
    Rotaxanes and Molecular Computers
    Chemical Rotors
    Prodders
    Flippers
    Atom Shuttles
    Actuators
    Contacts
    NANOBIOMIMETICS
    Introduction
    Lipids as Nano-Bricks and Mortar
    Same but Different: Self-Assembled Nanolayers
    The Bits that Do Things - Proteins
    Structure is Information - DNA
    A Biological Nanotechnological Future
    OPTICS, PHOTONICS AND SOLAR ENERGY
    Properties of Light and Nanotechnology
    Interaction of Light and Nanotechnology
    Nanoholes and Photons
    Imaging
    New low Cost Energy Efficient Windows and Solar Absorbers Based On Nanoparticles
    Photonic Crystals, Surface Wave Guides and Control of Light Paths
    NANOELECTRONICS
    Introduction
    What Will Nanoelectronics Do for Us?
    The Birth of Electronics
    The Tools of Micro- and Nanofabrication
    From Classical to Quantum Physics
    Quantum Electronic Devices
    Quantum Information and Quantum Computers
    Experimental Implementations of Quantum Computers
    FUTURE APPLICATIONS
    Micro-Electromechanical Machines
    Robots - How Small Can They Go?
    Ageless Materials
    Invisible Mending of Atomic Dislocations Inside Damaged Materials
    Nanomechanics and Nanoelasticity
    Nanoparticle Coatings - Special New Effects
    Nanoelectronic and Magnetic Devices and New Computing Systems
    Optoelectronic Devices
    Environmental Applications
    INTO THE REALMS OF IMAGINATION
    Introduction
    Communication
    Manufacturing
    Nanomedicine
    Society and Ethics
    Religion and Making Everything from Everything Else
    Thanks for All the Fish
    REFERENCES
    INDEX

    Each chapter also contains References and Exercises

     

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