Polymer Chemistry, Second Edition

Polymer Chemistry, Second Edition

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Features

  • Covers topics closest to what the authors use in their own courses
  • Builds upon principles taught in undergraduate chemistry courses, particularly organic and physical chemistry
  • Integrates concepts from physics, biology, materials science, chemical engineering, and statistics as needed
  • Incorporates new theories and experiments using the latest tools and instrumentation
  • Contains mathematical tools and step-by-step derivations for example problems A solutions manual is available with qualifying course adoptions
  • Summary

    “Highly recommended!” – CHOICE

    New Edition Offers Improved Framework for Understanding Polymers

    Written by well-established professors in the field, Polymer Chemistry, Second Edition provides a well-rounded and articulate examination of polymer properties at the molecular level. It focuses on fundamental principles based on underlying chemical structures, polymer synthesis, characterization, and properties.

    Consistent with the previous edition, the authors emphasize the logical progression of concepts, rather than presenting just a catalog of facts. The book covers topics that appear prominently in current polymer science journals. It also provides mathematical tools as needed, and fully derived problems for advanced calculations. This new edition integrates new theories and experiments made possible by advances in instrumentation. It adds new chapters on controlled polymerization and chain conformations while expanding and updating material on topics such as catalysis and synthesis, viscoelasticity, rubber elasticity, glass transition, crystallization, solution properties, thermodynamics, and light scattering.

    Polymer Chemistry, Second Edition offers a logical presentation of topics that can be scaled to meet the needs of introductory as well as more advanced courses in chemistry, materials science, and chemical engineering.

    Table of Contents

    Introduction to Chain Molecules
    Introduction
    How Big is Big?
    Linear and Branched Polymers, Homopolymers, and Copolymers  
    Addition, Condensation, and Natural Polymers     
    Polymer Nomenclature
    Structural Isomerism
    Molecular Weights and Molecular Weight Averages    
    Measurement of Molecular Weight      
    Preview of Things to Come

    Step-Growth Polymerization
    Introduction
    Condensation Polymers: One Step at a Time
    Kinetics of Step-Growth Polymerization
    Distribution of Molecular Sizes
    Polyesters
    Polyamides
    Stoichiometric Imbalance

    Chain-Growth polymerization
    Introduction
    Chain-Growth and Step-Growth Polymerizations: Some Comparisons
    Initiation
    Termination
    Propagation
    Radical Lifetime
    Distribution of Molecular Weights
    Chain Transfer

    Controlled Polymerization
    Introduction
    Poisson Distribution for an Ideal Living Polymerization
    Anionic Polymerization
    Block Copolymers, End-Functional Polymers, and Branched Polymers by Anionic Polymerization
    Cationic Polymerization
    Controlled Radical Polymerization
    Polymerization Equilibrium
    Ring-Opening Polymerization (ROP)
    Dendrimers

    Copolymers, Microstructure, and Stereoregularity
    Introduction
    Copolymer Composition
    Reactivity Ratios
    Resonance and Reactivity
    A Closer Look at Microstructure
    Copolymer Composition and Microstructure: Experimental Aspects
    Characterizing Stereoregularity
    A Statistical Description of Stereoregularity
    Assessing Stereoregularity by Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
    Ziegler-Natta Catalysts
    Single-Site Catalysts

    Polymer Conformations
    Conformations, Bond Rotation, and Polymer Size    
    Average End-to-End Distance for Model Chains    
    Characteristic Ratio and Statistical Segment Length
    Semiflexible Chains and the Persistence Length    
    Radius of Gyration        
    Spheres, Rods, and Coils       
    Distributions for End-to-End Distance and Segment Density  
    Self-Avoiding Chains: A First Look      

    Thermodynamics of Polymer Solutions
    Review of Thermodynamic and Statistical Thermodynamic Concepts 
    Regular Solution Theory       
    Flory-Huggins Theory       
    Osmotic Pressure        
    Phase Behavior of Polymer Solutions      
    What's in c?         
    Excluded Volume and Chains in a Good Solvent    

    Light Scattering by Polymer Solutions
    Introduction: Light Waves              
    Basic Concepts of Scattering       
    Scattering by an Isolated Small Molecule     
    Scattering from a Dilute Polymer Solution
    The Form Factor and the Zimm Equation     
    Scattering Regimes and Particular Form Factors    
    Experimental Aspects of Light Scattering     

    Dynamics of Dilute Polymer Solutions
    Introduction: Friction and Viscosity             
    Stokes' Law and Einstein's Law      
    Intrinsic Viscosity        
    Measurement of Viscosity       
    Diffusion Coefficient and Friction Factor    
    Dynamic Light Scattering       
    Hydrodynamic Interactions and Draining     
    Size Exclusion Chromatography (SEC)

    Networks, Gels, and Rubber Elasticity
    Formation of Networks by Random Cross-Linking    
    Polymerization with Multifunctional Monomers    
    Elastic Deformation        
    Thermodynamics of Elasticity      
    Statistical Mechanical Theory of Rubber Elasticity: Ideal Case     
    Further Developments in Rubber Elasticity     
    Swelling of Gels        

    Linear Viscoelasticity
    Basic Concepts        
    The Response of the Maxwell and Voigt Elements    
    Boltzmann Superposition Principle      
    Bead-Spring Model       
    Zimm Model for Dilute Solutions, Rouse Model for Unentangled Melts       
    Phenomenology of Entanglement      
    Reptation Model        
    Aspects of Experimental Rheometry      

    Glass Transition
    Introduction         
    Thermodynamics Aspects of the Glass Transition    
    Locating the Glass Transition Temperature     
    Free Volume Description of the Glass Transition    
    Time–Temperature Superposition      
    Factors that Affect the Glass Transition Temperature   
    Mechanical Properties of Glassy Polymers     

    Crystalline Polymers
    Introduction and Overview       
    Structure and Characterization of Unit Cells     
    The Thermodynamics of Crystallization: Relation of Melting Temperature to Molecular Structure      
    Structure and Melting of Lamellae      
    Kinetics of Nucleation and Growth      
    Morphology of Semicrystalline Polymers     
    The Kinetics of Bulk Crystallization

    Appendix
    *Each Chapter contains a Chapter Summary and Problems

    Editorial Reviews

    "Written by well-established professors in the field, Polymer Chemistry, Second Edition, provides a well-rounded and articulate examination of polymer properties at the molecular level. It focuses on fundamental principals based on underlying chemical structures, polymer synthesis, characterization, and properties . . . Polymer Chemistry, Second Edition offers a logical presentation of topics that can be scaled to meet the needs of introductory as well as more advances courses in chemistry, materials science, and chemical engineering."

    – In Memoriile sectiilor Stiintifice, 2007, Vol. 30, No. 4

     

    ". . . suitable for undergraduate or graduate students, and also for year-long course sequences. The chapters contain excellent worked-out problems as well as end-of-chapter problems, and include numerous figures, illustrations, and chemical sequences showing monomers and polymers. Summing Up: Highly Recommended."

    – P. G. Heiden, Michigan Technological University, in Choice: Current Reviews for Academic Libraries, August 2007, Vol. 44, No. 11

     
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