Occupational Exposure Assessment for Air Contaminants

Occupational Exposure Assessment for Air Contaminants

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ISBN 9781566706094
Cat# L1609
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Features

  • Addresses the measurement of gases and aerosols from theoretical and practical perspectives
  • Covers sample collection, analytical methods, and direct reading instrumentation for gas and vapor measurements
  • Provides an in-depth treatment of measurement error and exposure variability
  • Contains detailed discussion of exposure assessment strategies
  • Discusses retrospective exposure assessment methods that combine measurements and mathematical modeling of exposures in a statistical framework
  • Delineates the technological aspects of measuring air contaminants and the occupational hygiene framework within which such measurements take place
  • Summary

    Over the last three decades, significant progress has been made not only in the technology of measuring air contaminants but also in the statistical descriptions of exposure distributions and exposure assessment strategies. Occupational Exposures for Air Contaminants addresses the various aspects of occupational exposure assessment for air contaminants as a coherent body of knowledge. It is the first book to explore occupational air contaminant measurement and properties, human exposure assessment, design of exposure strategies, and the statistical interpretation of exposure measurements in one comprehensive source.

    The book describes the process of obtaining a number that represents the value of exposure to an air contaminant and the science and technology underlying this process. It includes a discussion of sources of variability in exposures, the statistics of exposure distributions, and exposure assessment strategies for routine monitoring as well as occupational epidemiology. The book's all-inclusive exploration of the major theories and practices of occupational exposure assessment for air contaminants make this an ideal textbook for a graduate or upper-level undergraduate course on occupational exposure assessment of airborne contaminants.

    Table of Contents

    INTRODUCTION
    Framework for Occupational Exposure Assessment

    PROPERTIES AND MEASUREMENT OF GASES AND VAPORS
    Properties of Gases and Vapors
    Basic Concepts of Fluid Flow
    Uncertainties in Physical Measurements
    Measurement of Air Volumes and Flow Rates
    Gas and Vapor Sampling Methods
    Analytical Methods for Gases and Vapors: Gas Chromatography and Mass Spectroscopy
    Direct Reading Instruments for Gases and Vapors

    PROPERTIES AND MEASUREMENT OF AEROSOLS
    Basic Aerosol Properties
    Particle Motion in a Viscous Medium
    Inhalation and Respiratory Tract Deposition of Aerosols
    Sampling of Aerosols
    Direct Reading Instruments for Aerosols
    Sampling for Pollutants of Biological Origin

    EXPOSURE ASSESSMENT STRATEGIES
    Variability in Occupational Exposures
    Occupational Exposure Assessment Strategies
    Exposure Modeling
    Reconstructing Historical Exposures

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