Basic Hazardous Waste Management, Third Edition

Basic Hazardous Waste Management, Third Edition

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Features

  • Provides a concise overview of hazardous waste management technologies, practices, processes, and relevant statutes and regulations
  • Supplies information that is generously illustrated, referenced, and annotated, with review questions at the end of each chapter and an extensive glossary
  • Introduces the closely related practices and regulations for underground storage tank management, radiological waste management, and medical/biomedical/infectious waste management
  • Discusses hazardous waste generation, treatment, storage, destruction, disposal, and site remediation technologies and practices
  • Examines the standards-setting processes and explains the pros and cons of technology-based standards vs. risk-based standards
  • Summary

    This third edition updates and expands the material presented in the best-selling first and second editions of Basic Hazardous Waste Management. It covers health and safety issues affecting hazardous waste workers, management and regulation of radioactive and biomedical/infectious wastes, as well as current trends in technologies. While the topics have been completely revised, the author employs the same practical approach that made the previous editions so popular. Chapters are structured to first outline the issue, subject, or technology, then to describe generic practice, and then to conclude with a summary of the statutory or regulatory approach.

    Blackman introduces fundamental issues such as human health hazards; the environmental impacts of toxic, reactive, and ignitable materials; the mobility, pathways and fates of released hazardous materials; and the roles of science, technology, and risk assessment in the standards-setting process. He explores hazardous waste site remediation technology, and the application of federal statutes, regulations, programs, and policies to the cleanup of contaminated sites.

    This text provides an introductory framework-which can serve as the foundation for a program of study in traditional as well as modern hazardous waste management-or a component of a related program. Its overview format provides numerous references to more detailed materials to assist the student or instructor in expansion on specific topics.

    Table of Contents

    THE HAZARDOUS WASTE PERSPECTIVE
    Objectives
    Introduction
    Dawning of the Problem
    Early Efforts-What Worked/Didn't Work
    Topics for Review or Discussion
    References
    DEFINITION OF HAZARDOUS WASTE
    Objectives
    Introduction
    The Chemist
    The Life Scientist/Health Professional
    The Environmentalist
    The Legislator/Lawyer/Administrator/Diplomat
    Implementing the RCRA Definition of "Hazardous Waste"
    Topics for Review or Discussion
    References
    PATHWAYS, FATES, AND DISPOSITION OF HAZARDOUS WASTE RELEASES
    Objectives
    Introduction
    Releases of Chemicals to the Environment
    Movement, Fates, and Disposition
    Topics for Review or Discussion
    References
    TOXICOLOGY AND THE STANDARD-SETTING PROCESSES
    Objectives
    Introduction
    Public Health Impacts
    Regulatory Application of Health Standards and Criteria
    Topics for Review or Discussion
    References
    HAZARDOUS WASTE SOURCES/GENERATORS
    Objectives
    Introduction
    The Generator Defined
    Wastes Generated
    Regulatory Requirements
    Topics for Review or Discussion
    References
    Appendix A: Examples of Hazardous Wastes Produced by Basic Industries
    Appendix B: DOT Eight-Step Procedure for Preparation of Hazardous Material Shipments
    TRANSPORTATION OF HAZARDOUS WASTES
    Objectives
    Introduction
    Modes and Scope of Hazardous Waste Transportation
    Regulatory Structures
    Topics for Review or Discussion
    References
    TREATMENT AND DISPOSAL METHODS AND PROCESSES
    Objectives
    Introduction
    Administrative and Non-Technical Requirements
    General Technical Standards for Interim Status and Permitted Facilities
    Hazardous Waste Treatment
    Accumulation and Storage of Hazardous Waste
    Land Disposal of Hazardous Waste
    Other Treatment and Disposal Methods
    Land Disposal Restrictions
    Topics for Review or Discussion
    Appendix A: MACT Emission Standards for Hazardous Waste Combustion Units
    References
    POLLUTION PREVENTION, WASTE MINIMIZATION, REUSE, AND RECYCLING
    Objectives
    Introduction
    Hazardous Waste Minimization Techniques
    Multi-Conceptual Approaches
    The RCRA Hazardous Waste Minimization Program
    RCRC Regulation of Recycling
    EPA Implementation of The Pollution Prevention Act (PPA) of 1990
    Topics for Review or Discussion
    Appendix A: State Agency P2 Linkages and Resources
    Appendix B: P2 Information, Concepts, and Linkages
    References
    RCRA PERMITS, COMPLIANCE, AND ENFORCEMENT
    Objectives
    Introduction
    Permits to Treat, Store, or Dispose of Hazardous Waste
    The Corrective Action Process
    Compliance Requirements of RCRA
    Enforcement of RCRA Regulations
    Topics for Review or Discussion
    References
    ASSESSMENT TECHNIQUES FOR SITE REMEDIATION
    Objectives
    Introduction
    Identifying Problem Sites and Obtaining Background Information
    Site Assessment Procedures in the Private Sector
    Compliance Inspections/Investigations by Regulatory Agencies
    Site Evaluation
    Topics for Review or Discussion
    Appendix A: ASTM Standard Practice for Environmental Site Assessments: Phase I Environmental Site Assessment Process (Appendix x2)
    References
    SITE REMEDIAL TECHNOLOGIES, PRACTICES, AND REGULATIONS
    Objectives
    Introduction
    Remedial Objectives
    On-Site Remedial Techniques
    Off-Site Technologies and Practices
    RCRA and Superfund Remedial Actions
    Topics for Review or Discussion
    References
    Appendix A: Typical Plants Used in Various Phytoremediation Applications
    MEDICAL/BIOMEDICAL/INFECTIOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT
    Objectives
    Introduction
    Definition and Characterization of Medical Waste
    Infectious Waste Management
    Treatment of infectious Waste
    Topics for Review or Discussion
    Appendix A: Bloodborne Pathogens Final Standard: Summary of Key Provisions
    References
    RADIOACTIVE WASTE MANAGEMENT
    Objectives
    Introduction
    Background
    The Nature, Effects, and Measurement of Radioactivity
    Radiation Protection
    Regulatory Structures
    High-Level Radioactive Waste
    Transuranic Waste Management
    Low-Level Waste Management
    Mixed Waste Management
    Uranium Mine and Mill Tailings Management
    Topics for Review or Discussion
    Appendix A: Commercial and Low-Level Radioactive Waste Disposal Options
    References
    UNDERGROUND STORAGE TANK MANAGEMENT
    Objectives
    Introduction
    Leaking Underground Storage Tanks-Problems and Causes
    Protection of Tanks and Piping from Corrosion
    Detection of Leaks from Underground Storage Tank Systems
    RCRA Subtitle I Regulations and Requirements
    Closure of Underground Storage Tank Facilities
    Compliance Summary
    Topics for Review or Discussion
    References
    HAZARDOUS WASTE WORKER HEALTH AND SAFETY
    Objectives
    Introduction
    Hazards Encountered on Hazardous Waste Sites
    Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response
    The HAZWOPER Summarized
    Other Important Topics and Compliance Issues
    Appendix A: OSHA Workplace Standards That May Apply to Hazardous Waste Sites
    References
    Glossary
    Index
    *Each chapter begins with an Objectives section and an Introduction, and concludes with Topics for Review or Discussion and References.

     
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