Hydrology and Hydroclimatology

Hydrology and Hydroclimatology: Principles and Applications

Published:
Content:
Author(s):
Free Standard Shipping

Purchasing Options

Hardback
ISBN 9781466512191
Cat# K14878

$135.95

$108.76

SAVE 20%


eBook (VitalSource)
ISBN 9781466512207
Cat# KE16492

$135.95

$95.17

SAVE 30%


eBook Rentals

Other eBook Options:
 

Features

  • Describes climate change models and simulation, emissions scenarios, precipitation changes, and impacts on water resources
  • Covers the spatial and temporal analysis of hydrologic variables, long lead forecasting, and modeling of water resources
  • Discusses drought and flood analysis as related to a changing climate
  • Uses data sets, such as the output of General Circulation Model, to overcome the data scarcity in many regions of the world for climate change impact studies
  • Includes case studies throughout

Summary

This book presents a systematic approach to understanding and applying the principles of hydrology and hydroclimatology, examining the interactions among different components of the water cycle. It takes a fresh look at the fundamentals and challenges in hydrologic and hydroclimatic systems as well as climate change. The author describes the application of nontraditional data sets and new investigation techniques to water-related problems. He also examines long lead forecasting and simulation, time series analysis, and risk and uncertainty in hydrologic design.

Table of Contents

Introduction
Introduction
Systems Approach
Hydrologic Cycle
Hydrologic Variability
Disposition of Energy and Matters
Representations, Statistical and Simulation Models
Extreme Values, Vulnerability, Risk and Uncertainty
Water Availability
Water Sustainability
Tools and Techniques

People’s Perception- Public Awareness
Integrated Water Cycle Management
Economics of Water
Water Supply vs. Water Demand
Clean Water Act
Overall Organization of This Book
Problems
References

Hydroclimatic Systems
Introduction
General Systems' Characteristics
Systems Modeling
The Earth System
The Atmosphere
The Lithosphere
The Biosphere
The Hydrosphere
Hydrologic Cycle
The Catchment Basin System
Groundwater System
Concluding Remarks
Problems
References

Hydro-Climaticprocesses
Introduction
Atmosphere characteristics
Physical Behavior of the Atmosphere
Heat and Temperature Relationship
Measures of Water Vapor in the Atmosphere
Clouds and Precipitation Formation
Climate Variability
Case Studies
Conclusion
Problems
References

Hydrologic Cycle Analysis
Introduction
Precipitation
Evaporation and Evapotranspiration
Interception Storage and Depression Storage
Infiltration
Calculation of Excess Rainfall-Runoff
Groundwater
Reservoirs and Lakes
Water balance
Regionalizing the Hydrologic Data Using Kriging Method
Summary
Problems
References

Watershed
Definition
Watershed Geomorphology
Hypsometric Curve
Characteristics of Soil
Channel Geomorphology
Travel Time
Land Use and Cover Impacts
Concluding Remarks
Problems
References

Surface Water Hydrology
Introduction
Estimation of Runoff Volume
Hydrograph Theory
Baseflow Estimation
Unit Hydrograph
Different Types of Unit Hydrographs
Unit Hydrograph Adjustments
Instantaneous Unit Hydrographs (IUH)
Routing Methods

Hydrologic Reservoir Routing
Estuaries
Water Quality Issues in Surface Water
Problems
References
Appendix

Groundwater Hydrology
Introduction
Groundwater Systems
Groundwater Availability
Groundwater Development
Types of Aquifers
Aquifer Characteristics
Groundwater Balance
Groundwater Movement
Homogeneous and Isotropic Systems
Transmissivity
Dupuit- Forchheimer Theory of Free-Surface Flow
Flow nets
Wells
Multiple-Well Systems
Effective Conditions on Time-Drawdown Data
Interaction between Surface and Groundwater
Concluding Remarks
Problems
References

Time Series Analysis
Introduction
Stochastic Processes
Time Series
Hydrological Time Series
Hydrologic Time Series Modeling: Basic Steps
Data Preparation
Time Series Modeling in Hydrology
Methods of Parameter Estimation
Regression Based Methods
Goodness of Fit Tests
Spectral Analysis Based Methods
Concluding Remarks
Problems
References
Appendix

Climate Change Impacts And Models
Introduction
The Greenhouse Effect
The Carbon Cycle
Climate Change Impact on Hydrologic Cycle
Water Resource System Effects
Climate Change Simulation
Case Studies
Problems
References

Probability, Risk and Uncertainty In Hydrologic Analysis
Introduction
Probability treatment of hydrologic data
Common probabilistic models
Return period or recurrence interval
Reliability
Risk
Vulnerability
Resiliency
Uncertainty
Problems
References
Appendix

Hydrologic Simulation
Introduction
Mathematical Simulation Techniques
Physical Models Simulation
Problems
References

Drought Analysis and Management
Introduction
Drought as a Hazard
Drought Definition
Climatic Drought
Hydrologic Drought
Agricultural Drought
Hybrid Drought Index
Geostatistic Tools in Drought Studies
Drought Preparedness/Management
Problems
References

Flood
Introduction
Flood Types
Flood Analysis
Flood Prediction
Flood Routing
Urban Floods
Understanding Flood Hazards
Evacuation Zones
Flood Damage
Resiliency
Floodplain Management
Case Studies
Problems
References

Introduction
Introduction
Systems Approach
Hydrologic Cycle
Hydrologic Variability
Disposition of Energy and Matters
Representations, Statistical and Simulation Models
Extreme Values, Vulnerability, Risk and Uncertainty
Water Availability
Water Sustainability
Tools and Techniques

People’s Perception- Public Awareness
Integrated Water Cycle Management
Economics of Water
Water Supply vs. Water Demand
Clean Water Act
Overall Organization of This Book
Problems
References

Hydroclimatic Systems
Introduction
General Systems' Characteristics
Systems Modeling
The Earth System
The Atmosphere
The Lithosphere
The Biosphere
The Hydrosphere
Hydrologic Cycle
The Catchment Basin System
Groundwater System
Concluding Remarks
Problems
References

Hydro-Climaticprocesses
Introduction
Atmosphere characteristics
Physical Behavior of the Atmosphere
Heat and Temperature Relationship
Measures of Water Vapor in the Atmosphere
Clouds and Precipitation Formation
Climate Variability
Case Studies
Conclusion
Problems
References

Hydrologic Cycle Analysis
Introduction
Precipitation
Evaporation and Evapotranspiration
Interception Storage and Depression Storage
Infiltration
Calculation of Excess Rainfall-Runoff
Groundwater
Reservoirs and Lakes
Water balance
Regionalizing the Hydrologic Data Using Kriging Method
Summary
Problems
References

Watershed
Definition
Watershed Geomorphology
Hypsometric Curve
Characteristics of Soil
Channel Geomorphology
Travel Time
Land Use and Cover Impacts
Concluding Remarks
Problems
References

Surface Water Hydrology
Introduction
Estimation of Runoff Volume
Hydrograph Theory
Baseflow Estimation
Unit Hydrograph
Different Types of Unit Hydrographs
Unit Hydrograph Adjustments
Instantaneous Unit Hydrographs (IUH)
Routing Methods

Hydrologic Reservoir Routing
Estuaries
Water Quality Issues in Surface Water
Problems
References
Appendix

Groundwater Hydrology
Introduction
Groundwater Systems
Groundwater Availability
Groundwater Development
Types of Aquifers
Aquifer Characteristics
Groundwater Balance
Groundwater Movement
Homogeneous and Isotropic Systems
Transmissivity
Dupuit- Forchheimer Theory of Free-Surface Flow
Flow nets
Wells
Multiple-Well Systems
Effective Conditions on Time-Drawdown Data
Interaction between Surface and Groundwater
Concluding Remarks
Problems
References

Time Series Analysis
Introduction
Stochastic Processes
Time Series
Hydrological Time Series
Hydrologic Time Series Modeling: Basic Steps
Data Preparation
Time Series Modeling in Hydrology
Methods of Parameter Estimation
Regression Based Methods
Goodness of Fit Tests
Spectral Analysis Based Methods
Concluding Remarks
Problems
References
Appendix

Climate Change Impacts And Models
Introduction
The Greenhouse Effect
The Carbon Cycle
Climate Change Impact on Hydrologic Cycle
Water Resource System Effects
Climate Change Simulation
Case Studies
Problems
References

Probability, Risk and Uncertainty In Hydrologic Analysis
Introduction
Probability treatment of hydrologic data
Common probabilistic models
Return period or recurrence interval
Reliability
Risk
Vulnerability
Resiliency
Uncertainty
Problems
References
Appendix

Hydrologic Simulation
Introduction
Mathematical Simulation Techniques
Physical Models Simulation
Problems
References

Drought Analysis and Management
Introduction
Drought as a Hazard
Drought Definition
Climatic Drought
Hydrologic Drought
Agricultural Drought
Hybrid Drought Index
Geostatistic Tools in Drought Studies
Drought Preparedness/Management
Problems
References

Flood
Introduction
Flood Types
Flood Analysis
Flood Prediction
Flood Routing
Urban Floods
Understanding Flood Hazards
Evacuation Zones
Flood Damage
Resiliency
Floodplain Management
Case Studies
Problems
References