Introduction to Nuclear Science, Second Edition

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Features

  • Contains a more in-depth look at nuclear power
  • Provides a balanced view of such topics as nuclear power, waste, and the health effects of radiation exposure
  • Includes more detailed explanations for mathematics in the first few chapters
  • Examines more applications, with some discussion earlier in the text
  • Presents a more international viewpoint than the first edition
  • Offers a complete solutions manual

Summary

This book was written to provide students who have limited backgrounds in the physical sciences and math with an accessible textbook on nuclear science. Expanding on the foundation of the bestselling first edition, Introduction to Nuclear Science, Second Edition provides a clear and complete introduction to nuclear chemistry and physics, from basic concepts to nuclear power and medical applications. Incorporating suggestions from professors using this book for their courses, the author has created a new text that is approximately 60 percent larger and more comprehensive and flexible than the first.

New to This Edition:

  • Thorough review of nuclear forensics, radiology, gamma cameras, and decay through proton or neutron emission
  • More detailed explanations of the necessary mathematics
  • A chapter on dosimetry of radiation fields
  • Expanded discussion of applications, introduced earlier in the text
  • More in-depth coverage of nuclear reactors, including a new chapter examining more reactor types, their safety systems, and recent accidents such as the one in Fukushima, Japan
  • Additional end-of-chapter problems throughout the book
  • A new appendix with nuclear data for all nuclides mentioned


This book covers energetics, nuclear stability, radioactive decay, nuclear reactions, interactions of radiation with matter, detection methods, and safety measures, including monitoring and regulations. It explores applications in medicine, power generation, food safety, waste, and weapons. This updated, expanded edition provides a much-needed textbook and resource for undergraduate students in science and engineering as well as those studying nuclear medicine and radiation therapy. It also serves as a general introduction to nuclear science for all interested readers.

Table of Contents

Introduction
Radiation
Atomic Structure
Nuclear Transformations
Nuclear Stability
Ionizing Radiation
A Biological Threat
Natural and Anthropogenic Radiation
The Chart of the Nuclides
Questions

Mathematics of Radioactive Decay
Atomic Masses and Average Atomic Masses
Nature of Decay
Specific Activity
Dating
Branched Decay
Equilibria
Statistics
Questions

Energy and the Nucleus
Binding Energy
Total Energy of Decay
Decay Diagrams
Questions

Applications of Nuclear Science I: Power and Weapons
Nuclear Power
Nuclear Weapons
Nuclear Forensics
Questions

Radioactive Decay: The Gory Details
Alpha Decay
Beta Decay
Positron Decay
Electron Capture
Multiple Decay Modes
Valley of Beta Stability
Isomeric Transitions
Other Decay Modes
Questions

Interactions of Ionizing Radiation with Matter
Ionizing Radiation
Charged Particles
Photons
Attenuation of Gamma and x-Radiation
Questions

Detection of Ionizing Radiation
Gas-Filled Detectors
Scintillation Detectors
Other Detectors
Gamma Spectroscopy
Questions

Applications of Nuclear Science II: Medicine and Food
Radiology
Radiation Therapy
Food Irradiation
Nuclear Medicine
Questions

Nuclear Reactions
Energetics
Cross Section
Yield
Accelerators
Cosmogenic Nuclides
Questions

Fission and Fusion
Spontaneous Fission
Neutron-Induced Fission
Fusion
Stellar Nucleosynthesis
Synthesis of Unknown Elements
Questions

Applications of Nuclear Science III: More about Nuclear Reactors
Reactions in Reactors
Other Reactor Types
Reactor Safety Systems
Nuclear Power Plant Accidents
Fusion Reactors
Questions

Radiation Protection
Terms
Regulations and Recommendations
Risk
Questions

X-Ray Production
Conventional X-Ray Beams
High-Energy X-Ray Beams
Questions

Dosimetry of Radiation Fields
Percent Depth Dose
Tissue-Air Ratio
Tissue Maximum Ratio
Isodose Curves
Moving Fields
Proton and Electron Beam Dosimetry
Questions

Appendix A: Useful Constants, Conversion Factors, SI Prefixes, and Formulas
Appendix B: Periodic Table of the Elements
Appendix C
Appendix D: Table of Chi-Squared
Bibliography
Index

Author Bio(s)

Jeff C. Bryan is with the Department of Chemistry at the University of Wisconsin–La Crosse.

Editorial Reviews

Praise for the first edition:

"This is an excellent first guide to undergraduate and postgraduate students studying many aspects of the nuclear sciences, from the basics of radioactive decay to nuclear medicine and other applications of radioactivity. It is well written, combining good robust science with clarity and ease of reading."
—Nick Evans, Reviews, July 2011, No. 22, Vol 12