Forest Hydrology: An Introduction to Water and Forests, Third Edition

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Features

  • Features one brand new chapter—Watershed Management Planning and Implementation, and expands Forests and Streamflow into two chapters
  • Adds 20 new tables and 22 new figures
  • Updates all hydrologic and other natural resources data, and includes recent studies in forest hydrology
  • Contains a number of new sections covering forests and climate change, grazing, afforestation, sediment trends in world rivers, and more
  • Facilitates students with a significant background in water resources and forest characteristics for the study of forest hydrology
  • Treats the important issue of forests and flooding as an individual chapter narrating the flood generation and causes, the historical controversy surrounding forest impacts, and the role of scientific evidence in its resolution
  • Presents a thorough overview of watershed research methodologies and a worked example using the published Wagon Wheel Gap experimental data for analysis and discussion
  • Covers watershed management planning guidelines that bring forest hydrologic studies into practices
  • Includes four appendices of techniques on key hydrologic measurements
  • Cites extended references that allow for further exploration on a specific subject

Summary

Due to its height, density, and thickness of crown canopy; fluffy forest floor; large root system; and horizontal distribution; forest is the most distinguished type of vegetation on the earth. In the U.S., forests occupy about 30 percent of the total territory. Yet this 30 percent of land area produces about 60 percent of total surface runoff, the major water resource area of the country. Any human activity in forested areas will inevitably disturb forest floors and destroy forest canopies, consequently affecting the quantity, quality, and timing of water resources.

Thoroughly updated and expanded, Forest Hydrology: An Introduction to Water and Forests, Third Edition discusses the concepts, principles, and processes of forest and forest activity impacts on the occurrence, distribution, and circulation of water and the aquatic environment.

  • Brings water resources and forest-water relations into a single, comprehensive textbook
  • Focuses on the concepts, processes, and general principles in forest hydrology
  • Covers functions, properties, and science of water; water distribution; forests and precipitation, vaporization, stream flow, and stream sediment
  • Discusses watershed management planning and practical applications of forest hydrology in resource management

In a single textbook, Forest Hydrology: An Introduction to Water and Forests, Third Edition comprehensively covers water and water resources issues, forest characteristics relevant to the environment, forest impacts in the hydrological cycle, watershed research, watershed management planning, and hydrologic measurements. With the addition of new chapters, new issues, and appendices, this new edition is a valuable resource for upper-level undergraduates in forest hydrology courses as well as professionals involved in water resources management and decision-making in forested watersheds.

Table of Contents

Introduction
Water Spectrum
Forest Spectrum
Issues and Perspectives

Functions of Water
Biological Functions
Chemical Functions
Physical Functions
Socioeconomic Functions
Mechanical Functions
Political Functions
Military Functions

Science of Water
Water in History
Hydrosciences

Properties of Water
Physical Properties
Hydraulic Properties
Chemical Properties
Biological Properties

Water Distribution
Globe
United States
Hydrologic Cycle

Water Resource Problems
Water Demand and Supply
Water Quantity
Water Quality
Water Rights

Characteristic Forests
A Natural Resource
Environmental Functions
Functional Forests
Threats to Forests
Forests and Climate Change

Forests and Precipitation
Precipitation Processes
Forest Interception
Snow Accumulation and Snowmelt
Do Forests Increase Precipitation?

Forests and Vaporization
Vaporization Processes
Sources of Energy
Evapotranspiration
Forested versus Nonforested

Forests and Streamflow Quantity
Runoff Generation
Watershed Discharges
Deforestation
Forest Fires
Afforestation

Forests and Streamflow Quality
Water Pollutants
Sources of Water Pollution
Water Quality Determination
Forest Practices

Forests and Stream Sediment
Soil Erosion Processes
Watershed Gross Erosion
Estimation of Sediment Yield
Vegetation Effects
Trends in Sediment Loads of the World’s Rivers

Forests and Stream Habitat
Stream Habitat
Forest Impacts
Forest Fires

Forests and Flooding
Folklore and Fallacies
Flood Occurrences
Flood Measures
Forest Impacts

Watershed Management Planning and Implementation
Watershed Programs/Projects
Watershed Inventory
Watershed Analysis
Watershed Management Strategies
Watershed Management Plans
Watershed Assessment

Research in Forest Hydrology
Research Issues
Principles of Field Studies
Research Methods
The Wagon Wheel Gap Study

Author Bio(s)

Mingteh Chang, PhD, is Regents Professor of Forest Hydrology and Professor Emeritus within the Arthur Temple College of Forestry and Agriculture at Stephen F. Austin State University in Nacogdoches, Texas.

Editorial Reviews

"The third revised edition offers exhaustive information regarding
concepts, processes and fundamental principles of forest hydrology.
This publication discusses functional properties, distributions of
water, forests and precipitation, humidity, runoff, soils and
sedimentation and also research approaches in the forest and water. In
addition, the watershed management and practical applications in forest
hydrology and water recourse managements are also discussed in this
book."
—Nachrichten, Neue Publikationen,2013

Praise for the First Edition

A textbook for most forest hydrology courses should not only cover topics on forest impacts on water but also provide the basics of water properties, movement, and storage in the atmosphere, soil matrix, and surface water bodies. Putting both major topic areas in one manageable textbook requires trade-offs that do not dilute either subject area too much, but rather skillfully blend the two together. Mingteh Chang has done just that in writing this book.
—Richard C. Schultz, Professor of Forest Hydrology and Ecology, Iowa State University, in Forest Science, Vol. 49, No. 2

The book can be used as a text for students in agriculture, forestry, and land-resources management, and as a reference for foresters, rangers, geographers, watershed managers, biologists, agriculturalists, environmentalists, policy makers, engineers, and others who may need such background in their professions.
—Falhry A. Assaad, Consultant, Geologist, and Data Analyst