Bacterial nanocellulose (BNC) is an emerging nanomaterial with unique properties produced by several species of ubiquitous fermentation bacteria, most importantly Gluconacetobacter xylinus, previously known as Acetobacter xylinum. BNC has been used for a variety of commercial applications including textiles, cosmetics, and food products, and it has a high potential for medical applications.
Bacterial NanoCellulose: A Sophisticated Multifunctional Material provides the state of the art of scientific knowledge about the mechanism of cellulose production by bacteria along with pointing out challenges in expansion of BNC production in large scale. It provides the latest update on BNC structure and its modification, as well as comprehensive information about current and future applications of BNC.
This seminal work covers the basic science, technology, and economic impact of this bulk chemical as well as the companies and patents that are driving the field. It reviews the biosynthesis and properties of BNC.
Biosynthesis of Bacterial Cellulose
Inder M. Saxena and R. Malcolm Brown, Jr.
Effect of Cultivation Conditions on the Structure and Morphological Properties of BNC Biomaterials with a Focus on Vascular Grafts
Paul Gatenholm, Kim Höglund, Sara Johannesson, Maja Puchades, Christian Brackmann, Annika Enejder, and Lisbeth Olsson
Large-Scale Production of BNC: State and Challenges
Dana Kralisch and Nadine Hessler
Tough Bacterial Nanocellulose Hydrogels Based on the Double-Network Technique
Anamul Haque, Takayuki Kurokawa, and Jian Ping Gong
Bacterial Cellulose Surface Modifications
João P. Silva, Fábia K. Andrade, and Francisco Miguel Gama
Nematic Ordered Cellulose Templates
Applications and Products—Nata de Coco
Muenduen Phisalaphong and Nadda Chiaoprakobkij
Wound Dressings and Cosmetic Materials from Bacterial Nanocellulose
Stanislaw Bielecki, Halina Kalinowska, Alina Krystynowicz, Katarzyna Kubiak, Marek Kołodziejczyk, and Manu de Groeve
Bacterial Nanocellulose Hydrogels Designed as Bioartificial Medical Implants
Dieter Klemm, Hannes Ahrem, Friederike Kramer, Wolfgang Fried, Jens Wippermann, and Raimund W. Kinne
Bacterial Nanocellulose Biomaterials with Controlled Architecture for Tissue Engineering Scaffolds and Customizable Implants
Paul Gatenholm, Joel Berry, Andrea Rojas, Michael B. Sano, Rafael V. Davalos, Kara Johnson, and Laurie O´Rourke
Biomimetic Mineralization of Apatite on Bacterial Cellulose
Thi Thi Nge and Junji Sugiyama
Bacterial Nanocellulose as a Structured Platform for Conductive Biopolymers
Fernando Dourado, Daliana Muller, Catarina Nunes, Carlos Rambo, and Guilherme Mariz de Oliveira Barra