Electrochemical Supercapacitors for Energy Storage and Delivery

Electrochemical Supercapacitors for Energy Storage and Delivery: Fundamentals and Applications

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Features

  • Features the most recent advances made in system design using supercapacitors
  • Discusses cutting-edge nanotechnology
  • Includes theoretical calculation and modeling that can be used to guide and promote materials as well as technology development
  • Contains contributions from international leading scientists active in supercapacitor research and manufacturing.
  • Provides invaluable information that will benefit readers from both academia and industry

Summary

Although recognized as an important component of all energy storage and conversion technologies, electrochemical supercapacitators (ES) still face development challenges in order to reach their full potential. A thorough examination of development in the technology during the past decade, Electrochemical Supercapacitors for Energy Storage and Delivery: Fundamentals and Applications provides a comprehensive introduction to the ES from technical and practical aspects and crystallization of the technology, detailing the basics of ES as well as its components and characterization techniques.

The book illuminates the practical aspects of understanding and applying the technology within the industry and provides sufficient technical detail of newer materials being developed by experts in the field which may surface in the future. The book discusses the technical challenges and the practical limitations and their associated parameters in ES technology. It also covers the structure and options for device packaging and materials choices such as electrode materials, electrolyte, current collector, and sealants based on comparison of available data.

Supplying an in depth understanding of the components, design, and characterization of electrochemical supercapacitors, the book has wide-ranging appeal to industry experts and those new to the field. It can be used as a reference to apply to current work and a resource to foster ideas for new devices that will further the technology as it becomes a larger part of main stream energy storage.

Table of Contents

Fundamentals of Electric Capacitors
Introduction
Electric Charge, Electric Field, and Electric Potential and Their Implications for Capacitor Cell Voltage
Capacitance Definition and Calculation
Capacitor Charging and Recharging Processes
Energy Storage in Capacitor
Capacitor Containing Electrical Circuits and Corresponding Calculation
Types and Structures of Capacitors
Summary
References

Fundamentals of Electrochemical Double Layer Supercapacitors
Introduction
Electrode and Electrolyte Interfaces and Their Capacitances
Electrode Potential and Double Layer Potential Windows Using Different Electrode Materials and Electrolytes
Capacitance of Porous Carbon Materials
Electrochemical Double Layer Supercapacitors
Energy and Power Densities of Electrochemical Supercapacitors
Supercapacitor Stacking
Double Layer Supercapacitors versus Batteries
Applications of Supercapacitors
Summary
References

Fundamentals of Electrochemical Pseudocapacitors
Introduction
Electrochemical Pseudocapacitance of Electrode–Electrolyte Interface
Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy and Equivalent Circuits
Materials, Electrodes, and Cell Designs
Summary
References

Components and Materials for Electrochemical Supercapacitors
Introduction
Anode and Cathode Structures and Materials
Electrolyte Structures and Materials
Separator Structures
Current Collectors
Sealants
Summary
References

Electrochemical Supercapacitor Design, Fabrication, and Operation
Introduction
Design Considerations
Single Cell Manufacturing
Supercapacitor Stack Manufacturing and Construction
Voltage Cell Balancing
Cell Aging and Voltage Decay
Self Discharging
Patent Review
Major Commercial ES Products
Summary
References

Coupling with Batteries and Fuel Cells
Introduction
Coupling ES Systems with Other Energy Devices
Hybrid Systems
Supercapacitor Integration with Batteries
Supercapacitor Integration with Fuel Cells
System Modeling and Optimization
Improving Dynamic Response and Transient Stability
Summary
References

Characterization and Diagnosis Techniques for Electrochemical Supercapacitors
Introduction
Electrochemical Cell Design and Fabrication
Cyclic Voltammetry (CV)
Charging–Discharging Curve
Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS)
Physical Characterization of Supercapacitor Materials
Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) Method
Summary
References

Applications of Electrochemical Supercapacitors
Introduction
Power Electronics
Memory Protection
Battery Enhancement
Portable Energy Sources
Power Quality Improvement
Adjustable Speed Drives (ASDs)
High Power Sensors and Actuators
Hybrid Electric Vehicles
Renewable and Off-Peak Energy Storage
Military and Aerospace Applications
Summary
References

Perspectives and Challenges
Introduction
Market Challenges
Electrode Material Challenges
Electrolyte Innovations
Development of Computational Tools
Future Perspectives and Research Directions
References
Index

Author Bio(s)

Editorial Reviews

This book offers an essential background to researchers involved in the development of supercapacitors and may represent both a reference and a starting point for academic and industrial scientists. Also students and post-graduate fellows will find it a comprehensive and valuable resource.
—Catia Arbizzani, University of Bologna

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