Security for Wireless Sensor Networks using Identity-Based Cryptography

Security for Wireless Sensor Networks using Identity-Based Cryptography

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  • Introduces new cross-layer design approaches for WSN using identity-based cryptography
  • Combines cross-layer design principles along with identity-based cryptography to provide a new set of security solutions


Security for Wireless Sensor Networks using Identity-Based Cryptography introduces identity-based cryptographic schemes for wireless sensor networks. It starts with an exhaustive survey of the existing layered approach to WSN security—detailing its pros and cons. Next, it examines new attack vectors that exploit the layered approach to security.

After providing the necessary background, the book presents a cross-layer design approach that addresses authentication, integrity, and encryption. It also examines new ID-based key management mechanisms using a cross-layer design perspective. In addition, secure routing algorithms using ID-based cryptography are also discussed. Supplying readers with the required foundation in elliptic curve cryptography and identity-based cryptography, the authors consider new ID-based security solutions to overcome cross layer attacks in WSN.

Examining the latest implementations of ID-based cryptography on sensors, the book combines cross-layer design principles along with identity-based cryptography to provide you with a new set of security solutions that can boost storage, computation, and energy efficiency in your wireless sensor networks.

Table of Contents

Introduction to Wireless Sensor Networks
     WSN Applications 
History of WSN
WSN Architecture 
     Homogenous Sensor Networks 
     Heterogeneous Sensor Networks
Architecture of Sensor Nodes
The Protocol Stack in WSN
MANET versus WSN 
     Similarities between MANET and WSN 
     Differences between MANET and WSN
Challenges in WSN 
     Battery Life and Power Consumption
     Power Conservation Mechanism
     Communication Media 
     Integrated Circuit (IC) Technology
The Routing Problem in WSN
Broadcasting and Multicasting 
     Network Discovery 
     Data Aggregation in WSN

Security in Wireless Sensor Networks
Attacks on WSN
     Threats to Privacy 
     Threats to Control 
     Threats to Availability 
     Attacks Specific to WSN
Countermeasures to Attacks in WSN
     Security in WSN Using a Layered Approach

Elliptic Curve Cryptography
Introduction to Modern Algebra 
Prime Fields
Binary Fields
Elliptic Curve Cryptography 
     Discrete log Problem
     Weierstrass Equations
     Prime Curves 
     Binary Curves 
     Group Law
Why Elliptic Curve Cryptography?
Elliptic Curve Discrete Log Problem
Torsion Points
Pairing-Based Cryptography
     Divisor Theory 
     Rational Function 
     Weil Pairing 
     Bilinear Property 
     Tate Pairing

Identity-Based Cryptography
     Symmetric Key Cryptographic Systems 
     Asymmetric Key Cryptographic Systems
Public Key Infrastructure 
     Single-Certificate Authority Model 
     A Hierarchy of Certificate Authorities
     Pros and Cons of PKI
Identity-Based Cryptography 
     Computational Problems
     Identity-Based Encryption Schemes 
     Hierarchical Identity-Based Encryption Scheme 
     Identity-Based Authentication Schemes 
     Key Distribution in IBC 
     Key Escrow Problem 
     Threshold Signature Scheme

Identity-Based Authentication and Encryption in Wireless Sensor Networks
Related Work
     Lightweight Public Key Infrastructure for WSN
Identity-Based Digital Signature Schemes in WSN 
     ID-Based Signature (IBS) 
     ID-Based Online/Offline Signature (IBOOS) 
     BNN-IBS Scheme 
     Description of Identity-Based Multiuser Broadcast Authentication in Wireless Sensor Networks (IMBAS) 
     ID-Based One-Pass Authenticated Key-Establishment Protocol for WSN 
     TinyIBE Scheme
User Authentication

Identity-Based Key Distribution in Wireless Sensor Networks
Key-Distribution Schemes 
     Symmetric Key Algorithms 
     Trusted Server Mechanisms 
     Secure n x n Key-Establishment Schemes 
     Random Key-Predistribution Schemes 
     q-Composite Scheme 
     Random Pairwise Key Scheme 
      Multispace Key Schemes
     Deterministic Key-Predistribution Schemes 
     Public Key Algorithms
ID-Based Key-Distribution Schemes
     ID-Based Bilinear Key-Predistribution Scheme for Distributed Sensor Networks 
     Key Maintenance
Cross-Layer Approach to Key Management

Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks Using Identity-Based Cryptography
Routing Classifications in WSN 
     Data-Centric Communication 
     Location Information
     Network Layering and In-Network Processing 
     Path Redundancy
     Quality of Service (QoS) 
     Network Dynamics 
     Network Heterogeneity
Related Work 
     Routing Protocols in WSN
Selective-Forwarding Attack in WSN
     ID-Based Routing in WSN 
     Cross-Layer Routing

Cross-Layer Security in Wireless Sensor Networks
Cross-Layer Design in WSN 
Cross-Layer Design Proposals
Cross-Layer Key Distribution 
     Clustering Protocol
Cross-Layer Key Establishment 
     Basic Scheme
     Pairwise Key Setup with ECDH
Open Challenges 
     Cross-Layer Couplings 
     Coexistence of Cross-Layer Design Proposals 
     Particular Cross-Layer Design 
     Standardization of Interfaces 
     Physical Layer in Cross-Layer Proposals
     Ideal Model for Secure Communication

Implementation of Elliptic Curve Cryptography in Wireless Sensor Networks
Point Coordinate System
Design Principles
ECC Security Parameters
The Platform 
     MICAz/MICA2 Mote
     16-bit MSP430 Microcontroller 
     Marvell PXA271
Related Work 
Implementation of Identity-Based Cryptography (IBC) in WSN
Algorithms for Finite Field Arithmetic 
     Prime Field Arithmetic on Resource-Constraint Processors
     Efficient Binary Field Arithmetic for Low-End Processors

Each chapter includes a Summary and References

Appendix—For Further Reading

Author Bio(s)

Editorial Reviews

" … an excellent starting point for practitioners in the industry and students in academia faced with security issues in WSNs. It provides a comprehensive and systematic introduction to the fundamental concepts, major issues, and effective security solutions in wireless sensor networking."
IEEE Communications Magazine, October 2013

"Getting the right balance of systems security is a hard enough task in traditional networking, let alone securing a wireless network composed of sensors with high resource limitations that, nonetheless, can collaborate to perform complex tasks. This book serves as an excellent starting point for practitioners in the industry and students in academia to come up to speed with security issues in wireless sensor networks."
Vijay K. Gurbani, Ph.D., Distinguished Member of Technical Staff, Bell Laboratories, Alcatel-Lucent; Adjunct Professor, Department of Computer Science, Illinois Institute of Technology 

"Strong identity mechanisms are a hard sell for today’s Net because people feel that they know who they’re talking to. In the Internet of Things with its focus on unfeeling machine-to-machine communications, we must replace 'feeling secure' with actually being secure. Wireless sensors are the eyes, ears, noses and cat-whiskers of the Internet of Things. Yet these sensors are connected by a network that can be subverted by hostile parties, risking that their output could be diverted or false information inserted. Given the vast number of sensors to be deployed, cryptographic identity systems may be the only manageable approach to trusting our senses."
—Dean Willis, Chair, IETF SIP Working Group, 1999-2009

"… a valuable reference on IBC theory and practice that researchers and practitioners will want on their bookshelves for many years. In addition, it will certainly stimulate new directions in research in wireless network security."
—Thomas M. Chen, Editor-in-Chief, IEEE Network, 2009–2011

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Resource OS Platform Updated Description Instructions Cross Platform June 13, 2013 Errata Page 99 & 105 References

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