Infrastructure Health in Civil Engineering

Infrastructure Health in Civil Engineering: Applications and Management

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Features

  • Integrates all aspects of structural health, including monitoring, structural identification, and damage detection
  • Includes practical case studies
  • Presents the latest techniques in sensing and sensor utilization
  • Links the decision making concept to damage identification and structural monitoring

Summary

Continually increasing demands on infrastructures mean that maintenance and renewal require timely, appropriate action that maximizes benefits while minimizing cost. To be as well informed as possible, decision-makers must have an optimal understanding of an infrastructure’s condition—what it is now, and what it is expected to be in the future.

Written by two highly respected engineers, the second volume, Infrastructure Health in Civil Engineering: Applications and Management, integrates the decision making concept into theoretical and practical issues.

It covers:

  • State-of-the-art practice and future directions
  • Use of probability and statistics in areas including structural modeling
  • Specific practical applications, including retrofitting and rehabilitation in response to earthquake damage, corrosion, fatigue, and bridge security
  • Use of IHCE for management and maintenance of different types of structures using pre-stressed and reinforced concrete, and fiber-reinforced polymers (FRPs)
  • Numerous practical case studies, as well as coverage of the latest techniques in the use of sensors for damage detection and load testing

Built to correspond to the ideas presented in its companion volume, Theory and Components, this is an invaluable guide to optimized, cost-saving methods that will help readers meet safety specifications for new projects, as well as the aging infrastructure at great risk of failure.

Table of Contents

VOLUME 2: APPLICATIONS AND MANAGEMENT


PART III: Applications

Scour

Introduction

Types and Causes of Scour

Scour Mitigation Measures

Bridge Health and Scour

Case Studies

Bridge Life Cycle Analysis and Scour Effects

Decision Making and SCOUR

Management Strategies for Scour Hazard

Appendix: NBI System


Earthquakes

Introduction

Bridge Components and Seismic Hazards

SHM Components and Seismic Hazards

Case Studies

Decision Making and Earthquake Hazard

General Engineering Paradigms, Earthquakes, and Structural Health

Resilience of Infrastructures

LCA and Earthquake Hazards


Corrosion of Reinforced Concrete Structures

Introduction

Corrosion: The problem

Corrosion Monitoring

Corrosion Mitigation Methods

STRID and Corrosion Hazard

Decision Making and Corrosion Hazard

Case Studies

Bridge Life Cycle Analysis and Corrosion Monitoring

Appendix: Chloride Diffusion and Corrosion Initiation


Pre-stressed Concrete Bridges

Introduction

Anatomy of PSC Bridges

Damage to PSC Bridges

Structural Identification

Damage Detection

Decision Making

Case Studies

LCA of PT-PS Systems


Fatigue

Introduction

NDT Treatment of Fatigue

SHM Treatment of Fatigue

Virtual Sensing Paradigm

Step-by-Step Approach for Remaining Fatigue Life

Dynamic and Fatigue Analysis of a Truss Bridge with Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Deck

Estimating Fatigue Life of Bridge Components Using Measured Strains: Practical Application

BLCA and Fatigue

Dirlik Rainflow Empirical Solution


Fiber-Reinforced Polymers Bridge Decks

Introduction

The Advent of FRP Bridge Decks

Health of FRP Bridge Deck

Decision Making and FRP Bridge Decks

Case Studies

LCA for FRP Bridge Decks


Fiber-Reinforced Polymers Wrapping

Introduction

Physical and Theoretical Background

NDT Methods for FRP Wrapping

Applications

East Church Street Bridge

Troy Bridge

Congress Street Bridge

Guide to SHM Usage in FRP Wrapping

Decision Making Example: When to Retrofit with FRP Wrapping?

LCA of FRP Wrapping

Sources of Damage in FRP Laminates

 

PART IV: Management of Infrastructure Health

Load Testing

Introduction

General Considerations for Load Testing

Categories of Load Tests

Sensors, Instrumentations, Hardware, and Software

STRID in Load Testing

Damage Identification in Load Testing

Decision Making in Load Testing

Cost, Benefit, and LCA of Bridge Load Tests

Monitoring and Load Testing of Court Street Bridge

Load Testing for Bridge Rating: Route 22 Over Swamp River


Bridge Management and Infrastructure Health

Introduction

Bridge Management Strategies and SHM

Deterioration

Inspection

Maintenance

Repair

Bridge Management Tools and SHM


Life-Cycle Analysis and Infrastructure Health

Introduction

Bridge Life Cycle Cost Analysis

Bridge Life Cycle Benefit Analysis

Bridge Lifespan Analysis

Interrelationship of BLCCA, BLCBA, and BLSA

Use of BLCA in Decision Making

SHM Role in BLCCA, BLCBA, and BLSA

Generalized Approach to LCA


Role of Structural Health Monitoring in Enhancing Bridge Security

Introduction

Concept of 4Ds

Security-Specific Technology and SHM Utilization

SHM-Specific Techniques and Bridge Security

Decision Making: Prioritization

Life Cycle Analysis

Concluding Remarks


Appendices

 
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