Electromagnetic Fields in Biological Systems

Electromagnetic Fields in Biological Systems

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Features

    • Presents the contributions of a panel of international experts
    • Examines the interaction of electromagnetic fields and waves with biological systems
    • Spans a variety of topics, from static fields to terahertz waves
    • Focuses on induced fields and absorbed energy
    • Spotlights advanced experimental and computational techniques

    Summary

    As wireless technology becomes more sophisticated and accessible to more users, the interactions of electromagnetic fields with biological systems have captured the interest not only of the scientific community but also the general public. Unintended or deleterious biological effects of electromagnetic fields and radiation may indicate grounds for health and safety precautions in their use. Spanning static fields to terahertz waves, Electromagnetic Fields in Biological Systems explores the range of consequences these fields have on the human body.

    With contributions by an array of experts, topics discussed include:

    • Essential interactions and field coupling phenomena, highlighting their importance in research on biological effects and in scientific, industrial, and medical applications
    • Electric field interactions in cells, focusing on ultrashort, pulsed high-intensity fields
    • The effect of exposure to naturally occurring and human-made static, low-frequency, and pulsed magnetic fields in biological systems
    • Dosimetry or coupling of extremely low frequency (ELF) fields into biological systems and the historical developments and recent trends in numerical dosimetry
    • Mobile communication devices and the dosimetry or coupling of radiofrequency (RF) radiation into the human body
    • Exposure and dosimetry associated with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and spectroscopy
    • Available data on the interaction of terahertz radiation with biological tissues, cells, organelles, and molecules

    There is great potential for communication, industrial, scientific, and medical use of electromagnetic fields and radiation. To help advance knowledge of the biological effects of such fields and to exploit their potential medical applications, this book highlights critical issues relating to their effects on living systems.

    Table of Contents

    Coupling of Electromagnetic Fields into Biological Systems, James C. Lin
    Physical Laws Governing Electromagnetic Phenomena
    Electromagnetic Properties of Tissue
    Electromagnetic Phenomena at Tissue Interfaces
    Static Electric and Magnetic Fields
    Time-Varying Electromagnetic Fields
    Low-Frequency and Quasistatic Electric and Magnetic Fields
    Propagation of Electromagnetic Energy from Antennas
    Coupling of Quasistatic Electric and Magnetic Fields
    Radiofrequency Fields and Energy Deposition
    Radiofrequency Dosimetry and Energy Absorption in Anatomical Models
    Coupling of Short and Ultra-Wideband Pulses into the Human Body
    Coupling of Millimeter and Terahertz Waves

    Pulsed Electric Fields in Biological Cells and Membranes, R. P. Joshi and K. H. Schoenbach
    Interaction of Electric Fields with Living Cells
    Modeling Electric Fields in Cells
    Temperature Changes Due to Electric Pulsing
    Role of the Biological Dielectric Properties
    Extracting Parameters from Cell Suspensions

    Static, Low-Frequency, and Pulsed Magnetic Fields in Biological Systems, Shoogo Ueno and Hideyuki Okano
    Mechanisms of Biological Effects and Biomagnetic Phenomena of Magnetic Fields
    Experimental Studies on Magnetic Field Effects
    Response of Plants and Microorganisms to Magnetic Fields

    Interaction of Extremely Low–Frequency Electromagnetic Fields with Biological Systems, Tsukasa Shigemitsu and Kenichi Yamazaki
    EMF and Biological Systems
    Numerical Dosimetry Approaches
    Development of Modeling of the Human Body
    Coupling and Dosimetry of ELF EMF with Biological Systems

    Mobile Communication Fields in Biological Systems, Konstantina S. Nikita and Asimina Kiourti
    Numerical Dosimetry
    Experimental Dosimetry
    Exposure Assessment

    Medical Devices and Systems Exposure and Dosimetry, N. Leitgeb
    Medical Therapy
    Medical Diagnosis
    Electromagnetic Compatibility

    Terahertz Radiation: Sources, Applications, and Biological Effects, Gerald J. Wilmink and Jessica E. Grundt 
    Terahertz Sources: Conventional and State-of-the-Art
    Terahertz Applications
    Terahertz Skin Interactions
    Biological Effects at a Cellular and Biomolecular Level

    Index

    Editor Bio(s)

    Dr. James C. Lin is a professor of electrical engineering, bioengineering, physiology, and biophysics at the University of Illinois in Chicago, where he has served as head of the Bioengineering Department, director of the Robotics and Automation Laboratory, and director of special projects in the College of Engineering.

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