Magnetorheological Fluid Technology

Magnetorheological Fluid Technology: Applications in Vehicle Systems

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  • Provides examples of practical applications for commercial and passenger vehicles
  • Introduces the physical phenomena and properties of MR fluids with potential applications
  • Covers control methodologies and the hysteresis identification of MR fluid
  • Presents optimal design methods
  • Includes case studies and examples


Magnetorheological Fluid Technology: Applications in Vehicle Systems compiles the authors’ recent work involving the application of magnetorheological (MR) fluids and other smart materials in vehicles. It collects concepts that have previously been scattered in peer-reviewed international journals.

After introducing the physical phenomena and properties of MR fluids, the book presents control methodologies for effectively controlling vehicle devices and systems featuring MR fluids. The authors also introduce the hysteresis identification of MR fluid and discuss its application through the adoption of the Preisach and polynomial models. They then describe the application of MR-equipped suspension systems in passenger, tracked, and railway vehicles; the application of MR brake systems in passenger vehicles, motorcycles, and bicycles; and the application of several MR technologies in heavy vehicles. The final chapter explores the use of haptic technologies for easily operating vehicle instruments and achieving optimal gear shifting with accelerator pedals.

Assuming some technical and mathematical background in vibration, dynamics, and control, this book is designed for scientists and engineers looking to create new devices or systems for vehicles featuring controllable MR fluids. It is also suitable for graduate students who are interested in the dynamic modeling and control methodology of vehicle devices and systems associated with MR fluid technology.

Table of Contents

Magnetorheological (MR) Fluid
Physical Properties
Potential Applications

Control Strategies
Semi-Active Control
PID Control
LQ Control
Sliding Mode Control

Hysteretic Behaviors of MR Fluid
Preisach Hysteresis Model Identification
Polynomial Hysteresis Model Identification
Some Final Thoughts

MR Suspension System for Passenger Vehicles
Optimal Design
Damping Force Control
Full-Vehicle Test
Some Final Thoughts

MR Suspension System for Tracked and Railway Vehicles
Tracked Vehicles
Railway Vehicles
Some Final Thoughts

MR Applications for Vibration and Impact Control
MR Engine Mount
MR Impact Damper
Some Final Thoughts

MR Brake System
Bidirectional MR Brake
Torsional MR Brake
Some Final Thoughts

MR Applications for Heavy Vehicles
MR Fan Clutch
MR Seat Damper
Some Final Thoughts

Haptic Applications for Vehicles
Multifunctional MR Control Knob
MR Haptic Cue Accelerator
Some Final Thoughts


References appear at the end of each chapter.

Editorial Reviews

"This book is very useful to a wide range of readers, such as senior postgraduates, postgraduates, junior researchers, industry engineers, and academics. ... It will make an immediate contribution to the development and implementation of MR devices in vehicle applications."
—Weihua Li, University of Wollongong, Australia

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