Aerosols Handbook

Aerosols Handbook: Measurement, Dosimetry, and Health Effects, Second Edition

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Features

  • Covers a range of topics in aerosol science, from chemical and biological properties to epidemiology
  • Addresses the rapidly changing aspects of aerosol science
  • Discusses important issues related to the safety of nanoparticles
  • Offers new ideas on measuring aerosol surface area concentration and assessing the true effectiveness of respirators
  • Provides in-depth coverage of radioactive aerosols, including radon, thoron, and long-lived radionuclides
  • Presents research that has implications on safety regulations, particularly in industries involving nanotechnology
  • Emphasizes the health effects of aerosols
  • Includes more than 180 illustrations and 70 tables

Summary

With the rapid growth of the nanotechnology industry, the need to understand the biological effects of aerosol exposure has become increasingly important. Featuring contributions by leading experts in the field, Aerosols Handbook: Measurement, Dosimetry, and Health Effects, Second Edition offers an up-to-date overview of many aspects of aerosols, from properties to health effects and epidemiology.

Covering indoor, outdoor, industrial, medical, pharmaceutical, and radioactive aerosols, this book explores aerosol dosimetry by defining terms such as exposure and dose. In addition, it looks at nanometer particles, the mechanism of aerosol deposition in the lungs, and modeling deposition with a corresponding uncertainty in risk assessment. The text also emphasizes the importance of accurate aerosol measurements, particularly breathing zone exposure assessments.

Examining radioactive aerosols, the book discusses lessons learned from nuclear accidents, radon and thoron, and long-lived radionuclides in the environment. It brings together research on both radioactive and nonradioactive aerosols, supplying readers with a more complete view of how aerosols behave in the lungs.

New in This Edition

  • Five new chapters that address the safety of nanomaterials, dealing with nanoparticle cell penetration, high aspect ratio nanomaterials, nanoaerosols in drug delivery, risk assessment, and health effects
  • New chapters on atmospheric pollution related to climate change, chemical analyses of particle filter deposits, and classical nucleation theory
  • New data on measurement, dosimetry, and health effects

Updated throughout, this second edition continues to be an essential resource for those who study exposure, dosages, and toxicity to develop treatments for exposure, reduce air pollution, and establish better safety regulations, particularly in industries using nanotechnologies.

Table of Contents

Medical and Pharmaceutical Aerosols
Stephen Marek, Hugh D.C. Smyth, Lucila Garcia-Contreras, Daniel J. Cooney, Robert J. Garmise, Latarsha D. Jones, and Anthony J. Hickey

Breathing Zone Exposure Assessment
Charles E. Rodes and Jonathan W. Thornburg

Mechanisms of Particle Deposition
Jacky A. Rosati, Kristin K. Isaacs, and Ted B. Martonen

Aerosol Dose
Lev S. Ruzer, Michael G. Apte, and Richard G. Sextro

Modeling Deposition of Inhaled Particles
Kristin K. Isaacs, Jacky A. Rosati, and Ted B. Martonen

Aerosol Chemistry and Physics: An Indoor Perspective
Lara A. Gundel and Hugo Destaillats

NEW - Chemical Analyses of Particle Filter Deposits
Judith C. Chow and John G. Watson

Health Effects of Ambient Ultrafine Particles
Beverly S. Cohen

NEW - Nanoparticle Cell Penetration
Steven M. Hankin and Craig A. Poland

NEW - High Aspect Ratio Nanomaterials: Characterization and Toxicology
Steven M. Hankin and Craig A. Poland

NEW - Research and Development of a New Safe Form of Drugs
T.G. Tolstikova, A.A. Onischuk, I.V. Sorokina, A.M. Baklanov, V.V. Karasev, V.V. Boldyrev, V.M. Fomin, T. Tolstikova, M. Khvostov, A. Bryzgalov, and G. Tolstikov

Bioaerosols
Janet M. Macher, Jeroen Douwes, Brad Prezant, and Tiina Reponen

NEW - Atmospheric Pollution Related to Climate Change
George D. Thurston and Michelle L. Bell

NEW - Health Effects of Metals in Ambient Air Particular Matter
Morton Lippmann

Radioactive Aerosols
Lev S. Ruzer

NEW - Unattached Fraction of Radon Progeny as an Experimental Tool in the Assessment of the Risk of Nanoparticles
Lev S. Ruzer

Filtration and Sampling of Aerosols by Fibrous Filters
A.K. Budyka, A.A. Kirsch, and B.I. Ogorodnikov

Radioactive Aerosols of Chernobyl Accident
A.K. Budyka and B.I. Ogorodnikov

NEW - Classical Nucleation Theory: Account of Dependence of the Surface Tension on Curvature and Translation-Rotation Correction Factor
S.V. Vosel, A.A. Onischuk, P.A. Purtov, and T.G. Tolstikova

Radioactive Aerosol Standards
Lev S. Ruzer, Yu.V. Kuznetzov, V.L. Kustova, D.E. Fertman, and A.I. Rizin

Radon and Thoron in the Environment: Concentrations and Lung Cancer Risk
Naomi H. Harley

Inhalation of the Long-Lived Radionuclides Uranium, Thorium, and Fallout Plutonium in the Atmosphere
Isabel M. Fisenne

Health Effects of Aerosols: Mechanisms and Epidemiology
Ira B. Tager

Index

Editor Bio(s)

Lev S. Ruzer has been a researcher in the Indoor Environment Department, Environmental Energy Technologies Division, at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory since 1989. He has published more than 130 papers, two books as an editor (in English), and three books as an author (one in English and two in Russian). He also holds three patents. Under his supervision as the founder and chairman of Aerosol Laboratory at the Institute of Physico-Technical and Radiotechnical Measurements in Moscow, the set of installations for generating and measuring different types of aerosols was certified as a State Standard of Aerosols in the USSR.

Naomi H. Harley is a professor in the Department of Environmental Medicine at New York University. Dr. Harley was elected a council member to the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements (NCRP) in 1982 and was made an honorary member in 2000. She is an advisor to the United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation (UNSCEAR). Dr. Harley has authored over 150 journal publications and six book chapters, and has four patents for radiation detection instrumentation. The most recent patent, issued in 2004, was for a miniature passive radon and thoron detector.

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