Fungal Cell Wall

Fungal Cell Wall: Structure, Synthesis, and Assembly, Second Edition

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Features

  • Covers the structure, synthesis, and growth of the fungal cell wall
  • Explores why the cell wall is important to the survival of fungi
  • Synthesizes research advances in fungal cell wall research from the last 20 years
  • Examines how the fungal cell wall constitutes an important pathogenicity and virulence factor, acts as an important immunogen, and plays a decisive role in the establishment of the pathogen in its host
  • Discusses the role of the cell wall in interactions between pathogenic fungi and their hosts
  • Includes a comprehensive bibliography that provides insight into the historical development of current trends and ideas
  • Contains numerous black-and-white illustrations and a four-page color insert

Summary

Fungal Cell Wall: Structure, Synthesis, and Assembly, Second Edition is a compendium of information on the chemical structure, synthesis, and organization of the cell wall of fungi. Reviewing the past 20 years of research in the field, it discusses experimental evidence that demonstrates the role of the cell wall in the growth, development, morphogenesis, and evolution of fungi.

Synthesizes 20 Years of Important Research on Fungal Cell Walls

More than just a revision, this second edition offers a fresh perspective on what is currently known about the fungal cell wall. It covers recent developments, conflicting theories, and important aspects that are largely forgotten—including critical analysis of the prevalent idea that cell walls from all fungal species have the same basic structure, organization, and behavior as the most popular models of study.

Chapters are self-contained and can be read independently, allowing readers to delve into specific topics. The book begins by examining the chemical composition and structure of the fungal cell wall, an area almost closed to modern research. It then describes the structure and synthesis of the most important components of the cell wall and analyzes the mechanisms of cell wall expansion and growth. Throughout, the book identifies the basic concepts that have led to modern ideas about cell walls.

The Essential Guide to the Fungal Cell Wall

A critical review of fungal cell wall research, this book helps readers understand the role of fungi in nature—both positive and negative—from their symbiotic associations and biotechnological applications to their pathogenicity to plants, animals, and humans.

Table of Contents

Introduction

Cell wall composition
Cell wall composition
Differentiation of the cell wall chemical composition

Structure of the fungal cell wall
Methods for the study of cell wall structure
Organization of the cell wall
The cell wall surface
Microfibrilar structure of the cell wall
Associations of the components of the cell wall
Mechanical characteristics of the fungal cell wall

Chitin
Structure of chitin
Chitin distribution in nature
Chitin biosynthesis
Inhibitors of chitin synthases
Cytology of chitin biosynthesis

Chitosan
General characteristics and distribution of chitosan
The functions of chitosan
Chitosan biosynthesis and genetic control and phylogenetic relationships of chitin deacetylases

Fungal glucans
Structure of glucans
Role of fungal glucans
Synthesis of glucans
Other glycosyl transferases involved in the synthesis of β-glucans
Synthesis of β-1,6-glucans
Synthesis of α-1,3-glucans

Proteins
Chemical structure of glycoproteins
Different classes of covalently bound glycoproteins
Biosynthesis of glycoproteins
Synthesis of GPI-proteins
Nonclassical protein secretion

Cytological aspects of cell wall synthesis
Synthesis of secretory and membrane-bound proteins
Translocation of proteins to the endoplasmic reticulum
The importance of protein glycosylation in translocation
Transfer of proteins along the endomembrane system
The secretion mechanism in filamentous fungi
The Spitzenkörper
Vesicles and chitosomes in fungal cell wall growth
The porosome

Cell wall growth and expansion
Expansion of the cell wall
Polarization of cell wall synthesis and apical growth

Index

Chapters include an Introduction and References.

Author Bio(s)

José Ruiz-Herrera, Ph.D., is Professor Emeritus in the Department of Genetic Engineering at the Center for Research and Advanced Studies of the National Polytechnic Institute, Mexico (Irapuato Unit). He has been the recipient of important awards, among which the following may be cited: Award of the Academy of Scientific Research, Mexico; Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla Award from the Congress of the State of Guanajuato, Mexico; Elsevier/Scopus/Science and Technology Council of the State of Guanajuato Award; the Ruth Allen Award of the American Phytopathological Society; and the National Award in Sciences from the Mexican Government. He is a member of several scientific societies, having served as president of the Mexican Society for Microbiology and the Mexican Society for Biochemistry, and has served on many scientific committees. He is a reviewer for several prestigious journals and serves or has served as associate editor for some of them. Dr. Ruiz-Herrera has published more than 220 articles in international journals and presented over 230 lectures.

 
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