Wireless and Guided Wave Electromagnetics

Wireless and Guided Wave Electromagnetics: Fundamentals and Applications

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Features

  • Describes the fundamental features of wireless radiation and guided wave electromagnetics
  • Emphasizes applications in optical communication systems and networks
  • Presents MATLAB® and Simulink® models to help simulate and illustrate electromagnetic fields
  • Gives examples of the design of antenna for wireless communications and the design of optical fibers for ultra-high-speed optical communication systems
  • Contains numerous worked examples, laboratory exercises, and problem sets
  • Includes more than 165 illustrations
  • Offers software packages, including executable files and sources for various types of waveguides, available for download

Summary

Wireless communications allow high-speed mobile access to a global Internet based on ultra-wideband backbone intercontinental and terrestrial networks. Both of these environments support the carrying of information via electromagnetic waves that are wireless (in free air) or guided through optical fibers. Wireless and Guided Wave Electromagnetics: Fundamentals and Applications explores the fundamental aspects of electromagnetic waves in wireless media and wired guided media. This is an essential subject for engineers and physicists working with communication technologies, mobile networks, and optical communications.

This comprehensive book:

  • Builds from the basics to modern topics in electromagnetics for wireless and optical fiber communication
  • Examines wireless radiation and the guiding of optical waves, which are crucial for carrying high-speed information in long-reach optical networking scenarios
  • Explains the physical phenomena and practical aspects of guiding optical waves that may not require detailed electromagnetic solutions
  • Explores applications of electromagnetic waves in optical communication systems and networks based on frequency domain transfer functions in the linear regions, which simplifies the physical complexity of the waves but still allows them to be examined from a system engineering perspective
  • Uses MATLAB® and Simulink® models to simulate and illustrate the electromagnetic fields
  • Includes worked examples, laboratory exercises, and problem sets to test understanding

The book’s modular structure makes it suitable for a variety of courses, for self-study, or as a resource for research and development. Throughout, the author emphasizes issues commonly faced by engineers. Going a step beyond traditional electromagnetics textbooks, this book highlights specific uses of electromagnetic waves with a focus on the wireless and optical technologies that are increasingly important for high-speed transmission over very long distances.

Table of Contents

Electric and Magnetic Fields and Waves
Brief Overview
Wave Representation
Maxwell’s Equations
Maxwell Equations in Dielectric Media
Current Continuity
Lossless TEM Waves
Maxwell’s Equations in Time-Harmonic and Phasor Forms
Plane Waves
Reference

Electrical Transmission Lines
Model of Time-Harmonic Waves on Transmission Lines
Terminated Transmission Lines
Smith Chart
Impedance Matching
Equipment
Concluding Remarks
Problems/Questions on Transmission Line–Transmission and Reflection
Problems on Transmission Lines 1
Problems on Transmission Lines 2
Problems on Transmission Lines 3 Using the Smith Chart
Reference

Antennae
Introduction
Radiating Fields
Antenna Figure of Merit
Experiment
Concluding Remarks
Appendix: Metallic Waveguide
Problems
References

Planar Optical Waveguides
Introduction
Formation of Planar Single-Mode Waveguide Problems
Approximate Analytical Methods of Solution
Design and Simulations of Planar Optical Waveguides: Experiments
Appendix: Exact Analysis of Clad Linear Optical Waveguides
Appendix: WKB Method, Turning Points, and Connection Formulae
Problems
References

Three-Dimensional Optical Waveguides
Introduction
Marcatilli’s Method
Effective Index Method
Finite Difference Numerical Techniques for 3D Waveguides
Mode Modeling of Rib Waveguides
Conclusions
References

Optical Fibers: Single- and Few-Mode Structures and Guiding Properties
Optical Fibers: Circular Optical Waveguides
Special Fibers
Nonlinear Optical Effects
Optical Fiber Manufacturing and Cabling
Concluding Remarks
Problems
Appendix: Technical Specification of Corning Single-Mode Optical Fibers
References

Optical Fiber Operational Parameters
Introductory Remarks
Signal Attenuation in Optical Fibers
Signal Distortion in Optical Fibers
Advanced Optical Fibers: Dispersion-Shifted, -Flattened, and -Compensated Optical Fibers
Propagation of Optical Signals in Optical Fiber Transmission Line: Split-Step Fourier Method
Appendix: Program Listings for Design of Standard Single-Mode Fiber
Appendix: Program Listings of the Design of Non-Zero-Dispersion-Shifted Fiber
Problems
References

Guided Wave Optical Transmission Lines: Transfer Functions
Transfer Function of Single-Mode Fibers
Fiber Nonlinearity
Nonlinear Fiber Transfer Functions and Application in Compensations
Concluding Remarks
Appendix: Program Listings of Split-Step Fourier Method (SSFM) with Nonlinear SPM Effect and Raman Gain Distribution
Appendix: Program Listings of an Initialization File
References

Fourier Guided Wave Optics
Abbreviations
Introduction
Background: Fourier Transformation
Guided Wave Wavelet Transformer
Optical Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing
Nyquist Orthogonal Channels for Tbps Optical Transmission Systems
Design of Optical Waveguides for Optical FFT and IFFT
Concluding Remarks
Appendix: AWG Specifications
References

Appendix: Vector Analysis

Index

Author Bio(s)

Le Nguyen Binh is a technical director at the European Research Center of Huawei Technologies in Munich, Germany. He is the editor, author, or coauthor of eight books in optics and photonics, including:

Editorial Reviews

"The teaching and learning of electromagnetics have in recent years been profoundly influenced by the availability of simple experimental apparatus and very accurate simulation software. This book gives a detailed overview of the main application areas of electromagnetics especially tailored for electrical engineering students. In particular, the book covers a wide range of topics in electromagnetics ranging from guided waves to radiated waves."
—Malin Premaratne, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, Australia

"This book merges a systematic rigorous mathematical approach with a solid and clear physical view of the electromagnetic phenomena. The book is structured in a very student-oriented way: the chapters can be introduced in different order according to the needs of students and/or instructors. ... an essential guide for engineers and/or practitioners."
—Prof. Ing. Antonio Orlandi, Dipartimento di Ingegneria Industriale e dell'Informazione e di Economia, University of L’Aquila, Rome, Italy

 
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