Catastrophic Disaster Planning and Response

Catastrophic Disaster Planning and Response

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Features

  • Offers the guidance of a recognized expert in emergency management
  • Explains how to effectively plan for and manage the consequences of a catastrophe
  • Aligns with the catastrophic readiness and response course currently under development by the FEMA/EMI Higher Education Program
  • Includes learning objectives, key terms, and discussion questions in each chapter
  • Was one of only two books utilized by the U.S. Coast Guard in their elite 2010 Flag Office/SES Executive Change Leadership Program curriculum

Instructor’s Guide and Test Bank Questions are available upon qualified course adoption

Summary

Presenting cutting-edge domestic and international approaches, Catastrophic Disaster Planning and Response explains how to effectively plan for and manage the consequences of a catastrophe. Recognizing that a business-as-usual approach to preparing for and responding to such events is doomed to fail, the book fills a gap in emergency management education. It introduces the many considerations that influence how we plan for and respond to large-scale catastrophes and how it differs from preparing for smaller-scale emergencies.

Written by a recognized expert in emergency management, this volume is a thorough study of the planning process and response procedures for catastrophic disasters. Topics discussed include:

  • The history of catastrophic events, both in and outside the United States
  • How catastrophes differ from disasters and emergencies and how they are all part of the emergency management continuum
  • The varying definitions of catastrophes and their political and societal implications
  • The main ethical and value dilemmas that one will likely face before, during, and after a catastrophe
  • The legal framework associated with government response to catastrophes
  • The post-catastrophic environment that an emergency manager might experience, with a focus on logistics, critical infrastructure, mass care, and mass evacuation
  • Planning strategies and skills an emergency manager can employ to mitigate the effects of such an event
  • The use of crisis leadership skills and how to lead and influence others in a catastrophic situation

Recent major events provide valuable lessons that demonstrate the characteristics of a catastrophic disaster, the special issues of response and recovery, and the necessary preparation on international, national, and local levels. Offering best practices using recent real-world case studies, the book provides a foundation for continued study and critical reflection.

Catastrophic Disaster Planning and Response is one of only two books utilized by the U.S. Coast Guard (USCG) in their elite 2010 Flag Office/SES Executive Change Leadership Program (ECL) curriculum. The ECL program develops the executive leadership skills of USCG Admiral-selects awaiting Senate confirmation, as well as members of the Department of Homeland Security's federal Senior Executive Service (SES), which in 2010 included representatives from the U.S. Secret Service, the Transportation Security Administration, Immigration and Customs Enforcement, the U.S. Border Patrol, Citizenship and Immigration Services, and FEMA.

Readily adaptable for classroom use, this cutting-edge professional reference provides qualifying instructors with access to teaching materials and a test bank.

Table of Contents

SECTION I: INTRODUCTION TO CATASTROPHIC PLANNING AND RESPONSE
The Definition and History of Catastrophes

Learning Objectives
Key Terms and Phrases
Definition of Catastrophe
Continuum of Magnitude
Brief Examples of Historical Catastrophes
Potential Catastrophe Effects on US Emergency Management
Culture and Definitions of Catastrophe
The Big Picture
Discussion Questions
References
How Catastrophes Differ from Disasters
Learning Objectives
Key Terms and Phrases
Overview
Introduction to Catastrophe Response Planning
Past and Future Catastrophes: Their Etiologies and Challenges
Potential Future Catastrophes
Factors Common in Catastrophes
Discussion Questions
References
SECTION II: ETHICAL, POLITICAL, AND LEGAL ISSUES
Ethics
Learning Objectives
Key Terms and Phrases
An Introduction to Catastrophic Ethics
Defining Ethics
Ethical Duties Related to Professional Roles
The Moral Community: How It Is Defined in Terms of Catastrophic Response and Readiness
Competing Ethical Theories and Frameworks
Utilitarian Catastrophic Response
Deontological Perspectives: Duties and Principles to Govern
Catastrophic Planning and Response
Environmental Ethics
Virtue Ethics and Catastrophic Response
Nongovernmental Organization (NGO) Ethical Dilemmas
Discussion Questions
References
Political and Legal Issues
Learning Objectives
Key Terms and Phrases
Overview
FEMA Comprehensive Preparedness Guide
The National Incident Management System (NIMS)
The National Response Framework (NRF)
Principles of Federalism and Exceptions to Federalism
Intergovernmental Collaboration: A Cornerstone of Effective Catastrophic Planning and Response
Federal Government Plans for Catastrophe
Readiness and Response
Ensuring Enduring Federal and State
Constitutional Governments
Local Government Comprehensive Emergency Response Plans
The Political Structure of the US Emergency Management System
Use of National Guard or Other Military Forces in Catastrophe Response
Potential Federal System Breakdowns in Hypothetical Future Catastrophic Events
State Government Legal Powers during a Catastrophe
State Legal Protection Laws for Volunteers
Political Implications of Catastrophes at Various
Governmental and Political Levels
Legal Issues Involving Governmental Powers for
Catastrophe Response and Reconstruction
Political and Legal Change That Can Result from Catastrophes
Challenges of Interjurisdictional Partnerships
Discussion Questions
Further Readings
References
SECTION III: OPERATIONAL ISSUES
Logistics
Learning Objectives
Key Terms and Phrases
Overview
The Concept of Convergence
Logistics in Disasters Compared to Catastrophes
Challenges to Critical Resource Provision
Social and Cultural Context
Discussion Questions
References
Critical Infrastructure/Key Resources (CI/KR)
Learning Objectives
Key Terms and Phrases
Introduction
Overview of Critical Infrastructure and Key Resources (CI/KR)
CI/KR Protection
Effects of a Catastrophe on Infrastructure
Critical Infrastructure Needs of Responders
Prioritization of Restoration of Critical Infrastructure
Discussion Questions
Further Readings
Mass Care: Public Health
Learning Objectives
Key Terms and Phrases
Introduction
Role of Public Health
Basic Vocabulary
Infectious Disease Vocabulary
Disease Control Mechanisms
Catastrophes and Public Health
Public Health Priorities
Infrastructure and Support Needed for Public Health
Role of Surge Capacity Planning in Catastrophes
Emergency Management: Public Health
Collaboration in Catastrophes
Discussion Questions
References
Mass Evacuation and Relocation
Learning Objectives
Key Terms and Phrases
Introduction
Defining Mass Relocation
Complexity and Causation
Understanding Mass Relocation
Historic Perspective of Catastrophes and Mass Relocation
Global Climate Changes and Mass Relocation
Defining the Displaced
Human Rights Dimensions of Mass Relocation
Mass Relocation and the Legal Status of the Displaced
Identifying the Potentially Displaced
Mass Relocation as Mitigation
Social Vulnerability
Demographic Movement
Continua of Displacement
Displacement and Loss
Involuntary Displacement and Recovery
Resettlement
Impoverishment Risks and Reconstruction Model
Responsible Agencies in Mass Relocation
Resettlement Action Plan
The Near Future
Discussion Questions
References
SECTION IV: PLANNING STRATEGIES AND SKILLS: RESPONSE, RECOVERY, AND RECONSTRUCTION
Response Planning
Learning Objectives
Key Terms and Phrases
Risk Management System for Catastrophe Response
Importance of Flexibility in Catastrophe Response
Strategic Thinking with Regard to Catastrophe Response
US Catastrophic Response Assistance Framework
Planning Needs for Management of Voluntary Responders
Methods of Integrating International Responders into the Response Effort
Systemic Differences between Disasters and Catastrophes
Integration Strategies
Planning Issues Related to Managing of Mass Casualties
Planning Issues Related to Managing Mass Fatalities
Myths About Planning for Catastrophes
Discussion Questions
References
Recovery and Reconstruction Planning
Learning Objectives
Key Terms and Phrases
Overview
Issues Faced Following a Catastrophe
Defining Catastrophe Recovery
Elements of Recovery
Catastrophic Recovery Process
Stakeholders and Their Roles in Recovery
US Disaster/Catastrophic Recovery Assistance Framework
FEMA’s Environmental Planning and Historic
Preservation (EHP) Program
Rules and Understanding of Local Needs
Timing of Catastrophic Assistance
Horizontal and Vertical Integration
Catastrophe Recovery Planning
Catastrophic Recovery Plan
Discussion Questions
References
SECTION V: ESSENTIAL LEADERSHIP SKILLS FOR SUCCESSFUL CATASTROPHE MANAGEMENT
Essential Leadership Skills for Successful Catastrophe Management
Learning Objectives
Key Terms and Phrases
Overview
Introduction
The Need for Skilled Crisis Leaders
Defining/Measuring Crises
Organizational Crisis Scenarios
Defining Leadership
Leadership’s Role in a Crisis
Preparing for Crisis
Leading during a Crisis
Recovery and Rebuilding
What Leaders Can Do to Take Care of
Themselves during a Crisis
Discussion Questions
References
EPILOGUE
INDEX

Author Bio(s)

Clifford Oliver, CEM, CBCP, is a member of the Federal Senior Executive Service and is director of the Acquisition Program and Planning Branch in FEMA’s Acquisition Management Division. Prior to occupying this position, he held numerous management and senior technical positions within FEMA, including overseeing the temporary housing program during Hurricanes Katrina and Rita emergency responses. He is also an adjunct professor at the University of Maryland, University College in the Homeland Security and Emergency Management programs. He has BS and MS degrees from the University of Maryland and is currently pursuing his Ph.D.

Editorial Reviews

This volume is a thorough study of the planning process and response procedures for catastrophic disasters. Topics discussed include: the history of catastrophic events, both in and outside the United States; how catastrophes differ from disasters and emergencies and how they are all part of the emergency management continuum; the varying definitions of catastrophes and their political and societal implications; the main ethical and value dilemmas that one will likely face before, during, and after a catastrophe; the legal framework associated with government response to catastrophes; the post-catastrophic environment that an emergency manager might experience, with a focus on logistics, critical infrastructure, mass care, and mass evacuation; planning strategies and skills an emergency manager can employ to mitigate the effects of such an event; and the use of crisis leadership skills and how to lead and influence others in a catastrophic situation.
—In MCEER, June 2011