Multiphase Flows with Droplets and Particles, Second Edition

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Features

    • Outlines examples of multiphase flows in industrial and energy conversion processes to illustrate the wide application of this technology
    • Introduces definitions of dispersed phase flows, which apply specifically to particle or droplet flows
    • Addresses particle-fluid interaction, particle-particle interaction, particle-wall interaction, and the application of this information in the development of numerical models.
    • Revisits the continuum concept applied to multiphase flows
    • Highlights current methods for modeling turbulence in dispersed phase flows
    • Presents the fundamental ideas underlying the application of DNS and LES to dispersed phase flows
    • Examines several of the most common measurement techniques, their capabilities, and the limitations of their applications

    A solutions manual is available upon qualifying course adoption.

    Summary

    Since the publication of the first edition of Multiphase Flow with Droplets and Particles, there have been significant advances in science and engineering applications of multiphase fluid flow. Maintaining the pedagogical approach that made the first edition so popular, this second edition provides a background in this important area of fluid mechanics to those new to the field and a resource to those actively involved in the design and development of multiphase systems.

    See what’s new in the Second Edition:

    • Chapter on the latest developments in carrier-phase turbulence
    • Extended chapter on numerical modeling that includes new formulations for turbulence and Reynolds stress models
    • Review of the fundamental equations and the validity of the traditional "two-fluid" approach
    • Expanded exercises and a solutions manual

    A quick look at the table of contents supplies a snapshot of the breadth and depth of coverage found in this completely revised and updated text. Suitable for a first-year graduate (5th year) course as well as a reference for engineers and scientists, the book is clearly written and provides an essential presentation of key topics in the study of gas-particle and gas-droplet flows.

    Table of Contents

    Introduction
    Industrial Applications
    Energy Conversion and Propulsion
    Fire Suppression and Control
    Summary

    Properties of Dispersed Phase Flows
    Concept of a Continuum
    Density and Volume Fraction
    Particle or Droplet Spacing
    Response Times
    Stokes Number
    Dilute versus Dense Flows
    Phase Coupling
    Properties of an Equilibrium Mixture
    Summary
    Exercises

    Size Distribution
    Discrete Size Distributions
    Continuous Size Distributions
    Statistical Parameters
    Frequently Used Size Distributions
    Summary
    Exercises

    Particle-Fluid Interaction
    Single-Particle Equations
    Mass Coupling
    Linearmomentumcoupling
    Energy Coupling
    Summary
    Exercises

    Particle-Particle Interaction
    Particle-Particle Interaction
    Particle-Wall Interaction
    Summary
    Exercises

    Continuous Phase Equations
    Averaging Procedures
    Volume Averaging
    Property Flux Through a Particle Cloud
    Volume-Averaged Conservation Equations
    Equation Summary
    Summary
    Exercises

    Turbulence
    Review of Turbulence in Single-Phase Flow
    Turbulence Modulation by Particles
    Review of Modulation Models
    Basic Test Case for Turbulence Models
    Volume-Averaged Turbulence Models
    Application to Experimental Results
    Summary
    Exercises

    Droplet-Particle Cloud Equations
    Discrete Element Method (DEM)
    Discrete Parcel Method (DPM)
    Two-Fluid Model
    PDF Models
    Summary

    Numerical Modeling
    Complete Numerical Simulation
    DNS Models
    LES Models
    VANS Numerical Models
    Summary

    Experimental Methods
    Sampling
    Integral Methods
    Local Measurement Techniques
    Summary
    Exercises

    Appendix A: Single-Particle Equations
    Appendix B: Volume Averaging
    Appendix C: Volume-Averaged Equations
    Appendix D: Turbulence Equations 425
    Appendix E: Brownian Motion
    References
    Nomenclature
    Index

    Author Bio(s)

    Clayton Crowe is Professor Emeritus of Mechanical Engineering at Washington State University. John D. Schwartzkopf is a Research Associate at the Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico. Yutaka Tsuji is a Professor Emeritus of Mechanical Engineering at Osaka University, Japan.