Physical Chemistry: A Modern Introduction, Second Edition

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Features

    • Uses a streamlined approach for quick comprehension
    • Contains new chapters on nanotechnology and surface chemistry
    • Provides computational applications
    • Includes approximately 40 tables, 100 figures and 40 graphs

    A solutions manual is available upon qualified course adoption

      Summary

      Designed for a two-semester introductory course sequence in physical chemistry, Physical Chemistry: A Modern Introduction, Second Edition offers a streamlined introduction to the subject. Focusing on core concepts, the text stresses fundamental issues and includes basic examples rather than the myriad of applications often presented in other, more encyclopedic books. Physical chemistry need not appear as a large assortment of different, disconnected, and sometimes intimidating topics. Instead, students should see that physical chemistry provides a coherent framework for chemical knowledge, from the molecular to the macroscopic level.

      The book offers:

      • Novel organization to foster student understanding, giving students the strongest sophistication in the least amount of time and preparing them to tackle more challenging topics
      • Strong problem-solving emphasis, with numerous end-of-chapter practice exercises, over two dozen in-text worked examples, and a number of clearly identified spreadsheet exercises
      • A quick review in calculus, via an appendix providing the necessary mathematical background for the study of physical chemistry
      • Powerful streamlined development of group theory and advanced topics in quantum mechanics, via appendices covering molecular symmetry and special quantum mechanical approaches

      Table of Contents

      Preface
      Acknowledgments
      Author
      Guide for Students
      List of Special Examples

      World of Atoms and Molecules

      Introduction to Physical Chemistry
      Theory and Experiment in Physical Chemistry
      Atomic and Molecular Energies
      Configurations, Entropy, and Volume
      Energy, Entropy, and Temperature
      Distribution Law Derivation
      Conclusions
      Point of Interest: James Clerk Maxwell
      Exercises
      Bibliography

      Ideal and Real Gases

      The Ideal Gas Laws
      Collisions and Pressure
      Nonideal Behavior
      Thermodynamic State Functions
      Energy and Thermodynamic Relations
      Conclusions
      Point of Interest: Intermolecular Interactions
      Exercises
      Bibliography

      Changes of State

      Pressure–Volume Work
      Reversibility, Heat, and Work
      Entropy
      The Laws of Thermodynamics
      Heat Capacities
      Joule–Thomson Expansion
      Conclusions
      Point of Interest: Heat Capacities of Solids
      Exercises
      Bibliography

      Phases and Multicomponent Systems

      Phases and Phase Diagrams
      The Chemical Potential
      Clapeyron Equation
      First- and Second-Order Phase Transitions
      Conclusions
      Point of Interest: Josiah Willard Gibbs
      Exercises
      Bibliography

      Activity and Equilibrium of Gases and Solutions

      Activities and Fugacities of Gases
      Activities of Solutions
      Vapor Pressure Behavior of Solutions
      Equilibrium Constants
      Phase Equilibria Involving Solutions
      Conclusions.
      Point of Interest: Gilbert Newton Lewis
      Exercises.
      Bibliography

      Chemical Reactions: Kinetics, Dynamics, and Equilibrium

      Reaction of Atoms and Molecules
      Collisions and Transport
      Rate Equations
      Rate Laws for Complex Reactions
      Temperature Dependence and Solvent Effects
      Reaction Thermodynamics
      Electrochemical Reactions
      Conclusions
      Point of Interest: Galactic Reaction Chemistry
      Exercises
      Bibliography

      Vibrational Mechanics of Particle Systems

      Classical Particle Mechanics and Vibration
      Vibration in Several Degrees of Freedom
      Quantum Phenomena and Wave Character
      Quantum Mechanical Harmonic Oscillator
      Harmonic Vibration of Many Particles
      Conclusions
      Point of Interest
      Exercises
      Bibliography

      Molecular Quantum Mechanics

      Quantum Mechanical Operators
      Information from Wavefunctions
      Multidimensional Problems and Separability
      Particles with Box and Step Potentials
      Rigid Rotator and Angular Momentum
      Coupling of Angular Momenta
      Variation Theory
      Perturbation Theory
      Conclusions
      Point of Interest: The Quantum Revolution
      The Solvay Conference
      Exercises
      Bibliography

      Vibrational–Rotational Spectroscopy

      Molecular Spectroscopy and Transitions
      Vibration and Rotation of a Diatomic Molecule
      Vibrational Anharmonicity and Spectra
      Rotational Spectroscopy
      Harmonic Picture of Polyatomic Vibrations
      Polyatomic Vibrational Spectroscopy
      Conclusions
      Point of Interest: Laser Spectroscopy
      Exercises
      Bibliography

      Electronic Structure
      .
      Hydrogen and One-Electron Atoms
      Orbital and Spin Angular Momentum
      Atomic Orbitals and Atomic States
      Molecules and the Born–Oppenheimer Approximation
      Antisymmetrization of Electronic Wavefunctions
      Molecular Electronic Structure
      Visible–Ultraviolet Spectra of Molecules
      Properties and Electronic Structure
      Conclusions
      Point of Interest: John Clarke Slater
      Exercises
      Bibliography
      Advanced Texts and Monographs

      Statistical Mechanics

      Probability
      Ensembles and Arrangements
      Distributions and the Chemical Potential
      Molecular Partition Functions
      Thermodynamic Functions
      Heat Capacities
      Conclusions
      Point of Interest: Lars Onsager
      Exercises
      Bibliography

      Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy

      Nuclear Spin States
      Nuclear Spin–Spin Coupling
      Electron Spin Resonance Spectra
      Extensions of Magnetic Resonance
      Conclusions
      Point of Interest: The NMR Revolution
      Exercises
      Bibliography

      Introduction to Surface Chemistry

      Interfacial Layer and Surface Tension
      Adsorption and Desorption
      Langmuir Theory of Adsorption
      Temperature and Pressure Effects on Surfaces
      Surface Characterization Techniques
      Conclusions
      Point of Interest: Irving Langmuir
      Exercises
      Bibliography

      Appendix A: Mathematical Background

      Appendix B: Molecular Symmetry
      Appendix C: Special Quantum Mechanical Approaches
      Appendix D: Table of Integrals.
      Appendix E: Table of Atomic Masses and Nuclear Spins
      Appendix F: Fundamental Constants and Conversion of Units
      Appendix G: Tables.
      Appendix H: Points of Interest.
      Appendix I: Atomic Masses and Percent Natural Abundance of Light Elements.
      Appendix J: Values of Constants
      Appendix K: The Greek Alphabet
      Answers to Selected Exercises
      Index

      Author Bio(s)

      William M. Davis received his BSc (honors) in chemistry from the University of Western Ontario, London, Canada, and his MSc and PhD from the University of Guelph, Ontario, Canada. He taught lecture and laboratory sections of general, physical, and inorganic chemistry at several Canadian universities before moving to Texas to take up a tenure-track position at The University of Texas at Brownsville, where he taught general, physical, inorganic, analytical, organic, and environmental chemistry for 10 years. In 2008, he moved to Texas Lutheran University, where he is currently an Associate Professor and Chair of Chemistry and holds the George Kieffer Fellowship in Science. Dr. Davis’s research interests include application of computational and analytical chemistry techniques to systems of environmental and biochemical interest.