While it is true that fortune favors the prepared mind, in the field of aviation, it may be equally true that misfortune often punishes an unprepared mind. To be fully prepared, pilots must have comprehensive knowledge of weather, aerodynamics, propulsion, navigation, and all the other technical disciplines. However, they must also have a comprehensive understanding of the component that is simultaneously the most fragile and most resilient, the most unreliable and the most adaptable—the human being.
Aviation Psychology and Human Factors explores the application of psychological principles and techniques to the specific situations and problems of aviation. It provides a complete overview of the role of psychology in the field of aviation. The authors address the contribution of psychology in the design of aviation systems, the selection and training of pilots, the psychological characteristics of pilots that may relate to aviation safety, and to the behavior of passengers. They cover key concepts of psychological research and data analysis at a depth that fosters a greater appreciation of how these tools are used in the development of new psychological knowledge.
A keener understanding of aviation psychology will better prepare pilots for the demands that aviation will make. While many books cover this subject for psychologists, very few, if any present the material to pilots. With balanced coverage that makes the material accessible to both, this book makes pilots aware of the positive impact psychology and its application can have on improving aviation operations, providing specific information that pilots can use in their daily operations. It gives psychologists a better understanding of how their discipline is applied to aviation, while giving pilots the tools to better evaluate and implement future products in the field of aviation psychology.
What Is Aviation Psychology?
What Is Research?
Goals of Psychology
Models and Psychological Constructs
Human Performance Models
Models of Human Information Processing
Models of Accident Causation
Models of Aeronautical Decision Making (ADM)
Research Methods and Statistics
The Research Process
Literature Review and Research Questions
Descriptive Methods and Measurement
Experiments, Quasi-Experiments, and Correlation Research
Design and Validity
Cheating and Fraud in Research
Aviation Psychology, Human Factors, and the Design of Aviation Systems
Types of Human Error
Human Characteristics and Design
Principles of Display Design
An Example: Design of the Fuel Gage
Interacting with the System
Predictors and Criteria
How Can We Know That Predictors Work?
How Well Do the Different Methods Work?
Personality and Job Performance
The Utility of Selection Methods
Fairness in Selection
Training System Design
Crew Resource Management
Training Using Personal Computers
Recurrent Training and Skill Decay
Stress, Human Reactions, and Performance
What Is Stress?
Conflicts between Work and Private Life
Burnout and Engagement
Individual Differences and Stress
Consequences of Stress
The Pains and Pleasures of Air Travel
Unruly Passenger Behavior
Culture, Organizations, and Leadership
Do Organizational Issues Play a Role in Accidents?
What Is Culture?
Women and Aviation
Reorganization and Adapting to New Working Conditions
Causes of Accidents
Classification of Aircraft Accidents
Special Problems in Doing Research on Accidents
Why Are Some Pilots Safer Than Others?
The Decision-Making Component of Accidents
Aeronautical Decision Making
Locus of Control
Risk Perception and Risk Tolerance
Aviation Weather Encounters
Other Programs to Improve Safety
Internet Resources for Pilots
Dr. Monica Martinussen has published over 50 articles on topics related to pilot selection, aviation psychology, stress and burnout, psychometrics, and meta-analysis. Dr. David R. Hunter is the principal investigator for a research program which evaluates countermeasures to motion sickness and sopite syndrome in land vehicles and ocean vessels, as well as a program that develops and evaluates several psychological scales related to the safety of army aviators.