Electrochemistry of Porous Materials

Electrochemistry of Porous Materials

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Features

  • Focuses on the foundations and applications of the electrochemistry of porous materials
  • Incorporates recent developments in the fields of fuel cells and supercapacitors and less publicized topics
  • Provides a singular approach to electrocatalysis for readers working on electrochemical sensing
  • Gives material chemists an accessible approach to electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, a technique widely used in the electrochemistry of nanostructured materials

Summary

Porous materials continue to attract considerable attention because of their wide variety of scientific and technological applications, such as catalysis, shape- and size-selective absorption and adsorption, gas storage, and electrode materials. Both research and applications of porous materials—via electroanalysis, electrosynthesis, sensing, fuel cells, capacitors, electro-optical devices, etc.—heavily rely on electrochemistry.

Electrochemistry of Porous Materials focuses on generalized theoretical modeling and describes redox processes for different porous materials, assessing their electrochemical applications. Considering the large variety of materials that can be classified as porous, the text focuses on nanostructured micro- and mesoporous materials. Using this approach, the book offers a more focused and practical analysis of key porous materials that are considered relatively homogeneous from an electrochemical point of view. These include:

  • Porous silicates and aluminosilicates
  • Porous metal oxides and related compounds
  • Porous polyoxometalates
  • Metal-organic frameworks
  • Porous carbons, nanotubes, and fullerenes
  • Porous polymers and certain hybrid materials

With its detailed presentation of advances in electrochemistry of nanostructured materials, this text specifically addresses the foundation and applications of the electrochemistry of microporous materials. It incorporates the latest breakthroughs in applied fields (development of fuel cells, supercapacitors, etc.) and fundamental research (in areas including fractal scaling, photoelectrocatalysis, magnetoelectrochemistry, etc.).

Designed to make the topic accessible and understandable for researchers and graduate students working in the field of material chemistry, this volume approximates porous materials chemistry to electrochemists. Selective and streamlined, it culls a wide range of relevant and practically useful material from the extensive literature on the subject, making it an invaluable reference for readers of all levels of understanding.

Table of Contents

Porous Materials and Electrochemistry

Porous Materials, Concept, and Classifications

Mixed Porous Materials

Electrochemistry and Porous Materials

Synthesis of Porous Materials

Material-Modified Electrodes

Electrode-Modified Materials

General Electrochemical Considerations

Diffusive Aspects

Voltammetry and Related Techniques

Resistive and Capacitive Effects

Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy

Other Techniques

 

Electrochemical Processes Involving Porous Materials

General Approach

Continuous Layer

Microheterogeneous Deposits

Distribution of Species

Refinements

Fractal Surfaces

 

Electrocatalysis

Electrocatalysis by Surface-Confined Species

Electrocatalysis at Microparticulate Deposits of Porous Materials

Modeling Electrocatalysis at Microheterogeneous Deposits of Porous Materials: the Steady-State Approach

Modeling Electrocatalysis at Microheterogeneous Deposits of Porous Materials: Transient Responses

Electrocatalytic Mechanisms

 

Electrochemistry of Aluminosilicates

Zeolites

Electrochemistry of Zeolite-Associated Species

Topological Redox Isomers

Species Distribution

Mesoporous Materials

Electrochemistry of Related Materials

Speciation: The Maya Blue Problem

 

Electrochemistry of Metal-Organic Frameworks

Ion Insertion–Driven Electrochemistry of MOFs

Metal Deposition Electrochemistry of MOFs

Sensing and Electrocatalysis

 

Electrochemistry of Porous Oxides and Related Materials

Electrochemistry of Metal Oxides and Metal Oxohydroxides

Electrochemistry of Layered Hydroxides and Related Materials

Electrochemistry of POMs

Electrochemistry of Doped Materials

Porous Anodic Metal Oxide Films

Electrocatalysis at Metal Oxides and Related Materials

Site-Characteristic Electrochemistry

 

Electrochemistry of Porous Carbons and Nanotubes

Carbons as Electrochemical Materials

Porous Carbons

Carbon Nanotubes and Nanoribbons

Fullerenes

Direct Electrochemical Synthesis of Fullerenes and Nanotubes

Capacitance Response

Carbon Functionalization

Electrocatalytic Ability

 

Electrochemistry of Porous Polymers and Hybrid Materials

Organic-Inorganic Hybrid Materials and Nanocomposites

Porous Polymers

Hybrid Materials Based on Modification of Conducting Organic Polymers

Hybrid Materials Based on Modification with Conducting Polymers

Electrochemical Monitoring of Polymerization in Hybrid Systems

Dispersion of Metal and Metal Oxide Nanoparticles into Porous Solids

 

Electrochemical Sensing via Porous Materials

Electrochemical Sensing

Gas Sensors with Porous Materials

Solid-State pH and Ion-Selective Electrodes

Amperometric Sensing

Voltammetric Sensing and Selectivity

Enantioselective Electrochemical Sensing

Electrochemical Modeling of Electronic Systems

 

Supercapacitors, Batteries, Fuel Cells, and Related Applications

Electrical Energy Storage and Conversion

Capacitors and Supercapacitors

Nickel Batteries

Lithium Batteries

Fuel Cells

Electrocogeneration

 

Magnetoelectrochemistry and Photoelectrochemistry of Porous Materials

Magnetoelectrochemistry

Photoelectrochemistry

Photon Energy and Redox Processes

Photoelectrochemical Cells

Electrochemically Induced Luminescence and Electrochromic Materials

Photochemical Modulation of Electrocatalytic Processes

 

Microporous Materials in Electrosynthesis and Environmental Remediation

Electrosynthesis

Electrolytic Procedures Involving Porous Electrodes

Electrocatalytic Processes

Oxygen Evolution Reaction

Hydrogen Evolution Reaction

Electrocatalytic Oxidation of Alcohols

Electrochemical Degradation of Contaminants

Degradation/Generation

Photoelectrochemical Degradation

 

References

 

Index

Author Bio(s)

Antonio Doménech holds a Ph.D. in chemistry (University of Valencia, 1989) and is currently professor in the Department of Analytical Chemistry, University of Valencia, Spain. His research is focused on supramolecular electrochemistry, electrochemistry of porous nanostructured materials, and electroanalytical methods applied to conservation and restoration of cultural heritage, as well as on educational problems in teaching of science. He has published more than 150 articles in scientific journals and several monographs, among them, Supramolecular Chemistry of Anions and Electrochemical Methods in Archeometry, Conservation and Restoration. Dr. Domenech received the "Demetrio Ribes" award (Valencian Regional Government) in 2006.

Editorial Reviews

… will be a valuable reference for anyone interested in the electrochemical aspects of porous electrodes and should provide a great starting point for those interested in developing a greater depth of understanding.
 — Diego J. Díaz, University of Central Florida, in Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 132, no. 12, 2010

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