Reinforced Concrete Design of Tall Buildings

Reinforced Concrete Design of Tall Buildings

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Features

  • Discusses common types of framing, novel systems such as haunch girder systems, and prestressed concrete design
  • Covers flat slab-frames, coupled shear walls, core-supported structures, tube buildings, and spine-wall structures
  • Examines wind-tunnel procedures using rigid, high frequency base and aeroelastic models
  • Demonstrates how seismically-induced demands may force members to deform well beyond their elastic limits
  • Explores the structural rehabilitation of seismically vulnerable buildings
  • Includes a discussion of performance-based design for structural design of new buildings
  • Presents dynamic response spectra for major cities in the USA

Summary

An exploration of the world of concrete as it applies to the construction of buildings, Reinforced Concrete Design of Tall Buildings provides a practical perspective on all aspects of reinforced concrete used in the design of structures, with particular focus on tall and ultra-tall buildings. Written by Dr. Bungale S. Taranath, this work explains the fundamental principles and state-of-the-art technologies required to build vertical structures as sound as they are eloquent. Dozens of cases studies of tall buildings throughout the world, many designed by Dr. Taranath, provide in-depth insight on why and how specific structural system choices are made.

The book bridges the gap between two approaches: one based on intuitive skills and experience and the other based on computer skills and analytical techniques. Examining the results when experiential intuition marries unfathomable precision, this book discusses:

  • The latest building codes, including ASCE/SEI 7-05, IBC-06/09, ACI 318-05/08, and ASCE/SEI 41-06
  • Recent developments in studies of seismic vulnerability and retrofit design
  • Earthquake hazard mitigation technology, including seismic base isolation, passive energy dissipation, and damping systems
  • Lateral bracing concepts and gravity-resisting systems
  • Performance based design trends
  • Dynamic response spectrum and equivalent lateral load procedures

Using realistic examples throughout, Dr. Taranath shows how to create sound, cost-efficient high rise structures. His lucid and thorough explanations provide the tools required to derive systems that gracefully resist the battering forces of nature while addressing the specific needs of building owners, developers, and architects. The book is packed with broad-ranging material from fundamental principles to the state-of-the-art technologies and includes techniques thoroughly developed to be highly adaptable. Offering complete guidance, instructive examples, and color illustrations, the author develops several approaches for designing tall buildings. He demonstrates the benefits of blending imaginative problem solving and rational analysis for creating better structural systems.

Table of Contents

Design Concept

Characteristics of Reinforced Concrete

Behavior of Reinforced concrete Elements

External Loads

Lateral Load-Resisting Systems

Collapse Patterns

Buckling of a Tall Building under its Own Weight

Gravity Systems

Formwork Considerations

Floor Systems

Design Methods

One-Way Slab, T-Beams, and Two-Way Slabs: Hand Calculations

Prestressed Concrete Systems

Foundations

Guidelines for Thinking on Your Feet

Unit Quantities

Lateral Load-Resisting Systems

Flat Slab-Frame System

Flat Slab-Frame with Shear Walls

Coupled Shear Walls

Rigid Frame

Tube System with Widely Spaced Columns

Rigid Frame with Haunch Girders

Core-Supported Structures

Shear Wall–Frame Interaction

Frame Tube System

Exterior Diagonal Tube

Bundled Tube

Spinal Wall Systems

Outrigger and Belt Wall System

Miscellaneous Systems

Wind Loads

Design Considerations

Natural Wind

Characteristics of Wind

ASCE 7-05: Wind Load Provisions

National Building Code of Canada (NBCC 2005): Wind Load Provisions

Wind-Tunnels T

Seismic Design

Building Behavior

Seismic Design Concept

An Overview of 2006 IBC

ASCE 7-05 Seismic Provisions: An Overview

An Overview of Chapter 11 of ASCE 7-05, Seismic Design Criteria

An Overview of Chapter 12 of ASCE 7-05, Seismic Design Requirements for Building Structures

ASCE 7-05, Seismic Design: An In-Depth Discussion

Seismic Design Example: Dynamic Analysis Procedure (Response Spectrum Analysis) Using Hand Calculations

 Anatomy of Computer Response Spectrum Analyses (In Other Words, What Goes on in the Black Box)

Dynamic Response Concept

Dynamic Analysis Theory

Seismic Design Examples and Details

Seismic Design Recap

Design Techniques to Promote Ductile Behavior

Integrity Reinforcement

Review of Strength Design

Intermediate Moment-Resisting Frames

Special Moment-Resisting Frames

Shear Walls

Frame Members Not Designed to Resist Earthquake Forces

Diaphragms

Foundations

Design Examples

Typical Details

ACI 318-08 Update

Seismic Rehabilitation of Existing Buildings

Code-Sponsored Design

Alternate Design Philosophy

Code Provisions for Seismic Upgrade

Building Deformations

Common Defi ciencies and Upgrade Methods

Seismic Rehabilitation of Existing Buildings, ASCE/SEI 41-06

Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Systems for Strengthening of Concrete Buildings

Seismic Strengthening Details

Tall Buildings

Historical Background

Review of High-Rise Architecture

Functional Requirements

Definition of Tall Buildings

Lateral Load Design Philosophy

Concept of Premium for Height

Relative Structural Cost

Factors for Reduction in the Weight of Structural Frame

Development of High-Rise Architecture

Structural Scheme Options

Summary of Building Technology

Structural Concepts

Bending and Shear Rigidity Index

Case Studies

Future of Tall Buildings

Special Topics

Damping Devices for Reducing Motion Perception

Seismic Isolation

Passive Energy Dissipation

Preliminary Analysis Techniques

Torsion

Performance-Based Design

Wind Deflections

References

Index

Editorial Reviews

"This book is the key to understanding not only the technology of concrete structures but also the organic nature of this basic material, which is used in every corner of the world."
—From the Foreword by Vincent J. DeSimone, Chairman, DeSimone Consulting Engineers, New York, Miami, San Francisco, New Haven, Las Vegas, Hong Kong, Abu Dhabi

"This book is truly one of the most interesting and well laid-out publications that I have reviewed."
—From the ICC Foreword by Hamid A. Naderi, International Code Council

 
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