New Technologies in Aquaculture

New Technologies in Aquaculture: Improving Production Efficiency, Quality and Environmental Image

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ISBN 9781439801093
Cat# N10010
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Features

  • Reviews recent advances in improvements in aquaculture production
  • Focuses on the genetic improvement and reproduction of farmed species, including genome-based technologies
  • Discusses key health issues, including advances in disease diagnosis, vaccine development and other emerging methods to control pathogens in aquaculture
  • Examines the design of a range of aquaculture production systems and addresses key environmental issues
  • Provides a standard reference for aquaculture professionals and academics in the field

Summary

With well-known editors and an international team of contributors, New Technologies in Aquaculture begins by focusing on the genetic improvement of farmed species and control of reproduction then reviews key issues in health, diet and husbandry, such as the control of viral and parasitic diseases, diet and husbandry techniques to improve disease resistance, advances in diets for particular fish species and the impact of harmful algal bloom on shellfisheries aquaculture. It examines the design of different aquaculture production systems, including offshore technologies, tank-based recirculating systems and ponds, and key environmental issues and concludes with coverage of farming new species.

Table of Contents

PART 1 GENETIC IMPROVEMENT AND REPRODUCTION

Genome-based technologies for aquaculture research and genetic improvement of aquaculture species, Z. Liu, Auburn University, USA
Introduction
DNA marker technologies
DNA sequencing technologies
Gene discovery technologies
Genome mapping technologies
Genome expression analysis technologies
Acknowledgements
References
Genetic improvement of finfish, G. Hulata, Agricultural Research Organization and B. Ron, Israel Oceanographic and Limnological Research Ltd.
Introduction: current status of aqucluture genetics
Key drivers for genetic improvement of finfish
Case studies - risks associated with selective breeding programs
Future trends
Sources of further information and advice
Acknowledgement
References
Genetic variation and selective breeding in hatchery-propagated molluscan shellfish, P. Boudry, Ifremer, France
Introduction
Monitoring genetic diversity and risks related to inbreeding
Inheritance of traits important for aquaculture
Current status of established molluscan shellfish breeding programs
Present needs and future trends: use of marker assisted selection and genomics
References
Controlling fish reproduction in aquaculture, C. Mylonas, Hellenic Center for Marine Research, Greece and Y. Zohar, University of Maryland Biotechnology Institute, USA
Introduction
The fish reproductive cycle and its control
Reproductive strategies and dysfunctions in captivity
Hormonal therapies for the control of reproduction
Induction of oocyte maturation and ovulation
Induction of spermiation
Spontaneous spawning versus artificial insemination
Future trends
Source of further information and advice
References
Producing sterile and single-sex populations of fish for aquaculture, T. Benfey, University of New Brunswick, Canada
Introduction
Sterile populations
Single-sex populations
Future trends and further reading
References
Chromosome set manipulation in shellfish, X. Guo, Y. Wang, Z. Xu, Rutgers University and H. Yang, Louisiana State University Agriculture Center, USA
Introduction
Principles and methods of chromosome set manipulation
Triploid shellfish
Tetraploid shellfish
Gynogensis, androgenesis and aneuploids
Summary and perspectives
Acknowledgements
References
PART 2 HEALTH
Advances in disease diagnosis, vaccine development and other emerging methods to control pathogens in aquaculture, A. Adams, University of Stirling, UK
Introduction
Key drivers to improve disease diagnosis and vaccine development
Limitations of current diagnostic methods
Advances in methods of disease diagnosis (mainly for bacterial diseases)
Advances in vaccine development
Other emerging methods to control pathogens
Future trends
Sources of further information and advice
References
Controlling parasitic diseases in aquaculture: new developments, C. Sommerville, University of Stirling, UK
Introduction
Effects of parasitic disease in aquaculture
Advances in the understanding of parasite biology and host-parasite interactions
Advances in methods of identifying parasites
Advances in methods of controlling parasites
Future trends
References
Controlling viral diseases in aquaculture: new developments, T. Renault, Ifremer, France
Introduction
Overview of viral diseases in aquaculture
Limitation of current management techniques
Advances in understanding of immunity of aquacultured species to viral diseases
New methods to control viral diseases in aquaculture and future trends
References
Diet and husbandry techniques to improving disease resistance: new technologies and prospects, F.J. Gatesoupe, INRA-Ifremer, France
Introduction
Fighting the pathogens
Improving welfare
Improving feed
Concluding remarks
Sources of further information and advice
References
PART 3 DIET AND HUSBANDRY
Fish larval nutrition and diets: new developments, S. Kolkovski, Department of Fisheries, Australia, J. Lazzo, Fish Nutrition Laboratory, Mexico, D. Leclercq, ACUI-T, France, M. Izquierdo, Grupo de Investigación en Acuicultura, Spain
Introduction
Determination of nutritional requirements of larvae
Nutritional requirements of fish larvae
Feed identification and ingestion
Amino acids versus hydrolysates as feed attractants: pros and cons
Ontogeny of digestive capacity in marine fish larvae
Digestion system capacity
Diet manufacturing methods
Microdiet characteristics
Feeding system
Dosage system
Future directions
References
Aquaculture feeds and ingredients: an overview, R. Hardy, University of Idaho, USA
Introduction
Sustainability of feed ingredients
Safety of farmed fish products from harmful residues and pollutants
Categories of environmental pollutants and residues comprising risks to the safety of farmed fish products
Alternate protein and lipid sources
Future trends
Sources of further information and advice
References
Ingredient evaluation in aquaculture: digestibility, utilisation and other key nutritional parameters, B. Glencross, CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research, Australia
Introduction
Characterisation and preparation of ingredients
Defining ingredient digestibility
Ingredient palatability
Defining effects on growth and utilization
Ingredient functionality and feed technical qualities
Frontier technologies for ingredient evaluation
References
Quantifying nutritional requirements in aquaculture: the factorial approach, I. Lupatsch, Swansea University, UK
Introduction
Quantification of nutritional requirements
Feed ingredient evaluation
Feed formulation and feeding strategies
Future trends
References
Advances in aquaculture nutrition: catfish, tilapia and carp nutrition, D Davis, Auburn University, USA, T Nguyen, Nong Lam University, Vietnam, M Li, National Warmwater Aquaculture Center, D M Gatilin III, Department of Wildlife and Fisheries Sciences and T O’Keefe, Aqua-Food Technologies, Inc, USA
Introduction
Nutrient requirements
Sources of further information and advice
References
Advances in aquaculture feeds and feeding: basses and breams, M. Booth, New South Wales Department of Primary Industries, Australia
Introduction
Asian seabass
Red sea bream and gilthead sea bream
Grouper
Future trends
References
Advances in aquaculture feeds and feeding: salmonids, S. Refstie, Nofima AS and Aquaculture Protein Centre (APC) and T. Åsgård, Nofima AS, Norway
Introduction
Feed technology and formulation
Digestive physiology
Nutritional requirements
Nutrition and health
Dietary additives
Species differences
Practical formulations
Feeding and feeding systems
Future trends
References
Monitoring viral contamination in shellfish growing areas, F.S. Le Guyader and M. Pommepuy, Ifremer, France and R.L. Atmar, Baylor College of Medicine, USA
Introduction
Source of pollution
Methods
Input and flux
Strategies for reducing contamination
Future trends
References
Impact of harmful algal bloom on shellfisheries aquaculture, Y. Matsuyama, National Research Institute of Fisheries and Environment of Inland Sea, Japan and S. Shumway, University of Connecticut, USA
Introduction
Global increase of harmful algal bloom (HAB)
Impact of harmful algal bloom species on shellfisheries industries
Prevention of harmful algal bloom threat
Conclusions
Acknowledgements
References
Advances in microalgal culture for aquaculture feed and other uses, M.R. Tredici, N. Biondi, Università degli Studi di Firenze, G. Chini Zittelli, Istituto per lo Studio degli Ecosistemi, E. Ponis and L. Rodolfi, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Italy
Introduction
Current status and new techniques for microalgae culture
Microalgae for aquaculture feed
Microalgae as dietary supplements, animal feed and nutraceuticals
Microalgae as source of pharmaceuticals and probiotics
Wastewater reclamation and biofuel production by algae-bacteria consortia
Future trends
Sources of further information and advice
References
PART 4 ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES
Predicting and assessing the environmental impact of aquaculture, C. Crawford and C. MacLeod, University of Tasmania, Australia
Introduction
Interactions between aquaculture and the environment
Site selection and carrying capacity
Considerations in developing an environmental monitoring and assessment program
Monitoring and assessment techniques
Recent technological advances and future trends
Sources of further information and advice
References
Spatial decision support in aquaculture: the role of geographical information systems and remote sensing, L.G. Ross, N. Handisyde, D.C. Nimmo, University of Stirling, Scotland
The spatial planning context
Database construction and project methodology
Decision support systems and tools
Selected applications and examples of geographical information systems in aquaculture
Case study: climate change
Case study: multi-site coastal zone planning
Summary and future trends
Acknowledgements
References
Zooremediation of contaminated aquatic systems through aquaculture initiatives, S. Gifford, G.R. Macfarlane, C.E. Koller, R.H. Dunstan, University of Newcastle, Australia and W. O’Conner, New South Wales Department of Primary Industries, Australia
Introduction
Zooremediation of pollutants
Zooremediation and pearl aquaculture: a case study
Future trends
Sources of further information and advice
References
PART 5 FARMING NEW SPECIES
Farming cod and halibut: biological and technological advances in two emerging cold-water marine finfish aquaculture species, V. Puvanendran and A. Mortensen, Nofima Marine, Norway
Introduction
Atlantic cod
Atlantic halibut
Future trends
Sources of further information and advice
Acknowledgements
References
Cobia cultivation in aquaculture, E. McLean and G. Salze, Virginia-Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine, M.H. Schwarz, Virginia Seafood AREC and S. Craig, Virginia Cobia Farms LLC, USA
Introduction
Broodstock and spawning
Larval rearing
Juveniles and on-growing
Emerging issues and future trends
References
Advances in the culture of lobsters, C. Jones, Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, Australia
Introduction
Current situation and constraints
Advances in culture
Production systems
Product issues: markets
Future trends
Sources of further information and advice
References
Advances in the culture of crabs, B.D. Paterson, Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, Australia
Introduction
Current situation
Product issues
Production systems
Future trends
Sources of further information and advice
References
Aquaculture and the production of pharmaceuticals and nutraceuticals, K. Benkendorff, Flinders University of South Australia
Introduction
Marine pharmaceuticals
Marine nutraceuticals
Diversifying the aquaculture industry
Current case studies
Steps towards commercialization
Future trends
Acknowledgments
References
PART 6 AQUACULTURE SYSTEMS DESIGN
Opportunities and challenges for offshore farming, R. Langan, University of New Hampshire, USA
The context for off-shore farming
Characterization and selection of off-shore sites
Finfish species cultivated in off-shore cages
Off-shore mollusc culture
Environmental concerns
Future trends
References
Advances in technology for off-shore and open ocean aquaculture, A. Fredheim, SINTEF Fisheries and Aquaculture, Norway and R. Langan, University of New Hampshire, USA
Introduction: historical development of fish farming technology
Floating fish farm design
Current status and technical limitations
Novel fish farm systems
Supporting technologies for off-shore and open ocean fish farming
Sources of further information and advice
References
Advances in technology and practice for land-based aquaculture systems: tank-based recirculating systems for finfish production, T. Losordo, D. DeLong and T. Guerdat, North Carolina State University, USA
Introduction
Components in recirculating systems design
Types of particulate waste solids
Tank, water input manifolds, and drain design
Settleable solids capture components
Suspended solids capture components
Biological filtration
Oxygenation components and processes
Sterilization components and processes
Comparing freshwater and marine systems design
An example of a modern approach to a complete systems design
References
Advances in technology and practice for land-based aquaculture systems: ponds for finfish production, C.E. Boyd and S. Chainark, Auburn University, USA
Introduction
Hydrologic types of ponds
Production methodology
Liming and fertilization
Feeds and feed management
Dissolved oxygen management
Pond amendments
Pond bottom treatments
Water quality monitoring
Pond effluents
Future trends
References
Superintensive bio-floc production technologies for marine shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei: technical challenges and opportunities, C.L. Browdy, J.A. Venero, A.D. Stokes and J. Leffler, Marine Resources Research Institute, USA
Introduction
Superintensive bio-floc-based shrimp production systems
Components of superintensive bio-floc-based shrimp production systems
Current research priorities
Conclusions
Acknowledgements
References
Traditional Asian aquaculture, P. Edwards, Asian Institute of technology, Thailand
Introduction
Definitions and principles
Traditional aquaculture systems
Recent changes to traditional practice
Research and development for improved traditional practice
Recent development of semi-intensive aquaculture
Bridging traditional and modern practice
Future trends
Sources of further information and advice
References
Use of information technology in aquaculture, J. Bostock University of Stirling, UK
Introduction
Information and communications technology (ICT) for productivity and effectiveness
ICT for quality and customer service
ICT in aquaculture innovation and learning
Conclusions
Acknowledgements
Sources of further information and advice
References
Inland saline aquaculture, G.L. Allan and D.S. Fielder, New South Wales Department of Primary Industries, Australia, K.M. Fitzsimmons, University of Arizona, USA, S.L. Applebaum, Jacob Blaustein Institute for Desert Research BGU, Israel and S. Raizada, Central Institute of Fisheries Education Rohtak Centre (I.C.A.R.), India
Introduction
Saline groundwater from interception schemes to protect agriculture
Coal bed methane waste water
Chemistry and remediation
Case studies
Future trends
References
Urban aquaculture: using New York as a model, M.P. Schreibman and C. Zarnoch, City University of New York, USA
Introduction
Goals
Technology
Potential urban aquaculture programs
Challenges to urban aquaculture development
The economics: siting, processing, and marketing for economic success
Marketing and competition
The role of the university
Future trends
Acknowledgements
References

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