Monitoring and Control of Macrofouling Mollusks in Fresh Water Systems, Second Edition

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Features

  • Introduces the terminology used in describing the macrofouling bivalves and snails
  • Describes how to monitor and control biofouling freshwater mollusks
  • Includes physiological information that can be used to develop effective control programs
  • Examines the latest threats and possible future scenarios involving several types of invasive biofouling
  • Discusses how monitoring and control methods differ for invasive clams and mussels from those of invasive snails

Summary

Upon its initial publication more than fifteen years ago, this book broke new ground with its comprehensive coverage of the biology and ecology, distribution and dispersal mechanisms, physiology, monitoring, negative and positive impacts, and control of aquatic invasive species of mussels, clams, and snails. Building on this foundation, the second edition of Monitoring and Control of Macrofouling Mollusks in Fresh Water Systems includes completely revised information on species such as the zebra mussel while also covering up-and-coming nuisance species such as the quagga mussel, Conrad’s false mussel, the Asian clam, and the fast-spreading golden mussel.

The Second Edition includes:

  • Ten new species of mussels and snails
  • International case studies on mussel fouling problems and how to cope with them
  • New control and monitoring techniques
  • Discussions of the latest threats and possible future scenarios

The book contains brief descriptions of the external and internal structures, examining only those features relevant to the monitoring and control of the invasive species. It discusses why the mollusks are pests, distinguishing nuisance species from native species, their habits and habitat, reproductive potential, and life cycles and population dynamics. The authors also explain how efficient dispersal mechanisms employed by the nuisance mollusks not only help them spread so rapidly to inland lakes and rivers across continents, but how they can invade virtually every part of a facility.

While many other resources contain segments of this information, none cover all areas and link them in a cohesive fashion. It is this approach that makes the understanding of potential impacts on ecosystems, industries and utilities, as well as the many human-made physical and chemical mitigants for controlling the mollusks supplied by this book so crucial for preserving the health of raw water supplies.

Table of Contents

Biology

Introduction

Morphology and Anatomy

Mode of Life

Reproduction and Life Cycle

Population Dynamics

Distribution, Dispersal Potential, and Dispersal Mechanisms

Introduction

Distribution

Dispersal Potential and Mechanisms

Using Physiological and Ecological Requirements and Environmental Tolerances for Assessing Risk of Invasion

Introduction

Background Information on Key Variables

Assessing Survival Potential of Aquatic Invasive Bivalves

Assessing Survival Potential of Aquatic Invasive Gastropods

Assessing Potential Infestation Levels

Recommendations for Further Research

Monitoring: Searching, Finding, and Interpreting

Introduction

Sampling for Larval and Adult Bivalves

Sampling for Gastropod Eggs and Adults

Early Detection of Dreissena spp. Veligers Using Molecular Methods

Monitoring for Macrofouling Control in Industry

Navigational Buoys (Navaids) as Monitoring Platforms

Impacts of Macrofoulers on Man-Made Structures

Introduction

Marine Structures

Water Intakes

Pumphouse Structures

Raw Water Systems

Piping and Components of Materials of Construction

Fire Protection Systems

Drainage and Sumps

Heating, Ventilating, and Air-Conditioning Systems

Compressed Air

Facility-Specifi c Impacts

Ecological, Socio-Economic, and Benefi cial Impacts of Aquatic Invasive Mollusks

Introduction

Dreissenidae

Mytilidae

Corbiculidae

Ampullariidae

Bithyniidae

Hydrobiidae

Weapons of Mollusk Destruction

Introduction

Preventative versus Reactive Strategies

Mitigation of Mussels through the Use of Chemicals

Chemical Options Available

Chemical Cleaning

Nonchemical Control

Domination by Chlorination

Introduction

History of Chlorine

Sodium Hypochlorite

Chemistry of Chlorination

Factors Infl uencing the Effectiveness of Chlorine

Chlorination Treatment Strategies for Zebra Mussel Control

Mechanisms of Chlorine Toxicity

Nontarget Effects of Chlorine

Sublethal Effects of Chlorine

Dosage and Consumption Calculations

Main Components of the Chlorination Systems

Mitigation of Aquatic Invasive Gastropods

Introduction

Giant Ramshorn Snail, Marisa cornuarietis

Channeled Applesnail, Pomacea canaliculata

Titan Applesnail, Pomacea haustrum

Island Applesnail, Pomacea insularum

Spiketop Applesnail, Pomacea diffusa

Florida Applesnail, Pomacea paludosa

Quilted Melania, T. granifera

Red-rimmed Melania, Melanoides tuberculata

Faucet Snail, Bithynia tentaculata

New Zealand Mudsnail, Potamopyrgus antipodarum

Case Studies

Zebra and Quagga Mussels in the Inland Waters of European Russia and Adjacent Countries, M.I. Orlova

Zebra Mussels: Review of Ecology and Impacts Since Invasion in Ireland, F.E. Lucy

Summary of the Distribution and Impact of the Golden Mussel in Argentina and Neighboring Countries, G. Darrigran

Response of a Major Brazilian Utility to the Golden Mussel Invasion, M.E. Rolla and H.R. Mota

Glossary

References

Index

Author Bio(s)

Renata Claudi, an environmental scientist with over 25 years of diverse business and technical experience, currently serves as a Chief Scientist for RNT Consulting Inc. Gerald L. Mackie is a Professor Emeritus at the University of Guelph in Ontario, Canada.