Fundamentals and Applications in Aerosol Spectroscopy

Fundamentals and Applications in Aerosol Spectroscopy

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Features

  • Encompasses the whole range of methods, from infrared and Raman to UV/VIS and x-ray
  • Covers a variety of aerosols, including cold aerosol particles in planetary atmospheres and organic aerosols and bioaerosols in the Earth’s atmosphere
  • Surveys emerging experimental techniques and instrumentation, such as tunable x-rays for aerosol scattering, scanning transmission x-ray microscopy for characterizing aerosols, and electron beam microscopy for studying aerosol particles
  • Describes theoretical methods adapted to the characteristic spectral features of aerosols

Summary

Helping you better understand the processes, instruments, and methods of aerosol spectroscopy, Fundamentals and Applications in Aerosol Spectroscopy provides an overview of the state of the art in this rapidly developing field. It covers fundamental aspects of aerosol spectroscopy, applications to atmospherically and astronomically relevant problems, and several aspects that need further research and development.

Chapters in the book are arranged in order of decreasing wavelength of the light/electrons. The text starts with infrared spectroscopy, one of the most important aerosol characterization methods for laboratory studies, field measurements, remote sensing, and space missions. It then focuses on Raman spectroscopy for investigating aerosol processes in controlled laboratory studies and for analyzing environmental particles and atmospheric pollution. The next section discusses the use of cavity ring-down spectroscopy to measure light extinction, laser-induced fluorescence spectroscopy to identify and classify biological aerosol particles, and ultrafast laser techniques to improve the specificity of bioaerosol detection. The final section examines recent developments involving novel techniques based on UV, x-ray, and electron beam studies.

This book offers the first comprehensive overview of the spectroscopy of aerosols. It includes some results for the first time in the literature and presents a unique link between fundamental aspects and applications.

Table of Contents

Infrared Spectroscopy
Infrared Spectroscopy of Aerosol Particles, Thomas Leisner and Robert Wagner
Vibrational Excitons: A Molecular Model to Analyze Infrared Spectra of Aerosols, George Firanescu, Thomas C. Preston, Chia C. Wang, and Ruth Signorell
Aerosol Nanocrystals of Water Ice: Structure, Proton Activity, Adsorbate Effects, and H-Bond Chemistry, J. Paul Devlin
Infrared Extinction and Size Distribution Measurements of Mineral Dust Aerosol, Paula K. Hudson, Mark A. Young, Paul D. Kleiber, and Vicki H. Grassian
Infrared Spectroscopy of Dust Particles in Aerosols for Astronomical Application, Akemi Tamanai and Harald Mutschke

Raman Spectroscopy
Linear and Nonlinear Raman Spectroscopy of Single Aerosol Particles, N.-O.A. Kwamena and Jonathan P. Reid
Raman Spectroscopy of Single Particles Levitated by an Electrodynamic Balance for Atmospheric Studies, Alex K.Y. Lee and Chak K. Chan
Micro-Raman Spectroscopy for the Analysis of Environmental Particles, Sanja Potgieter-Vermaak, Anna Worobiec, Larysa Darchuk, and Rene Van Grieken
Raman Lidar for the Characterization of Atmospheric Particulate Pollution, Detlef Müller

VIS/UV Spectroscopy, Fluorescence, and Scattering
UV and Visible Light Scattering and Absorption Measurements on Aerosols in the Laboratory, Zbigniew Ulanowski and Martin Schnaiter
Progress in the Investigation of Aerosols’ Optical Properties Using Cavity Ring-Down Spectroscopy: Theory and Methodology, Ali Abo Riziq and Yinon Rudich
Laser-Induced Fluorescence Spectra and Angular Elastic Scattering Patterns of Single Atmospheric Aerosol Particles, R.G. Pinnick, Y.L. Pan, S.C. Hill, K.B. Aptowicz, and R.K. Chang
Femtosecond Spectroscopy and Detection of Bioaerosols, Luigi Bonacina and Jean-Pierre Wolf
Light Scattering by Fractal Aggregates, C.M. Sorensen

UV, X-Ray, and Electron Beam Studies
Aerosol Photoemission, Kevin R. Wilson, Hendrik Bluhm, and Musahid Ahmed
Elastic Scattering of Soft X-Rays from Free Size-Selected Nanoparticles, Harald Bresch, Bernhard Wassermann, Burkhard Langer, Christina Graf, and Eckart Rühl
Scanning Transmission X-Ray Microscopy: Applications in Atmospheric Aerosol Research, Ryan C. Moffet, Alexei V. Tivanski, and Mary K. Gilles
Electron Beam Analysis and Microscopy of Individual Particles, Alexander Laskin

Editor Bio(s)

Ruth Signorell is a professor in physical and analytical chemistry at the University of British Columbia. Dr. Signorell has been a recipient of the Werner Award from the Swiss Chemical Society, an A.P. Sloan Fellowship from the United States, the Thermo Fisher Scientific Spectroscopy Award from the Canadian Society for Analytical Sciences and Spectroscopy, and the Keith Laidler award from the Canadian Society for Chemistry. She earned her Ph.D. from ETH Zurich. Her research encompasses infrared and extreme ultraviolet studies of aerosols.

Jonathan P. Reid is a professor in physical chemistry and a Leadership Fellow of the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council at the University of Bristol. Dr. Reid has been a recipient of the Harrison Memorial Prize and the Marlow Medal from the Royal Society of Chemistry. He earned his Ph.D. from the University of Oxford. His research focuses on developing new techniques to characterize and manipulate aerosol particles using light.

 
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