Clean Technology 2008: Bio Energy Renewables Green Buil

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These proceedings from the 2008 CTSI conference provide the most prestigious forum in the world for leading clean tech scientists. The papers from the conference have been compiled into one easy-to-use resource to create the most authoritative and comprehensive compendium available across all of clean technology. This book covers bioenergy fuels, photovoltaics, wind energy, geothermal energy, green buildings, smart grid, fuel cells, hydrogen technology, green chemistry, sustainable industry practices, storage technologies, and energy policies.

Table of Contents

Bio Energy Fuels, Novel Sources, & Policy
Changing Roles: Cultivating Perennial Weeds vs. Conventional Crops for Bio-Energy Production. The Case of Cynara cardunculus
N.G. Danalatos
Direct Injection of Flue Gas into Coal Seams for Carbon Storage and Methane Production
P.P. O’Brien
Clean Waste Tech: Anaerobic Composting in Bioreactor Landfills
S. Jewell
Catalytic Conversion of Biomass to Hydrocarbons
R.D. Cortright
Analysis of the US Fuel Ethanol Industry and Market Expectations
A. Wiselogel, J. Kistner, K. Althoff
Nano-docking stations for synfuels catalysts on carbon nanotubes
U.M. Graham, R.A. Khatri, N.J. Coville, A. Dozier, B.H. Davis
Complete Microbiological Fuel Cell: A Photosynthetic Cathode Coupled to a Fermentative Anode
E.E. Powell, J.C. Bolster, G.A. Hill, R.W. Evitts
Bio Mass for CO2 Neutral Steel Production
T. Gerdes, M. Willert-Porada
Novel Membrane Technology for Green Ethylene Production
U. Balachandran, T.H. Lee, S.E. Dorris, C.G. Scouten, C.L. Marshall
Methanol Production for Renewable Energy Storage and Distribution
W. Bishop
High Quality Biodiesel from Spent Coffee Grounds
M. Misra, N. Kondamudi, S.K. Mohapatra, S.E. John
Impact of Government Biotechnology Regulations on Biofuel Development
D.J. Glass
Clean Combustion of Liquid Biofuels in Gas Turbines for Renewable Power Generation
M.J. Ramotowski, R.J. Roby, P.E. Leo, D. Eskin
Novel Alcohol-Based Diesel Fuels
N. Schulz
Improvements in biological hydrogen production by microbial fermentations
P.C. Hallenbeck, G. Sabourin-Provost
Integrated System Approach to Biofuels, Biorefineries, Renewable Resources, and Sustainable Development
S. Elnashaie, I. Abu-Mahfouz, R. Ciocci
Biofuels: Boom or Bust?
J. Johnson, E. Palmacci
Supporting biofuel distribution through F.A.ST. ™ on-demand, variable ratio blending with a review of climate controlled storing and dispensing of Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF)
O. Baer, D. Shaw
NanoEnergy—Technological and Economical Impact of Nanotechnology on the Energy Sector
W. Luther
The Opportunity Continuum: University-Industry Partnerships for Cleantech Investment
A. Peters
Renewables: Photovoltaics, Wind, & Geothermal
Internet Based Inverter-Integrated Solar Power Meter System
R. Hicks
The Influence of Rebates and Incentives on the Solar Industry; What Obstacles Remain for US National Adoption of Solar PV?
B. Neagle
The Competitive Cost Position of Novel Thin Film Photovoltaic Module Technologies in High Temperature and Low Light Conditions
A. Goodrich, T. Hannibal, J. Grimes, R. Wendt
Electrospun TiO2 Fibers as a Material for Dye Sensitizied Solar Cells
J. Duchoslav, L. Rubáek, L. Kavan, M. Zukalová, J. Procházka
Use of Multiphysics Modeling to Improve Solar Thin Film Performance and Manufacture
A. Jain, J. Sanyal, V. Ivanov, E. Grald, A. Mukhopadhyay
Thin nanostructured solar cells on metal sheets
M. Toivola, K. Miettunen, J. Halme, P. Lund
Design of a Tandem Conjugated Polymer Bulk Heterostructure Solar Cell
J. Valenzuela, S. Mil’shtein
Enhanced Photocurrent in Transparent Lead Zirconate-Titanate Thin Film Capacitors under Sun Light Illumination
L.E. Ocola, H. Li, O. Auciello
Nanoplates and their suitability for use as solar cells
M. Aagesen, C.B. Sørensen
Mesoporous TiO2 Thin-Film for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell (DSSC) Applications
A. Vats, R. Shende, J. Swiatkiewicz, J. Puszynski
Postproduction Annealing Effect on Solar Cells Based on Polymer and Zinc Oxide Nanorod Composites
C-Y. Chou, J-S. Huang, C-F. Lin
Optimal Design and Use of PV Water Pumping Systems in Armenia
G. Ayvazyan, V. Buniatyan, A. Vardanyan
Solar-Electric Commuting Trike with Manual Pedaling
S. Mil’shtein, B. Srinivasan
Post-annealing effect of copper phthalocyanine on enhancing the performance of green organic light-emitting diode
S.Z. Chen, J.H. Jou, F.S. Tang, P.H. Chiang, C.Y. Chang
Wind Characteristics of Algeria
Y. Himri, B. Draoui, S. Himri
The Case for Vertical Axis Wind Turbines
T.C. Sankar
Exergy Analysis of Double Flash Geothermal Power Plant, SABALAN, IRAN
S.J. Nasrabady
An “Atmospherically Healthy” Recipe for Carbon-Neutral Fuels: A Synthetic Fuel Made from Sunlight, CO2, and Water
K. Littau
Overview of Developments and Applications of Thermoelectrics Integrated with MEMS
M. Takahashi
Sustainable Energy Opportunities with the Geothermal Continuum
H. Thorsteinsson, C. Augustine, B.J. Anderson, M.C. Moore, P.R. von Rohr, J.W. Tester
Large Scale Integration of Wind Power Generation
P.S. Moura, A.T. Almeida
A New Computational Model for Fluid-Structure Interaction Phenomena in Wind-Turbine Blades
F.L. Ponta, A.D. Otero, L.I. Lago
Advanced Low-Temperature Geothermal Technology
D. Thomas
Surface plasmon polariton assisted organic solar cells
C. Kim, J-Y. Lee, P. Peumans, J. Kim
Green Buildings & Construction
Photoactive and colored anodic oxides on titanium for architectural and design applications
M.V. Diamanti, B. Del Curto, M. Ormellese, M.P. Pedeferri
Design and Development of a Large-Scale Compressed Earth Block Building System for Developed Countries
D. Tate, A. Ertas, T. Maxwell, K. Park, W. Lawson
A Hybrid Approach to Carbon Reductions in Existing Homes: Deep Efficiency and Renewables
B. Knox
Environmentally Intelligent Integral Waterproofing and Corrosion Protection for Concrete
S. Veramallay, T. Horan
So You Want to Replace Your PVC
S.E. Gibb, E.J. Beckman
SITumbra—Energy Efficient Structurally Integrated Transparent Shaded Façade System
H. Giles
Energy Efficiency and O&M Cost Reduction Gained by Automatic Tube Cleaning System (ATCS) Installation in Oil Refinery Plant: Case Study and Fouling Global Perspectives
Y. Jacobs
New Coating Technology to Inhibit Toxic, Black Mold Growth
F.T. Krotine, S.W.R. Amsey
Cleantech Daylighting Using Smart Glass: A Survey of LEED Accredited Professionals
G.M. Sottile
Social-Interest Green House Design Based in Rapid Product Realization Methodology—Case Study Solar Green House ITESM
A.A. Valerio, A. Molina, C.A. Cambero, A. Zarate
Industrial Application of Total Performance Oriented Retro-Commissioning
D. Xin, G. Liu, S. Gunawan
The Role of Private Capital in Emerging Building Technologies
A. Singer
Smart Grid, Transmission, Policy
Laying the Groundwork: Lessons Learned from the Telecommunications Industry for Distributed Generation
A. Wise
Impact of Biomass Based Distributed Generation on Electric Grid
A.A. Kumar, A.R. Masannagari, A.K. Srivastava, N.N. Schulz
Intelligent Electrical Energy Demand Management
T. Healy
Renewable Energy Technologies: A Veritable Tool for Women’s Empowerment in Niger Delta Communities
C.P. Mbachu
Energy in A New Light—Transforming Corporate Energy Use into a Weapon of Strategy
D. Livesay, H. Marshall, K. Warren
Natural Gas—A Bridge and a Destination
C. Michael Ming
Environmental Performance Assessment of Companies: Applying Life Cycle Assessment at the Enterprise Level
J. Dettling, Y. Loerincik, M. Margni, O. Jolliet
Public Policy and Cleantech—Obstacle or Asset?
A. Wardak, V. Taneja
Institutional Challenges and Opportunities: Decentralized and Integrated Water Resource Infrastructure
V.I. Nelson
FTC’s Regulation of Green Marketing Claims
E.P. Laws, C.B. Leopold
Fuel Cell & Hydrogen Technologies
In-plane and through-plane electrochemical conductivity and fuel cell performance of thin-film YSZ
A.C. Johnson, S. Ramanathan
Continuous Hydrothermal Flow Syntheses of Nanosize Materials Used in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells
X. Weng, J.A. Darr
Effects of Spin Coating Catalysts on Micro-Fuel Cells Efficiency
T. Lung, T. Reissman, B. Kirby, E. Garcia
Modeling the Temperature Field in Reforming Anodes of a Button-Shaped SOFC
I. Zinovik, D. Poulikakos
Directed Self-Organization and Molecular Wiring of Catalytic Nanoparticles for Fuel Cells
N.K. Dutta, S. Mayavan, N. Roy Choudhury
Novel Composite Membranes Containing Functionalized Silsesquioxanes and Ionic Liquids for High Temperature Fuel Cell Applications
N. Dutta, N. Roy Choudhury, S. Subianto, M. Mistry
Nanomaterials for Desulfurization and Hydrogen Generation
G. Venugopal, N. Vylkov, K. Unfried, M. Sapp, A. Hunt
Bifurcation Behavior of a Novel Auto-Thermal Circulating Fluidized Bed (CFB) Membrane Reformer
I. Abu-Mahfouz, S. Elnashaie, R. Ciocci
Development of Efficient, Compact, and Environmentally Friendly Hydrocarbon Reformer for the Production of Pure Hydrogen
R. Ciocci, I. Abu-Mahfouz, S. Elnashaie
New Catalytic System for Producing Pure Hydrogen-Water-Gas-Shift Reaction of Supported Copper Catalysts
H. Yahiro, K. Saiki, T. Yamamoto, K. Sagata, M. Asamoto, H. Yamaura
Computer Simulation of Hydrogen Storage Materials
M. Katagiri, H. Onodera, H. Ogawa
Zirconia Aerogel-Polyxometalate Composites Synthesis with Applications in Solid Oxide/Acid Fuel Cells
A. Nicoara, V. Cosoveanu, I. Ladiu, L. Baia, M. Baia, L. Muresan, I. Stamatin, V. Danciu
Study on the Cathode Materials for Achieving IT-SOFC with Proton Conductor
M. Asamoto, S. Miyake, Y. Yonei, H. Yamaura, H. Yahiro
Structural Stability of Hydrogen Storage Materials
M. Katagiri, H. Onodera, H. Ogawa
Carbon Aerogel-Supported Pt with Applications in Fuel Cells
L.C. Cotet, A. Andronie, I. Stamatin, I.D. Stamatin, V. Cosoveanu, V. Danciu
Generating Hydrogen on Demand by Splitting Water with Al Rich Alloys
J.M. Woodall, J. Ziebarth, C.R. Allen J. Jeon, G. Choi
Protective Sensor Coatings for High-Throughput Screening of Hydrogen-Producing Microbes
H. Pryce Lewis
An Assessment of Renewable Hydrogen Costs, Infrastucture, and Resource Constraints
S. Lasher, M. Marion, M. Kromer, K. Roth
Domestic hydrogen production by an integrated biomass gasification/sponge iron process
T. Gerdes, M. Willert-Porada
Renewable Hydrogen Production around the Globe
K. Deason, A. Smith
Production of Renewable Solar Hydrogen Using Semiconductor Metal Oxides by Water Photoelectrolysis
M. Misra, S.K. Mohapatra, V.K. Mahajan, P.P. Das, K.S. Raja
Deposition and Characterization of Platinum Nanoparticles on Highly Orientated Pyrolytic Graphite
N. Elizondo Villarreal, C. Novar, J.P. Zhou, L. Alvarez Contreras, R. Tel Vered
Micropatterning Layers by Flame Aerosol Deposition-Annealing
A. Tricoli, M. Graf, F. Mayer, S. Kühne, A. Hierlemann, S.E. Pratsinis
Green Chemistry & Sustainable Industry Practices
Clean Hydrogen Peroxide Synthesis via a Nanocatalyst Process
B. Zhou
Low-Energy, Solventless Coating Processes
H.P. Lewis
Biodegradable polymers from whey
L.S. Serafim, P.C. Lemos, M.A. Prieto, M.A.M. Reis
UV Coatings Deliver Best Economic Value Statement
M. Kelly, D. Sweetwood
Environmentally Sound Photoreactive Cleaning: A Product and Technology Overview
D.J. Elliott, V.M. Chaplick
Benefits of Compact Electron Beam Adoption in Industrial Processes: Case Studies on Energy and Water Savings and Reduced Pollution Output and Chemical Use
M. Rutherford, A. Testoni, J. Epstein
Sustainability in the Polymer Industry
J.D. Hensel, R.A. Schwarz, C.W. Grispin
Engineering of efficient biocatalysts using nanostructured mesoporous silicate carriers
K. Szymanska, J. Bryjak, A.B. Jarzebski
A Portable Raman Sensor for the Rapid Identification of the Olive Oil
X. Qi, X. Zhang, M. Zou, Y. Chen, J. Ye
Sensor for real-time monitoring of food degradation
N. Ibrisimovic, M. Bauer, F. Pittner
Environmental and Economic Assessment of Nano-Fabrication Processes of Memory Devices
L. Dahlben, J.A. Isaacs
Nanofiltration of Electrolyte Solutions by Sub-2nm Carbon Nanotube Membranes
F. Fornasiero, H.G. Park, J.K. Holt, M. Stadermann, S. Kim, J.B. In, C.P. Grigoropoulos, A. Noy, O. Bakajin
New Nanostructured Cellulose Materials
E. Vismara, G. Gastaldi, L. Melone, C. Cosentino, G. Torri
Photocatalytic Activity Assessment of Some Transition Metal Doped
M. Popa, L. Baia, C. Ghica, V. Cosoveanu, M. Baia, V. Danciu
Disinfection of Cryptosporidium Parvum Oocysts in Water Using Ultrasonic Treatment
M.E. Olvera, K. Ilangovan
Effects-Based Risk Assessment of Emerging and Existing Nanomaterials
S. Chan-Remillard, L. Kapustka, S. Goudey
Nanomaterials down the Drain: Perception and Reality
K. Sellers, L.L. Bergeson
Nanosize Iron Oxide for CO Oxidation
Z. Wu, M. Fransson, B. Zhou
New Type of High Sensitive Detection of Particles Based on DeFET
M.F. Ibrahim, F. Elsayed, Y.H. Ghallab, W. Badawy
Palladium/Polymer Nanocomposite-Based Chemiresistive SO2 Sensor
D. Meka, V. Onbattuvelli, S. Atre, S. Prasad
Structure-property relationships in Pd/Polycarbonate based chemical sensors
S.V. Atre, O.P. Valmikanathan, D.B. Meka, S. Prasad
Self-Assembly of Polymers and NanoParticles in Personal Care Products
M.C. Berg, N.A. Suddaby, D. Soane
Toward Nanoscaled Systems: New Dispersing Technologies
L. Fischer, S. Scheid, C. Thomas
Nanoscaled Mg(OH)2 Used as Flame Retardant Additive
Z. Zhou, Z. Wu, M. Fransson, B. Zhou
NanoZeolites—porous nanomaterials for cleantech, encapsulation, and triggered release applications
W. Daniell, J. Sauer, A. Kohl
Lithium selective adsorption on low-dimensional TiO2 nanoribbons
Q-H. Zhang, S-P. Li, S-Y. Sun, X-S. Yin, J-G. Yu
Transportation & Storage Technologies
Full Fuel Cycle Assessment of Alternative Transportation Fuels in California
L.R. Waterland, J. Pont, M.D. Jackson, M. Addy
The Cleanest Cars: Well-to-Wheels Emissions
S. Boschert
Light-Off Characteristics for Diesel Oxidation Catalysts in Monolith Reactors: Effects of Catalyst Distribution Schemes
N. Kapur, L. Wang, T.J. Truex, K.L. Fujdala, J.B. Nicholas
Advanced Nickel Zinc Technology Meets HEV Requirements
J.A. Carcone
Self-Assembled Manganese Dioxide Thin Films as Novel Electrode Material for the Fabrication of Thin-Film Supercapacitors
S. Cem Pang, B.H. Wee
Preparation and characterization of electrospun nickel oxide/polymer fibrous electrodes for electrochemical capacitor
H. Tsutsumi, S. Hosogai
Overview of Miniature Energy Harvesting Technologies
K. Sano
Use of Reticle Carbon in Supercapacitors
C.C. Nesbitt
Novel Lithium-Based Reserved Micro Power Cell Based on Micro Fluidic Design
F. Allen, S. Simon, V. Lifton
The Dynaplane Design for Planing Motorboats
E.P. Clement, J. Hollingsworth, R. Scher
Control Strategies for Personal Rapid Transit System
J-H. Lee
Design and Analysis of a Small-Scale Generator for the Portable Power Pack
H.G. Jeong, K.C. Kim, N.J. Jeong, J.H. Lee
Integrated BMS and Analog IC Charge Isolation Architecture in Large Battery Systems
C. Choi, B. Baugh, W. Radachonski, A. Choi, S-W. Chan
Multi-level Computational Chemistry Approach for Phase Change Behavior of Water Induced by Laser Irradiation
H. Takaba, A. Nomura, Y. Sasaki, K. Chiba, H. Hata, K. Okushi, A. Suzuki, H. Tsuboi, M. Koyama, N. Hatakeyama, A. Endou, M. Kubo, C.A. Delcarpio, M. Kitada, H. Kabashima, A. Miyamoto
Ultra Accelerated Quantum Chemical Molecular Dynamics Study on Mechanochemical Reaction of Micro-Bubble Induced by Shock Wave
N. Hatakeyama, A. Nomura, Y. Sasaki, K. Chiba, H. Hata, K. Okushi, A. Suzuki, M. Koyama, H. Tsuboi, A. Endou, H. Takaba, M. Kubo, C.A. Del Carpio, M. Kitada, H. Kabashima, A. Miyamoto
Supercapacitor like structure for micro-battery and radiation energy harvesting tile
L. Popa-Simil, I..L. Popa-Simil
Improvement of electric energy density in PVDF terpolymer nanocomposites and blends
B. Chu, B. Neese, M. Lin, X. Zhou, Q. Chen, Q.M. Zhang
Electrospun Nanofiber Layers for Applications in Electrochemical Devices
L. Rubáek, J. Duchoslav, M. Zukalová, J. Procházka, L. Kavan
Nanofluid Coreflood Experiments in the ARAB-D: On the Road to Developing In Situ Reservoir Nanodevices
M.Y. Kanj, J.J. Funk
Nanomonitors for Energy Systems
D. Meka, V. Onbattuvelli, S. Atre, S. Prasad
Structured carbon nanotubes for hydrogen storage for on-board vehicle application with 6.5 wt%
J. Uchrin, R. Uchrin
Water Clean Technologies
Improving Water Management in Fuel Cell Flow Channels via Oscillation of Water Droplets
R. Schultz, J. Diebel, J. Allen
Off-Grid Fuel Cell System for High Power Quality Applications
R.J.S. Lima, A.T. de Almeida, A.M.S. Mendes, A.J.M. Cardoso
Drinking water treatment with Caspian region natural sorbents
M.A. Egorov
Unrestricted Water Reuse and Low Energy Cluster Wastewater System Producing TN