The International Police Executive Symposium (IPES, www.ipes.info) coordinates annual international conferences to evaluate critical issues in policing and recommend practical solutions to law enforcement executives deployed across the globe. Drawn from the 2005 proceedings hosted by the Czech Republic in Prague, Effective Crime Reduction Strategies: International Perspectives contains contributions from the renowned criminal justice and law enforcement professionals who gathered at this elite annual meeting. Dedicated to continued reduction in crime through local and global response, these international experts share effective crime-fighting principles and tried and proven best practices.
Thoroughly revised and updated since the initial proceedings, the reports in this volume are divided into six sections which explore a host of essential topics:
Supplemented with select papers considered for the official journal of the IPES, this volume represents a thoroughly comparative approach to the challenges police executives face in the 21st century. Exploring a wide range of issues impacting how law enforcement professionals fight crime, experts from virtually all regions of the globe engage in discourse that is destined to shape future policing worldwide.
Part I: Critical Issues in European Law Enforcement
Global Law Enforcement and the Cosmopolitan Police Response: The Role of Situational Policing in Transnational Crime Prevention—An Example from Hungary; N. Conti, J. J. Nolan III, and Z. Molnar
The Impact of Information Systems and Technology on Police Investigative Effectiveness in Norway; P. Gottschalk and R. Glomseth
Challenges of Policing in the New Millennium: Reform of the Austrian Police Structure; M. Edelbacher
Part II: Contemporary Concerns: Policing in the United States and Canada
Legislation and Guidelines Addressing the Trafficking of Human Beings in the United States of America; L. K. Wight
Three Decades of Policing Reform in the New York City Police Department; J. F. Albrecht
Examining Community Policing Implementation in the United States; K. C. Wong
The Recruitment and Retention of Law Enforcement Personnel in the United States; D. W. Harper, Jr.
Building Bridges to Reduce Adolescent Crime and Disorder in American Schools: Integrating Restorative Justice with the School Resource Officer Model; C. Swanson and M. Owen
Suicide-by-Cop: Adding Stress to an Already Stressed Profession; Rick Parent
Part III: Paradigm Shifts: Policing as Democracy Evolves
Changes in the Police of Argentina as Democracy Progresses; S. Sal
Severe Challenges Continue in Policing Brazil during the Twenty-First Century; S. Husain and J. F. Albrecht
HIV and AIDS: Implications for Law Enforcement and Public Safety in South Africa; B. Meini
Improving Commitment and Productivity within the Nigerian Police; A. O. Aremu and A. A. Jones
Examining the Implications of Intelligence-Led Policing on Human Rights in South Africa: C. Bezuidenhout
Developing Democracy and the Rule of Law in the Republic of Cameroon; J. L. Messing
Traditional Ideologies Deter Progress in the Contemporary Justice Practices in Nigeria; R. D. Hanser and S. Mire
Part IV: Revising Traditional Law Enforcement in Asia to Meet Contemporary Demands
An Econometric Method of Allocating Police Resources in New Zealand; G. den Heyer, M. Mitchell, S. Ganesh, and C. Devery
The Public Perception on the Quality of Policing in Indonesia; A. Meliala
Policing Challenges in Turkey: Dealing with Honor Killings as Crime or as Culturally Accepted Norm; T. Icli
Law Enforcement in the Kingdom of Thailand: Addressing Ethical Dilemmas, Extremist Terrorism, and the Government Coup; A. Kuanliang and R. D. Hanser
Part V: The Positive Influence of Unionization on Police Professionalism
American Policing at a Crossroads: Are Police Unions Taking on the Challenge or Impeding Change? R. G. DeLord
The Canadian Professional Police Association: Promoting Accountability, Democracy, Justice, and Equality in Twenty-First Century Policing; D. Griffin
Developing Internal Democracy and Civil Rights within the South African Police Service: Police Labor Association Implementation; A. Witbooi
The Influence of the New Zealand Police Association on the Evolution of the Police, Policing, and the Law and Order Paradigm; G. O’Connor
Part VI: Significant Issues Facing Twenty-First Century Law Enforcement
From Border Control to Transnational Responsibility: An Example of Management Decision-Making in Explaining Police Practices; L. Karson
Child Abuse and Sex Crimes: Examining Police Officer Interview Techniques Involving Juvenile Victims; B. L. Guadagno and M. B. Powell
Public Perception of Police Effectiveness and Its Relationship with Crime and Fear of Crime: An International Study; S. M. Park and W. M. Oliver
Organizational Culture within the Norwegian Counterterrorism Unit: Heightened Responsibility and Stress Following Recent International Terrorist Attacks; R. Glomseth and P. Gottshalk
James F. Albrecht is presently serving in the joint United States and European Union Rule of Law Mission (EULEX) in Kosovo as the police chief in charge of all critical criminal investigations. Chief Albrecht had previously been assigned to the United Nations Police in Kosovo (former Yugoslavia) as an intelligence analyst and United States liaison to the European Union Police. Albrecht is also a 20 year veteran of the New York Police Department (NYPD).
Founding president of the International Police Executive Symposium (IPES) and founding editor of Police Practice and Research: An International Journal, Dilip K. Das has authored, edited, and co-edited more than 30 books and numerous articles. He has traveled extensively throughout the world in comparative police research, as a visiting professor in various universities, for organizing annual conferences of the IPES, and as a humanrights consultant to the United Nations. Dr. Das has received several faculty excellence awards and was a distinguished faculty lecturer.