Understanding Nanomaterials

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ISBN 9781420073102
Cat# 73109



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  • Discusses the principles of nanomaterials fabrication
  • Describes the characterization and application of nanomaterials
  • Contains real-world examples, application notes, and a glossary of technical terminology
  • Includes worked examples, end-of-chapter problem sets, and exercises for self-study to strengthen conceptual understanding


With a selective presentation of topics that makes it accessible for students who have taken introductory university science courses, Understanding Nanomaterials is a training tool for the future workforce in nanotech development. This introductory textbook offers insights into the fundamental principles that govern the fabrication, characterization, and application of nanomaterials.

Provides the Background for Fundamental Understanding

Assuming only a basic level of competency in physics, chemistry, and biology, the author focuses on the needs of the undergraduate curriculum, discussing important processes such as self-assembly, patterning, and nanolithography. His approach limits mathematical rigor in the presentation of key results and proofs, leaving it to the instructor’s discretion to add more advanced details, or emphasize particular areas of interest.

With its combination of discussion-based instruction and explanation of problem-solving skills, this textbook highlights interdisciplinary theory and enabling tools derived from chemistry, biology, physics, medicine, and engineering. It also includes real-world examples related to energy, the environment, and medicine.

Author Malkiat S. Johal earned his Ph.D. from the University of Cambridge in England. He later served as a post-doctoral research associate at Los Alamos National Laboratory, New Mexico, where he worked on the nonlinear optical properties of nanoassemblies. Dr. Johal is currently a professor and researcher at Pomona College in Claremont, California. His work focuses on the use of self-assembly and ionic adsorption processes to fabricate nanomaterials for optical and biochemical applications.

Table of Contents

A Brief Introduction to Nanoscience
The Need for Nanoscience Education
The Nanoscale Dimension and the Scope of Nanoscience
Supramolecular Science
Sources of Information on Nanoscience

Intermolecular Interactions and Self- Assembly
Chapter Overview
Intermolecular Forces and Self- Assembly
Electrostatic Forces between Surfaces: The Electrical Double Layer
Intermolecular Forces and Aggregation
Simple Models Describing Electronic Structure
References and Recommended Reading
End of Chapter Questions

Rudiments of Surface Nanoscience

Chapter Overview
Fundamentals of Surface Science
Adsorption Phenomena: Self-Assembled Monolayers
Surface Chemistry
References and Recommended Reading
End of Chapter Questions

Characterization at the Nanoscale
Chapter Overview
Surface Tensiometry: The Surface Tensiometer
Quartz Crystal Microbalance
Surface Plasmon Resonance
Dual Polarization Interferometry
Spectroscopic Methods
Nonlinear Spectroscopic Methods
X-Ray Spectroscopy
Imaging Nanostructures
Light Scattering Methods
References and Recommended Reading
End of Chapter Questions

Types and Uses of Some Nanomaterials

Chapter Overview
Supramolecular Machines
Carbon Nanotubes
Quantum Dots
Langmuir-Blodgett Films
Polyelectrolytes .
Model Phospholipid Bilayer Formation and Characterization
Self-Assembled Monolayers
DNA and Lipid Microarrays
Cited References
References and Recommended Reading
End of Chapter Questions




Editorial Reviews

… physical chemists will enjoy building their teaching around the well-explained material in this book … students will find it clear and informative. In particular, the end- of-chapter questions are valuable.
Chemistry World

 ... will serve students well in their goal to gain a greater understanding of why nanoscaled systems are of great interest, how they are fabricated, and how they are characterized using a wide variety of analytical instrumentation very commonly found in university and industrial settings.
—Marcus D. Lay, University of Georgia, Athens, USA

The writing is very fluid. The problems and figures are good. Overall, I learned a great deal about surface science techniques from this manuscript.
—Lisa Klein, Rutgers University, Piscataway, New Jersey, USA