Managing Global Supply Chains

Managing Global Supply Chains: Compliance, Security, and Dealing with Terrorism

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Features

  1. Acknowledge the Issues
  2. Identify the Point Person
  3. Obtain Senior Management Authorization
  4. Develop an Initial Execution Strategy
  5. Obtain External Resources and Support
  6. Develop a Compliance and Security Committee
  7. Complete a Facilities Review
  8. Prioritize the Issues. Finalize an Action Plan. Implement the Program.
  9. Training and Education
  10. Self-Audit

Summary

September 11, 2001 had a profound impact upon individuals, institutions, and governments, but also upon the world of global trade. Years later, the reverberations of this deliberate and focused act of terrorism are manifest in much more stringent logistics, documentary requirements, and regulations. A single source on compliance and security, written from a supply chain manager’s perspective, Managing Global Supply Chains sorts out all the issues and frames a comprehensive strategy for supply chain executives in the post 9/11 world.

Table of Contents

Foreword
Acknowledgments
Introduction
The Events of 9/11 and How They Affect Global Supply Chains
Overview of Issues and Concerns
9/11: How Were Supply Lines Affected?
It Costs More to Ship
More Attention Had to Be Paid to Documentation and Logistics Detail
Regulations Changed, Making It More Cumbersome to Import and Export
Corporations Had to Modify Their Supply Lines
Purchasing and Selling Decisions Were Altered
Carriers’ Futures Were Uncertain
Increase in Potential Fines and Penalties
An Entirely New Corporate Responsibility Was Created in Security and Compliance
The Mind-Set of the United States Government
The Big Picture
The Risks of Global Trade: Now, Add Compliance and Security
The Security Concern in Our Transportation Infrastructure
Operation Safe Commerce (OSC)
Free and Secure Trade (FAST)
What Is the FAST program?
What Are the Benefits of the FAST Program?
Who Is Eligible to Apply?
Where Is FAST Available?
Compliance and Security: Import Supply Chains
Protecting our Borders Against Terrorism
CBP’s “Twin Goals”: Anti-Terrorism and Facilitating Legitimate Trade and Travel
Better Targeting
Pushing Our “Zone of Security” Outward
Partnering with Other Countries
Partnering with the Private Sector (C-TPAT)
Inspection Technology and Equipment
Keeping Weapons and Money from Falling into Terrorist Hands: Outbound Inspections
Protecting the Miles of Open Border Between Official Ports of Entry
Basic Import Management
Classification
Valuation
Origin Markings
Record Keeping
Importers
Customs Brokers
Records Storage Methods
Customs Initiatives Since 9/11
Highlights of CBP’s Accomplishments
Strengthening Our Control of U.S. Borders
Improving Selectivity, Screening, and Targeting
Private, Public Sector, and International Partnerships
Importer Self Assessment (ISA)
Food and Drug Administration (FDA) (Imports)
New (Interim) Final Rules Require Registration of Facilities, Prior Notice Filing for Food Shipments
Automated Commercial Environment (ACE)
Managing Inbound Supply Chains: Purchasing Control
Export Supply Chains
Department of Commerce Census Bureau
Department of Commerce Bureau of Industry and Security
USPPI
Export Licensing
Denied Parties Screening
Deemed Exports
Anti-Boycott Compliance
Department of Treasury Office of Foreign Asset Controls
Department of State
Implementing a Successful Export Compliance Program
Designating Responsibility
Senior Management Support
Developing Standard Operating Procedures
Best Practices
Internal Assessment
Developing a Compliance and Security Management Program
Analysis of Risks
Obtaining Senior Management Involvement
Forming a Committee Structure
Creating Standard Operating Procedures
Infrastructure and Communication Systems
Resource Development
Risk Management Attitude
Disaster and Contingency Planning
Self-Assessment
Managing Vendors, Suppliers, Freight Forwarders, Customhouse Brokers, and Service Providers for Compliance and Security Issues
Overview of Global Service Providers
Customhouse Brokers and Freight Forwarders
Specific Compliance and Security Reference Points for Forwarders and Brokers
Carriers: Air, Ocean, Truck, and Rail
Warehouses and Consolidation/De-Consolidation Facilities
Selling Distributors and Agents in Export
Purchasing Distributors and Agents in Import
Third-Party Providers
Banks and Other Finance Houses
Miscellaneous Companies and Services
Cost-Effective Logistics
Critical Issues in Compliance and Security
Sarbanes–Oxley and the Interface with Global Supply Chain Management
DOT Hazardous Material Regulations (49 CFR 100-179)
Purpose
Overview
Shipping Papers
Marking and Labeling
Labeling
Placarding
Segregation of Hazardous Materials
Packaging
Selection of Proper Packaging
Employee Training
Materials of Trade
Managing Hazardous Materials Transportation as Part of Compliance in Global Supply Chains
Facility Security Checklist
Security Checklist for Shipper
Carrier Safety Assessment
Employee Background Check Guidelines
International Port Security Program
The SAFE Port Act
Technology Issues In Compliance and Security
Department of Homeland Security (DHS): “Best Practices for
Container Seals”
Plan to Require Container Seals Motivates Adoption of 13 Cargo Security Best Practices
Standards and Deadline to Come
Getting Ahead of the Curve
Best Practices Outlined
Radio Frequency Identification (RFID): Smart and Secure
SST Phase I Results
SST Phase II Objectives
SST Phase II Benefits
SST Phase II Deliverables
Required Shipper’s Resources
Supply Chain Benefits
Foreign Corrupt Practices Act
Food and Drug Administration/Environmental Protection Agency
Propose Security Restrictions
Food and Drug Administration
Environmental Protection Agency
Ultimate Consignee
INCO Terms
Use of the Term “Ex Works” by Parties in International Contracts and Purchase Agreements
Routed Export Transactions under the July 10, 2000, Federal Register Notice
Responsibilities of Parties in a Routed Export Transaction
Record Keeping: A Vital Issue
Transfer Pricing: A Serious and Potentially Costly Compliance Issue
IRS, CBP, SEC, and DOJ Involvement?
What Business Travelers Need to Know
Container Security Update 2007
Customs-Trade Partnership Against Terrorism
Security Requirements for Validation of Participants
Business Partner Requirements
Security Procedures
Security Training and Threat Awareness
Information and Technology Security
CBP Proposal for Advance Trade Data Elements
Background
Security Filing: Proposed Data Requirements
Vessel Stow Plan: Container Status Messages
Security Filing: Responsible Parties
Notes
Annex A: Proposed Data Definitions
Annex B: Data Elements Comparison
Customs Bonds
Parties to a Bond
Types of Bonds
Amounts of Bonds
Continuous Bond
Breach of Bond
Ten Steps to a Secure and Compliant Supply Chain
Acknowledge the Issues
Identify the Point Person
Obtain Senior Management Authorization
Develop an Initial Execution Strategy
Obtain External Resources and Support
Develop a Compliance and Security Committee
Complete a Facilities Review
Prioritize the Issues. Finalize an Action Plan. Implement the Program
Training and Education
Self-Audit
Concluding Remarks
The Challenges of Compliance and Security in our Global Supply
Chains
Appendix
Legislation Related to the Attack of September 11, 2001
Bills and Joint Resolutions Signed into Law
Other Resolutions Approved
Legislation with Floor Action
New Government Cargo Security Rules Call on Forwarders to Work with Agents on Securing the Supply Chain
General Aviation Security: Increased Federal Oversight Is
Needed, but Continued Partnership with the Private Sector Is
Critical to Long-Term Success, GAO-05-144, November 10, 2004
Key Acronyms
Glossary
Index

 
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