Introduction to Nuclear Science

Introduction to Nuclear Science

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ISBN 9781420061642
Cat# 6164X
 
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ISBN 9781439890295
Cat# KE14686
 

Features

  • Reviews basic concepts of radiation, including atomic structure, nuclear reactions, and stability
  • Explains in detail radioactive decay modes and the energetics of nuclear transmutations, such as fusion and fission
  • Discusses applications of nuclear science through medicine, power generation, food safety, waste, and weapons
  • Provides a balanced view of current issues and fears involving nuclear power, waste concerns, and the health effects of exposure
  • Includes worked problems and examples from real applications throughout the chapters
  • Summary

    There are many excellent nuclear chemistry textbooks available for teaching science or engineering seniors or graduate students, but very few for those lacking a more extensive science and math background. And many of them are slipping out of date. Clearly, a more appropriate text is necessary. Introduction to Nuclear Science provides a much-needed textbook for those seeking a more accessible introduction to the topic.

    Simple in its concept but elegant in its execution, the book provides a complete introduction to nuclear chemistry and physics, including fundamental concepts, relevant mathematics, current applications, and health issues. The author covers energetics, radioactive decay, nuclear reactions, interactions of radiation with matter, detection methods, and safety measures, including monitoring and regulations. The text also includes material relevant to medical professionals generating and using ionizing radiation for diagnostics and therapy. It provides a balanced view of important contemporary topics such as nuclear power, weapons, and food/mail irradiation.

    The text is classroom tested and the author assumes his audience has a limited science and math background that includes some knowledge of algebra and general chemistry. The book not only helps educators teaching nuclear science to undergraduates without a calculus prerequisite, but fills the coming need to educate a new generation of workers in the nuclear industry. The text is also useful to scientists making a career move to the growing nuclear industry.

    This volume works well in conjunction with other CRC lab manuals. Check out Experiments in Nuclear Science.

    Table of Contents

    INTRODUCTION
    Radiation
    Atomic Structure
    Nuclear Transformations
    Nuclear Stability
    Ionizing Radiation
    A Biological Threat?
    The Chart of the Nuclides
    THE MATHEMATICS OF RADIOACTIVE DECAY
    Atomic Masses and Average Atomic Masses
    The Nature of Decay
    Specific Activity
    Dating
    Branched Decay
    Equilibria
    Secular Equilibrium
    Transient Equilibrium
    No Equilibrium
    Statistics
    ENERGY AND THE NUCLEUS
    Binding Energy
    Total Energy of Decay
    Decay Diagrams
    RADIOACTIVE DECAY: THE GORY DETAILS
    Alpha Decay
    Beta Decay
    Positron Decay
    Electron Capture
    Multiple Decay Modes
    The Valley of Beta Stability
    Isomeric Transitions
    Other Decay Modes
    Spontaneous Fission
    Cluster Decay
    Double Beta Decay
    Delayed Particle Emissions
    INTERACTIONS OF IONIZING RADIATION WITH MATTER
    Ionizing Radiation
    Charged Particles
    Photons
    Compton Scattering
    The Photoelectric Effect
    Pair Production
    Attenuation of X- and g-Radiation
    DETECTION OF IONIZING RADIATION
    Gas-Filled Detectors
    Ionization Chambers
    Proportional Counters
    Geiger-Müller Tubes
    Scintillation Detectors
    Photomultiplier Tubes
    Inorganic Scintillators
    Organic Scintillators
    Semiconductor Detectors
    Thermoluminescent Dosimeters
    Gamma Spectroscopy
    NUCLEAR REACTIONS
    Energetics
    Cross Section
    Yield
    Accelerators
    Cosmogenic Nuclides
    FISSION AND FUSION
    Spontaneous Fission
    Neutron-Induced Fission
    Fusion
    Stellar Nucleosynthesis
    Synthesis of Unknown Elements
    NUCLEAR REACTORS AND WEAPONS
    Fission Reactors
    Reactor Safety
    Nuclear Waste
    Cost of Nuclear Power
    Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons
    Fusion Reactors
    Nuclear Weapons
    Fission Weapons
    Thermonuclear Devices
    Neutron Bomb
    Bunker Buster
    Dirty Bombs
    NUCLEAR MEDICINE
    Radionuclide Production
    Radiopharmaceuticals
    Radiotracers
    RADIATION THERAPY AND FOOD IRRADIATION
    Radiation Therapy
    Food Irradiation
    RADIATION PROTECTION
    Terms
    Regulations and Recommendations
    Risk
    X-RAY PRODUCTION
    Conventional X-ray Beams
    High-Energy X-ray Beams
    Appendix A: Useful Constants, Conversion Factors and Formulas
    Appendix B: Periodic Table of the Elements
    Appendix C: Table of Chi-Squared

    Author Bio(s)

    Editorial Reviews

    "This is an excellent first guide to undergraduate and postgraduate students studying many aspects of the nuclear sciences, from the basics of radioactive decay to nuclear medicine and other applications of radioactivity. It is well written, combining good robust science with clarity and ease of reading."
    —Nick Evans, Reviews, July 2011, No. 22, Vol 12

    … It manages to unify physical, chemical, biological, medical and technical aspects of nuclear science … Very useful are the many examples given in the text … The quality of the print and figures is good throughout. The book incontrovertibly deserves a recommendation as a good read for students taking a course in nuclear sciences and all interested readers on an undergraduate level.
    Contemporary Physics, Vol. 52, No. 1, January 2011

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