Introduction to Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

Introduction to Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

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ISBN 9781420047790
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Features

  • Provides a complete and integrated introduction to the science and applications of the modern nano landscape
  • Takes a nano-centric approach rather than discussing nano-related topics from other fields such as chemistry or physics
  • Presents all illustrations in full vibrant color
  • Offers material ideally suited to a two-semester introductory course in nanoscience and nanotechnology for students from any discipline
  • Discusses the unfolding business landscape of nanotechnology to guide future entrepreneurs
  • Qualifying instructors receive online access to ample teaching material for a one- or two-semester course 

    Summary

    The maturation of nanotechnology has revealed it to be a unique and distinct discipline rather than a specialization within a larger field. Its textbook cannot afford to be a chemistry, physics, or engineering text focused on nano. It must be an integrated, multidisciplinary, and specifically nano textbook. The archetype of the modern nano textbook, Introduction to Nanoscience and Nanotechnology builds a solid background in characterization and fabrication methods while integrating the physics, chemistry, and biology facets. The remainder of this color text focuses on applications, examining engineering aspects as well as nanomaterials and industry-specific applications in such areas as energy, electronics, and biotechnology.

    Also available in two course-specific volumes:

    Introduction to Nanoscience elucidates the nanoscale along with the societal impacts of nanoscience, then presents an overview of characterization and fabrication methods. The authors systematically discuss the chemistry, physics, and biology aspects of nanoscience, providing a complete picture of the challenges, opportunities, and inspirations posed by each facet before giving a brief glimpse at nanoscience in action: nanotechnology.

    Fundamentals of Nanotechnology surveys the field’s broad landscape, exploring the physical basics such as nanorheology, nanofluidics, and nanomechanics as well as industrial concerns such as manufacturing, reliability, and safety. The authors then explore the vast range of nanomaterials and systematically outline devices and applications in various industrial sectors.

    Qualifying instructors who purchase either of these volumes (or the combined set) are given online access to a wealth of instructional materials. These include detailed lecture notes, review summaries, slides, exercises, and more. The authors provide enough material for both one- and two-semester courses.

    Table of Contents

    Perspectives

    Introduction

    Nanoscience and Nanotechnology—The Distinction

    Historical Perspectives

    Advanced Materials

    Tools of Nano

    Nature’s Take on Nano and the Advent of Molecular Biology

    The Nano Perspective


    Societal Implications of Nano

    Introduction to Societal Issues

    Ethical Implications

    Legal Implications

    Environmental Implications

    Public Perception

    Future of Nanotechnology

     

    Nanotools

    Characterization Methods

    Characterization of Nanomaterials

    Electron Probe Methods

    Scanning Probe Microscopy Methods

    Spectroscopic Methods

    Nonradiative and Nonelectron Characterization Methods

    Fabrication Methods

    Fabrication of Nanomaterials

    Top-Down Fabrication

    Bottom-Up Fabrication

    Computational Chemistry and Molecular Modeling

     

    Physics: Properties and Phenomena

    Materials, Structure, and the Nanosurface

    Importance of the Surface

    Engineering Materials

    Particle Shape and the Surface

    Surface and Volume

    Atomic Structure

    Particle Orientation


    Energy at the Nanoscale

    Surface Energy

    Basic Thermodynamics

    Liquid State

    Surface Energy (and Stress) of Solids

    Surface Energy Minimization Mechanisms


    The Material Continuum

    Material Continuum

    Basic Quantum Mechanics and the Solid State

    Zero-Dimensional Materials

    One-Dimensional Materials

    Two-Dimensional Materials

    Hierarchical Structures

    Quantum Size Effects and Scaling Laws


    Nanothermodynamics

    Thermodynamics and Nanothermodynamics

    Classical Equilibrium Thermodynamics

    Statistical Mechanics

    Other Kinds of Thermodynamics

    Nanothermodynamics

    Modern Nanothermodynamics

     

    Chemistry: Synthesis and Modification

    Carbon-Based Nanomaterials

    Carbon

    Fullerenes

    Carbon Nanotubes

    Diamondoid Nanomaterials


    Chemical Interactions at the Nanoscale

    Bonding Considerations at the Nanoscale

    Electrostatic Interactions

    Hydrogen Bonding

    Van der Waals Attractions

    Hydrophobic Effect


    Supramolecular Chemistry

    Chemistry of Nanomaterials

    Supramolecular Chemistry

    Design and Synthesis of Selected Supramolecular Species

    Extended Supramolecular Structures


    Chemical Synthesis and Modification of Nanomaterials

    Chemistry and Chemical Modification

    Self-Assembly Revisited

    Synthesis and Chemical Modification of Nanomaterials

    Template Synthesis

    Polymer Chemistry and Nanocomposites

     

    Natural and Bionanoscience

    Natural Nanomaterials

    Natural Nanomaterials

    Inorganic Natural Nanomaterials

    Nanomaterials from the Animal Kingdom

    Nanomaterials Derived from Cell Walls

    Nanomaterials in Insects

    Gecko Feet: Adhesive Nanostructures

    More Natural Fibers

    Summary


    Biomolecular Nanoscience

    Introduction to Biomolecular Nanoscience

    Material Basis of Life

    Cellular Membranes and Signaling Systems

    DNA, RNA, and Protein Synthesis

    Concluding Remarks

     

    SECTION II:


    Perspectives

    Introduction

    Perspectives of Nanotechnology

    The Business of Nanotechnology

    Education and Workforce Development

    Buildings for Nanotech

    National and International In-frastructure

    Nanotechnology Products


    Nanometrology: Standards and Nanomanufacturing

    The Transition, the Need

    Nanometrology and Uncertainty

    Quantum Metrology

    Nanometrology Tools

    Nanometrology and Nanomanufacturing Standards

    Nanomanufacturing and Molecular Assembly

     

    Electromagnetic Engineering

    Nanoelectronics

    Electronics and Nanoelectronics

    Microelectronics

    Nanoscale Electronics


    Nano-optics

    Introduction to Optics

    The Surface Plasmon

    Quantum Dots

    Near-Field Microscopies

    Nanophotonics


    Nanomagnetism

    Introduction

    Characteristics of Nanomagnetic Systems

    Magnetism in Reduced Dimensional Systems

    Physical Properties of Magnetic Nanostructures

    Recent Progress in Nanoscale Sample Preparation

    Nanomagnetism Applications


    Mechanical Nanoengineering

    Nanomechanics

    Introduction

    Three-Atom Chain

    Lattice Mechanics

    Stress and Strain

    Linear Elasticity Relations

    Molecular Dynamics

    Structure and Mechanical Properties of Carbon Nanotubes

    Nanomechanical Measurement Techniques and Applications

    Nano-Microelectromechanical Systems (NEMS/MEMS)


    Nanostructure and Nanocomposite Thin Films

    Introduction

    Classification of Nanostructured, Nanocomposite Tribological Coatings

    Background of Nanostructured Super-Hard Coatings

    New Directions for Nanostructured Super-Tough Coatings

    Processing Techniques and Principles

    General Considerations and Practical Aspects of Sputtering Deposition


    Applications of Thin Films

    Technological Applications of Thin Films

    Unbalanced Magnetron Sputtering of Ti–Al–Si–N Coatings

    Unbalanced Magnetron Sputtering of Ti–Si–B–C–N Coatings

    Pulsed Closed Field Unbalanced Magnetron Sputtering of Cr–Al–N Coatings

     

    Chemical Nanoengineering

    Nanocatalysis

    Introduction to Catalytic and Nanocatalytic Materials

    Fundamentals of Catalysis

    Synthesis

    Catalyst Characterization


    Nanocomposites and Fibers

    Nanocomposites and Fibers

    Physical and Chemical Properties of Materials

    Natural Nanocomposites

    Carbon Fibers and Nanotubes

    Organic Polymer Nanocomposites

    Metal and Ceramic Nanocomposites

    Clay Nanocomposite Materials

     

    Biological and Environmental Nanoengineering

    Nanobiotechnology

    Introduction to Nanobiotechnology

    The Biological Immune System

    Using Antibodies in Biosensors: Immunoassays

    Cantilevers as Nano-Biosensors

    Micro- and Nanosensors and Applications

    Optical Nanosensors

    Nanotechnology for Manipulation of Biomolecules


    Biomimetics

    The Bio Sciences and Technologies

    Biomimetic Design of Molecules

    Biomimetic Nanomaterials

    Biomimetic Nanoengineering


    Medical Nanotechnology

    Introduction to Medical Nanotechnology

    Nanoparticles and Nanoencapsulation for Medical Applications

    Guiding and Stimulating Tissue Function and Growth


    Environmental Nanotechnology

    The Environment (and Technology)

    Water and Soil Quality, Monitoring, and Mitigation

    Air Quality, Monitoring, and Mitigation

    Energy

    Epilogue