Annual cotton production exceeds 25 million metric tons and accounts for more than 40 percent of the textile fiber consumed worldwide. A key textile fiber for over 5000 years, this complex carbohydrate is also one of the leading crops to benefit from genetic engineering. Cotton Fiber Chemistry and Technology offers a modern examination of cotton chemistry and physics, classification, production, and applications. The book incorporates new insight, technological developments, and other considerations.
The book focuses on providing the most up-to-date information on cotton fiber chemistry and properties. Written by leading authorities in cotton chemistry and science, the book details fiber biosynthesis, structure, chemical composition and reactions, physical properties and includes information on biotech, organic, and colored cotton. The final chapters examine worldwide production, consumption, markets, and trends in the cotton industry. They also address environmental, workplace, and consumer risks from exposure to processing chemicals and emissions.
Tracing the conversion of cotton fibers from raw materials into marketable products, Cotton Fiber Chemistry and Technology offers a complete overview of the science, technology, and economic factors that impact cotton production and applications today.
GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF COTTON
BIOSYNTHESIS OF COTTON
CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF COTTON
SOLVENTS FOR COTTON
STRUCTURAL PROPERTIES OF COTTON
Cellulose Molecule—Constitution and Molecular Weight Distributions
Three-Dimensional Structures of Cellulose Molecules, Crystallites, and Fibers
Crystal and Microfibrillar Structure by Chemical Methods
CHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF COTTON
PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF COTTON
Maturity and Fineness
Elongation, Elasticity, Stiffness, Resilience, Toughness, and Rigidity
Advanced Fiber Information System
COTTON FIBER CLASSIFICATION AND CHARACTERIZATION
U.S. Classification System
Classification Systems of Some Countries Other Than the United States
Impact and Future of HVI Systems
PRODUCTION, CONSUMPTION, MARKETS, AND APPLICATIONS
Production, Consumption, and Markets
ENVIRONMENTAL, WORKPLACE, AND CONSUMER CONSIDERATIONS