Introduction to Materials Science and Engineering

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ISBN 9780849392634
Cat# 9263



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  • Provides a detailed yet easily accessible introduction to materials science
  • Focuses on applications of materials in various areas of engineering while thoroughly explaining the underlying physics, chemistry, and mathematics
  • Links the discussion to materials from the life sciences and includes modern topics such as thin films and nanomaterials
  • Underscores the theoretical discussion with real-life examples, stories, exercises, and discussion problems
  • Offers downloadable teaching aids including PowerPoint slides and a solutions manual for qualifying instructors
  • Summary

    Our civilization owes its most significant milestones to our use of materials. Metals gave us better agriculture and eventually the industrial revolution, silicon gave us the digital revolution, and we’re just beginning to see what carbon nanotubes will give us. Taking a fresh, interdisciplinary look at the field, Introduction to Materials Science and Engineering emphasizes the importance of materials to engineering applications and builds the basis needed to select, modify, or create materials to meet specific criteria.

    The most outstanding feature of this text is the author’s unique and engaging application-oriented approach. Beginning each chapter with a real-life example, an experiment, or several interesting facts, Yip-Wah Chung wields an expertly crafted treatment with which he entertains and motivates as much as he informs and educates. He links the discipline to the life sciences and includes modern developments such as nanomaterials, polymers, and thin films while working systematically from atomic bonding and analytical methods to crystalline, electronic, mechanical, and magnetic properties as well as ceramics, corrosion, and phase diagrams.

    Woven among the interesting examples, stories, and Chinese folk tales is a rigorous yet approachable mathematical and theoretical treatise. This makes Introduction to Materials Science and Engineering an effective tool for anyone needing a strong background in materials science for a broad variety of applications.

    Table of Contents

    What Is Materials Science and Engineering?
    Fundamental Principles
    Atomic and Molecular Bonding
    Crystal Structures
    Labeling Directions and Planes
    Determination of Structure and Composition Using X-Rays
    What Is Next?
    Crystalline Imperfections and Diffusion
    Cloudy and Clear Ice Experiments
    Imperfections—Good or Bad?
    Solid Solutions
    Point Defects
    Line Defects
    Planar Defects
    Precipitates as Three-Dimensional Defects
    Amorphous Solids
    Temperature Dependence of Defect Concentration
    Atomic Diffusion
    Applications of Impurity Diffusion
    Diffusion in Biological Systems
    What Is Next?
    Appendix: Vacancy Concentration versus Temperature
    Electrical Properties of Metals and Semiconductors
    World of Electronics
    Definitions and Units
    Classical Model of Electronic Conduction in Metals
    Resistivity Rules for Dilute Metallic Alloys
    Energy Band Model for Electronic Conduction
    Intrinsic Semiconductors
    Extrinsic Semiconductors
    Selected Semiconductor Devices
    Electron Tunneling
    Thin Films and Size Effects
    Thermoelectric Energy Conversion
    Electrical Signaling in Neurons: Lessons from Mother Nature
    Appendix: Ohm’s Law and Definitions
    Mechanical Properties
    Gossamer Condor and Gossamer Albatross
    Definitions and Units
    Basic Facts
    Plastic Deformation
    Plastic Deformation of Polycrystalline Materials
    Recovery of Plastically Deformed Metals
    Mechanical Properties, Surface Chemistry, and Biology
    Materials Selection: Mechanical Considerations
    Biomedical Considerations
    Phase Diagrams
    Rocket Nozzles
    Phase Diagram for a Single-Component System: Graphite/Diamond
    Phase Diagram for a Common Binary System: NaCl + H2O
    Phase Diagram for a Binary Isomorphous System: Ni + Cu
    Binary Eutectic Alloys: Microstructure Development
    Zone Refining
    Application of Phase Diagrams in Making Steels
    Shape Memory Alloys
    Phase Transformation in Biological Systems: Denaturation of Proteins
    Application of Phase Diagrams in Making Nanocrystalline Materials
    Phase Diagrams for Dentistry
    Ceramics and Composites
    Recipe for Ice Frisbees
    Crystal Structures
    Mechanical Properties
    Toughening of Ceramics
    Electrical, Magnetic, Optical, and Thermal Applications
    Mechanical Properties of Composites
    Biomedical Applications
    Rubber Band Experiments
    Polyethylene as a Typical Polymer
    Beyond Polyethylene: Polymer Structures
    Common Polymers and Typical Applications
    Solid Solutions (Copolymers)
    Mechanical Properties
    Crystallization, Melting, and Glass Transition Temperatures
    Rubber Band Mystery Unveiled
    Fire Retardants for Polymers
    Selected Electro-Optical Applications
    Polymer and Life Sciences
    Corrosion and Oxidation of Metals and Alloys
    Silverware Cleaning Magic
    Conventional Example of Corrosion
    Electrode Potentials
    Influence of Concentration and Temperature on Electrode Potentials
    Power by Corrosion: The Cu–Zn Battery
    The Hydrogen Fuel Cell
    Rusting of Iron
    Conditions for Corrosion
    Rate of Corrosion
    Corrosion Control
    A Few Examples for Thought
    Common Batteries
    Magnetic Properties
    Flashlight without Batteries
    Tiny Magnets for Data Storage
    Magnetism Fundamentals and Definitions
    Diamagnetic and Paramagnetic Materials
    Magnetic Materials: Ferromagnetism and Antiferromagnetism
    Magnetic Materials for Power Generation
    Magnetic Materials for Data Storage
    Medical, Surveying, and Materials Applications
    Magnetic and Force Shields
    Thin Films
    Why Thin Films?
    Deposition of Thin Films
    Structure and Morphology
    Selected Properties and Applications
    Biomedical Applications
    Appendix: Obtaining the Projected Area of Contact in Nanoindentation Experiments

    Downloads / Updates

    Resource OS Platform Updated Description Instructions Cross Platform February 09, 2009