Corrosion Science and Technology, Second Edition

Corrosion Science and Technology, Second Edition

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ISBN 9780849392481
Cat# 9248

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Features

  • Explores new material on corrosion resistance across a number of metals and alloys
  • Offers new chapters that focus on corrosion control in marine environments and in power generation
  • Explains the scientific principles needed to address corrosion control
  • Discusses how select industries tackle critical corrosion issues
  • Presents cost-effective resources and methods for corrosion control
  • Summary

    Despite their efforts, industries continue to lose millions of dollars every year to the destructive effects of corrosion on both structures and equipment. A large part of the problem is that diagnosing its causes and developing strategies to avoid corrosion depend on the application of principles drawn from a broad spectrum of physical sciences not typically encountered in engineering and other technical disciplines associated with industrial production.

    While continuing to fully explain the basic principles needed to understand corrosion science, this new edition of Corrosion Science and Technology has been updated and expanded to present the very latest technologies and strategies for limiting costly metal degradation caused by corrosion. Written by respected experts who possess an understanding of the sciences involved as well as experience with the development of corrosion control methods, this volume describes the chemistry, electrochemistry, physics, and metallurgy of various types of metals, and evaluates numerous protection measures and surface treatments.

    New to the Second Edition

    •          New chapters that examine the corrosion resistance of copper, nickel, titanium, and their respective alloys

    •          An entire chapter devoted to the expanded discussion of cathodic protection by impressed current and sacrificial anodes

    •          Extended coverage of the equipment used in the medicine, power generation, and marine environments

    •          Additional case histories and recently employed real-world applications

    Exploring corrosion control methods used in an expanded variety of commercial enterprises including aviation, automobile manufacturing, food processing, and building construction, this practical guide presents proven and cost-effective methods that industrial engineers can call upon to better protect material assets.

    Table of Contents

    Overview of Corrosion and Protection Strategies
    Corrosion in Aqueous Media
    Thermal Oxidation
    Environmentally Sensitive Cracking
    Strategies for Corrosion Control
    Some Symbol Conventions and Equations
    Structures Participating in Corrosion Processes
    Origins and Characteristics of Structure
    The Structure of Water and Aqueous Solutions
    The Structures of Metal Oxides
    The Structures of Metals
    Thermodynamics and Kinetics of Corrosion Processes
    Thermodynamics of Aqueous Corrosion
    Kinetics of Aqueous Corrosion
    Thermodynamics and Kinetics of Dry Oxidation
    Mixed-Metal Systems
    Galvanic Stimulation
    Galvanic Protection
    The Intervention of Stress
    Environment-Sensitive Cracking
    Enhanced Corrosion in Flowing or Turbulent Aqueous Media
    Stress-Corrosion Cracking (SCC)
    Corrosion Fatigue
    Enhanced Corrosion in Flowing or Turbulent Aqueous Media
    Precautions against Stress-Induced Failures
    Protective Coatings
    Surface Preparation
    Electrodeposition
    Hot-Dip Coatings
    Conversion Coatings
    Paint Coatings for Metals
    Corrosion of Iron and Steels
    Iron and Steel Microstructures
    Rusting
    Oxidation of Iron and Steels
    Stainless Steels
    Phase Equilibria
    Commercial Stainless Steels
    Resistance to Aqueous Corrosion
    Resistance to Dry Oxidation
    Applications
    Applications of Cast Stainless Steels
    Corrosion Resistance of Aluminum and Aluminum Alloys
    Physical Metallurgy of Some Standard Alloys
    Corrosion Resistance
    Corrosion Resistance of Copper and Copper Alloys
    Chemical Properties and Corrosion Behavior of Pure Copper
    Constitutions and Corrosion Behavior of Copper Alloys
    Corrosion Resistance of Nickel and Its Alloys
    Chemical Properties and Corrosion Behavior of Pure Nickel
    Constitutions and Corrosion Behavior of Nickel Alloys
    Corrosion Resistance of Titanium and Its Alloys
    Chemical Characteristics and Corrosion Behavior of Pure Titanium
    Constitutions and Corrosion Behavior of Titanium Alloys
    Applications
    Cathodic Protection
    Principles
    Buried Pipelines and Distribution Systems
    Cathodic Protection in Open Waters
    Side Reactions and Overprotection
    Measuring Instruments
    Corrosion and Corrosion Control in Aviation
    Airframes
    Gas Turbine Engines
    Corrosion Control in Automobile Manufacture
    Overview
    Corrosion Protection for Automobile Bodies
    Corrosion Protection for Engines
    Bright Trim
    Corrosion Control in Food Processing and Distribution
    General Considerations
    The Application of Tinplate for Food and Beverage Cans
    Dairy Industries
    Brewing
    Control of Corrosion in Building Construction
    Introduction
    Structures
    Cladding
    Metal Roofs, Siding, and Flashing
    Plumbing and Central Heating Installations
    Corrosion of Metals in Timber
    Application of Stainless Steels in Leisure Pool Buildings
    Corrosion Control in Marine Environments
    Natures of Marine Environments
    Ships
    Offshore Platforms
    Corrosion Control in Steam-Raising Plant for Power Generation
    Fossil Fuel-Fired Boilers
    Recirculating Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR) Steam Generators
    Principles of Corrosion Testing
    Accelerated Tests
    Exposure Tests
    Pilot Tests
    Stress-Enhanced Corrosion Tests
    Tests for Resistance to Thermal Oxidation
    Index