Biomechanics in Ergonomics, Second Edition

Biomechanics in Ergonomics, Second Edition

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Features

  • Features a whole body approach, including tissues, organs, and various regions of the body
  • Describes biomechanical risk factors and supplies exposure assessment tools and techniques
  • Provides a conceptual framework around which biomechanics and ergonomics can be presented and discussed
  • Discusses ergonomics factors and their possible role on disc degeneration
  • Examines anatomy function and biomechanical models for the shoulders
  • Supplies scientific bases and mechanisms of how risk factors precipitate injuries
  • Considers posture, postural loads, posture correction, and their impact on body regions, working environments, and activities
  • Explores the ergonomics and biomechanics of prolonged sitting, climbing ladders, and slips, trips, and falls

Summary

Safety or comfort? Can you truly have one without the other? Is it feasible to have both? Although by no means the only factor, a deep understanding of biomechanics plays a leading role in the design of work and workplaces that are both pain and injury free. Standing firmly on the foundation built by the previous edition, the second edition of Biomechanics in Ergonomics establishes an understanding of gross biomechanical loads on the human system at the tissue level and then brings that understanding through to the whole body level.

Applications for the Real World

Produced under the aegis of editor Shrawan Kumar with contributors who are leading scholars in the field, the book contains unique chapters such as Exposure Assessment Tools and Techniques and Cumulative Load and Models. Also included is a chapter on hand tools, which have a real application to the field of ergonomics.

New and significantly revamped chapters:

  • Theories of occupational musculoskeletal injury causation
  • Anthropometry and Biomechanics — Anthropometrics
  • Mechanical Exposure Assessment in the Design of Work
  • Determinant of Muscle Strength
  • Biomechanics of Gloves
  • The ACGIH TLV® for Hand Activity Level
  • Whiplash Injuries — In Vitro Studies
  • Whiplash Injuries — In Vivo Studies
  • Models in Manual Materials Handling
  • Revised NIOSH Lifting Equation
  • Whole Body Vibration
  • Cumulative Load and Models

Create Safety Through Better Workplace Design

The book dives deep into the biomechanics of the connective tissues before thoroughly covering upper and lower extremities, shoulder and neck, low back, and whole body mechanics. With chapters selected and designed to provide extensive coverage of ergonomically relevant biomechanics, this volume supplies an integrated understanding of the inseparable relationship between ergonomics and biomechanics that can be translated into better safety design and better workplaces.

Table of Contents

General
Theories of Occupational Musculoskeletal Injury Causation, S. Kumar
Anthropometry and Biomechanics: Anthromechanics, K.H.E. Kroemer
Mechanical Exposure Assessment in the Design of Work, W.P. Neumann and R. Wells
Tissue Biomechanics
Tissue Mechanics of Ligaments and Tendons, S.L-Y. Woo, T.D. Nguyen, N. Papas, and R. Liang
Ligament Sprains and Healing, R.S. Boorman, N.G. Shrive, L.L. Marchuk, and C.B. Frank
Bone Biomechanics and Fractures, S. Judex, G. Olender, W.C. Whiting, and R. Zernicke
Determinants of Muscle Strength, W. Herzog
Upper Extremity
Functional Anatomy of the Upper Limb (Extremity), A.H. Walji
Hand Grasping, Finger Pinching, and Squeezing, S.N. Imrhan
Hand tools, A. Mital, A. Subramanian, and A. Pennathur
Biomechanics of Gloves, R.R. Bishu, V. Gnaneswaran, and D. Liu
Work and Activity-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders of the Upper Extremity, R. Wells and P. Keir
ACGIH TLV for Hand Activity Level, T.J. Armstrong
Biomechanical Models of the Hand, Wrist, and Elbow in Ergonomics, R.E. Hughes and K.-N. An
Shoulder and Neck
Biomechanical Modeling of the Shoulder Anatomy, K. Gielo-Perczak and J. Rasmussen
Whiplash Injuries: In Vitro Studies, N. Yoganandan, B.D. Stemper, F.A. Pintar, and R.D. Rao
Whiplash Injuries: In Vivo Studies, R. Ferrari
Low Back
Low Back Disorders, E.R. Vieira
Models in Manual Materials Handling, J.C. Woldstad, M.M. Ayoub, and J.L. Smith
Revised NIOSH Lifting Equation, T.R. Waters
Whole Body Biomechanics
Whole Body Vibration, J. Village and J.Morrison
Cumulative Load and Models, S. Kumar
Posture, S. Konz
Biomechanics in Work Seating Design, J. Eklund
Biomechanics During Ladder and Stair Climbing and Walking on Ramps and Other Irregular Surfaces, A.S. Merryweather and D.S. Bloswick
Slips, Trips, and Falls, R. Grönqvist
Index

 
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