Submarine Groundwater

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ISBN 9780849335761
Cat# 3576



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ISBN 9781420005257
Cat# E3576



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  • Addresses the quantitative assessment of groundwater contributions to water and salt balance into seas and lakes
  • Examines the intrusion of seawaters into aquifers in freshwater coastal well fields
  • Supports discussions of methods with case studies of groundwater discharge to oceans and seas
  • Describes the role of groundwater discharge in the formation of the salt content in ocean, lake, and sea water
  • Highlights the role of groundwater in the water and salt balances of coastal zones of different regions and in the global scale
  • Summary

    Sustainable management of water resources is quickly increasing in importance on a global scale. An important piece of the puzzle is the characterization of marine water and determining its importance to geochemical budgets. To do this, submarine groundwater discharges must be carefully studied. Comprehensively exploring the subject, Submarine Groundwater presents quantitative data relating groundwater contribution to the water/salt balance of regional and global bodies of water.

    The authors examine different data-supported methods for studying submarine groundwater flow and discharge through case studies contributed by leading international scientists. They discuss the maintenance of optimal water, salt, temperature and hydrobiological regimes of inland seas and large lakes. The book covers subsurface water exchange between the land and sea as well as groundwater discharge to the seas. It also provides a review of experimental methods and numerical modeling that can be used for the evaluation of specific discharge data and the effect of groundwater on the salt balance of seas and oceans.

    Defining the field of marine hydrogeology as a science that studies submarine groundwater, its properties, circulation, and distribution, Submarine Groundwater delineates the role of quantitative assessment of subsurface water exchange between land and sea in predicting its changes under the influence of natural factors and human activity. It provides a framework for assessing different methods and making the best choice for various situations.

    Table of Contents

    Groundwater – Sea water interaction in the Coastal Zone
    Present Concept of Subsurface Water Exchange of Land and Sea
    Groundwater Discharge to Seas
    Sea Water Intrusion into Fresh Water Aquifers
    Submarine Springs
    Biogeochemical Significance of Submarine Groundwater
    Methods of study and quantitative assessment of groundwater discharge into seas and lakes – advantages and liomitations
    Methods of Land Studying in the Coastal Zone
    Methods of Marine Hydrogeological Investigations
    Groundwater contribution to global water and salt balance
    Groundwater and Hydrogeological Structures of Sea and Ocean Bottom
    Quantitative Assessment of Submarine Groundwater Discharge to the World Ocean from Continents
    The Role of Groundwater Flow in the Formation of a Salt Balance and the Chemical Composition of Seas and Oceans
    Influence of Submarine Sedimentation Water on the Water and Salt Balance of Oceans
    Natural Regional and Global Regularities of Submarine Groundwater Formation and Distribution
    Prediction of Future Groundwater Flux on the Global Hydrological Cycle under Climate Change Impact
    Groundwater Discharge to the Baltic Sea
    Groundwater Discharge to the Caspian Sea
    Groundwater Discharge to the Aral Sea
    Groundwater Discharge to the Black Sea
    Groundwater Discharge to the Mediterranean Sea
    Groundwater Discharge to Biscayne Bay, Florida
    Groundwater Contribution to Water and Salt Balance of Large Lakes
    Groundwater Discharge to Baikal Lake
    Groundwater Discharge to the Balkhash Lake
    Groundwater Discharge to Issyk-Kul Lake
    Groundwater Discharge to some lakes of Karelia
    Estimation of Groundwater Discharge into the Lake Ladoga
    Specific Features of Water Exchange between Lakes and Groundwater in the Permafrost of Pechora-Ural Region
    Remediation in the Coastal Zone
    Use of Salt Water/Fresh Water Models in Remediation
    Effects of Tidal Pumping
    Monitoring in Tidal Zone
    Natural Attenuation in Coastal Zone
    Social and Legal Aspects of Coastal Zones Use