Nanostructure control of materials

Nanostructure control of materials

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ISBN 9780849334498
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Features

  • provides detailed insights into the synthesis/structure and property relationships of nanostructured materials
  • covers topics ranging from the special properties resulting from nanodimensionality through hydrogen storage in nanostructured materials and nanofabrication
  • Summary

    Nanotechnology is an area of science and technology where dimensions and tolerances in the range of 0.1nm to 100nm play a critical role. Nanotechnology has opened up new worlds of opportunity. It encompasses precision engineering as well as electronics, electromechanical systems and mainstream biomedical applications in areas as diverse as gene therapy, drug delivery, and novel drug discovery techniques. Nanostructured materials present exciting opportunities for manipulating structure and properties on the nanometer scale. The ability to engineer novel structures at the molecular level has led to unprecedented opportunities for materials design. Valuable for materials scientists, mechanical and electronic engineers, and medical researchers, this new book provides detailed insights into the synthesis and the structure and property relationships of nanostructured materials.

    Table of Contents

    INTRODUCTION: SPECIAL PROPERTIES RESULTING FROM NANODIMENSIONALITY, A.J. HILL AND R.H.J. HANNINK

    NANOPARTICLE TECHNOLOGIES AND APPLICATIONS, P. Casey
    Introduction
    Commercial Production of Nanoparticles
    Synthesis and Production Processes
    Examples of Commercial Production
    Applications
    Future Challenge of Nanoparticle Production

    NANOMETRIC ARCHITECTURES: EMERGENCE OF EFFICIENT NON-CRYSTALLINE ATOMIC ORGANIZATION IN NANOSTRUCTURES, T. Aste and T.D.i Matteo
    Introduction
    Equal Spheres Packings
    Searching for Structure: The Radial Distribution Function
    Local Motifs and Orientation Symmetry
    Understanding the Structure: Local Geometrial Organization
    A Packing of Tetrahedral
    Structural Organization and Packing Fraction
    Packing Hierarchy: The Topological Structure Beyond First Neighbours
    Can Disorder be More Efficient?
    Conclusions
    Acknowledgments
    References

    NANOSTRUCTURE CHARACTERISATION USING ELECTRON-BEAM TECHNIQUES, J. Drennan and J. Riches
    Introduction
    Sample Preparation
    Nanoanalysis
    Imaging
    Future Trends
    Acknowledgments
    References

    ORGANIC/INORGANIC NANOCOMPOSITE MEMBRANES FOR MOLECULAR SEPARATION PROCESSES, T.C. Merkel and I. Pinnau
    Introduction
    Transport in Dense Membranes
    Transport in Composite Materials
    Nanocomposite Membrane Research
    Conclusions and Future Trends
    References

    DEVELOPING FAST ION CONDUCTORS FROM NANOSTRUCTURED POLYMERS, M. Forsyth, J. Adebahr, N. Byrne and D. Macfarlane
    Introduction
    Polymer Electrolytes
    Composite Electrolytes
    Conclusions
    References

    NANOSTRUCTURES IN BIOLOGICAL MATERIALS, H. Gao, H. Yao, and B Ji
    Introduction
    Nanostructures of Biological Materials
    Mechanics of Bulk Nanostructures of Bone-Like Materials
    Mechanics of Surface Nanostructure of Gecko-Like Materials
    Conclusions
    Future Trends
    Acknowledgment
    References

    MAGNETIC RESONANCE TO STUDY NANOPRECIPITATION IN LIGHT METAL ALLOYS, T. Bastow and K. Nairn
    Introduction
    NMR- A Novel Method for Studying Precipitation in Alloys
    NMR Spectra of Alloys
    Conclusions
    References

    NANOCRYSTALLINE LIGHT METAL HYDRIDES FOR HYDROGEN STORAGE, T. Klassen
    Introduction
    Production of Nanocrystalline Light Metal Hydrides
    Processes of Hydrogen Absorption and Desorption
    Nanocrystalline Mg-Based Hydrides
    Nanocrystalline Alanates
    Evalauation of Technical Potential of Nanocrystalline Hydrides
    Future Trends
    References

    NANOENGINEERING OF METALLIC MATERIALS, R. Lumley and A. Morton
    Introduction
    Nano-Engineering of Metallic Materials
    Age Hardened Alloys
    High Strength Low Alloy (HSLA) Steels
    Mechanical Alloying
    Amorphous Solids and Controlled Crystallisation through Rapid Solidification
    Future Trends
    References

    MECHANICAL BEHAVIOUR OF METALLIC NANOLAMINATES, A. Misra
    Introduction
    Methods of Synthesizing Metallic Nanolaminates
    Overview of Strengthening Mechanisms
    Dependence of Nanolaminte Strength on Layer Thickness
    Modeling of Single Dislocation Behaviour
    Plastic stability of Nanolaminates
    Conclusions
    Acknowledgments
    References

    Preparation of monolithic nanocrystalline ceramics, G. Rixecker, Z. Burghard, L. Gao, and F Aldinger
    Introduction
    Synthesis of Nonmetallic-Inorganic Nanoparticles
    Green Shaping of Nanoceramic bodies
    Densification
    Specific Properties and Applications
    Conclusions and Future Trends
    References

    Nanofabrication, E. Harvey and M. Ghantasala
    Introduction
    Nano Materials - Top Down and Bottom Up Approaches
    Fabrication Technologies - Additive/Subtractive Methods
    Lithography Based Technologies
    Deposition Techniques
    Fabrication of Nanowires - Different Technologies
    Future Trends
    References

     
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