Nanomanufacturing Handbook

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Features

  • Takes a critical, no-holds-barred look at the current state of nanotechnology and the barriers to commercialization
  • Surveys cutting-edge research into technologies for enabling industrial-scale fabrication, reliability, and integration
  • Outlines various fabrication tools and technologies, including high-resolution molded rubber stamps, nanoimprinting lithography, and patterned electrospraying
  • Includes abundant references to the current literature
  • Addresses reliability, intellectual property, regulatory, and societal issues associated with commercialization
  • Summary

    Breakthroughs in nanotechnology have been coming at a rapid pace over the past few years. This was fueled by significant worldwide investments by governments and industry. But if these promising young technologies cannot begin to show commercial viability soon, that funding is in danger of disappearing as investors lose their appetites and the economic and scientific promise of nanotechnology may not be realized. Scrutinizing the barriers to commercial scale-up of nanotechnologies, the Nanomanufacturing Handbook presents a broad survey of the research being done to bring nanotechnology out of the laboratory and into the factory.

    Current research into nanotechnology focuses on the underlying science, but as this forward-looking handbook points out, the immediate need is for research into scale-up, process robustness, and system integration issues. Taking that message to heart, this book collects cutting-edge research from top experts who examine such topics as surface-programmed assembly, fabrication and applications of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) including nanoelectronics, manufacturing nanoelectrical contacts, room-temperature nanoimprint and nanocontact technologies, nanocontacts and switch reliability, defects and surface preparation, and other innovative, application-driven initiatives. In addition to these technical issues, the author provides a survey of the current state of nanomanufacturing in the United States—the first of its kind—and coverage also reaches into patenting nanotechnologies as well as regulatory and societal issues.

    With timely, authoritative coverage accompanied by numerous illustrations, the Nanomanufacturing Handbook clarifies the current challenges facing industrial-scale nanotechnologies and outlines advanced tools and strategies that will help overcome them.

    Table of Contents

    Introduction to Nanomanufacturing; Ahmed Busnaina and Manish Mehta
    Nanomanufacturing Challenges
    Top-Down Approach
    Bottom-Up Approach
    Combined Top-Down and Bottom-Up Nanomanufacturing Approaches
    Registration and Alignment
    Reliability and Defect Control
    Nanomanufacturing Industry Survey
    Recommended National Priorities for the Near Term
    Strategic U.S. Industry Indicators
    Acknowledgement
    References
    Surface-Programmed Assembly for Nanomanufacturing; Seunghun Hong, Sung Young Park, Juwan Kang, Tae–Kyeong Kim, Juntae Koh, Kwang Heo, Kyung-Eun Byun, Dong Joon Lee, and Seon Namgung
    Introduction
    Large-Scale “Surface-Programmed Assembly”
    Conclusions
    Acknowledgements
    References
    Fabrication and Applications of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube (SWNT) Fabrics; Darren K. Brock, Jonathan W. Ward, Claude Bertin, Brent M. Segal, and Thomas Rueckes
    Introduction
    Fabrication of SWNT Fabrics
    Applications of SWNT Fabrics
    Conclusion
    Acknowledgements
    References
    Controlled Synthesis of Carbon Nanotubes Using Chemical Vapor Deposition Methods; Yung Joon Jung
    Introduction
    Carbon Nanotube Synthesis
    Building Organized MWNT Architectures
    Mechanism of Substrate Site Selectivity of Carbon Nanotubes
    Building Controlled SWNT Networks on a Large Scale
    Fabrication of Hierarchically Branched Carbon Nanotubes Using Controlled Nanochannels in Templates
    Acknowledgements
    References
    Reconfigurable CMOS Electronic Microarray System for the Assisted Self-Assembly of Higher-Order Nanostructures; Dietrich Dehlinger, Benjamin Sullivan, Sadik Esener, Paul Swanson, Dalibor Hodko, and Michael J. Heller
    Introduction
    CMOS Electronic Microarrays and Controller Systems
    Transport and Addressing of Molecules, Nanostructures, and Microstructures
    Fabrication of Multiple-Layered Nanoparticle Structures Using CMOS Microarrays
    Strategy for Assisted Self-Assembly and Hierarchical Organization
    Conclusions and Future Goals
    References
    Manufacturing Electrical Contacts to Nanostructures; Loucas Tsakalakos
    Introduction
    Direct Synthesis
    Post Synthesis
    Molecular Electronics
    Quantum Dots
    Quality of Contacts
    Conclusions
    References
    Nanofabrication Techniques with High-Resolution Molded Rubber Stamps; Etienne Menard and John Rogers
    Fabricating Stamps, Molds, Conformable Photomasks, and Dry Transfer Tools
    Two- and Three-Dimensional Nanofabrication with Conformable Photomasks
    Printing of Polymers and Metal 2-D and 3-D Structures with Rubber Stamps
    Dry Transfer Printing of Inorganic Semiconductor Micro/Nanostructures and Carbon Nanotubes
    Conclusion and Future Outlook
    References
    Room-Temperature Nanoimprint and Nanocontact Technologies; Ken-ichiro Nakamatsu and Shinji Matsui
    Introduction
    Room-Temperature Nanoimprint Lithography
    Room-Temperature Nanocontact Printing
    Summary
    References
    Antistiction Layers for Nano Imprinting Lithography; Nam-Goo Cha and Jin-Goo Park
    Introduction
    Antistiction Layer for NIL
    Fabrication Methods of Antistiction Layers
    Characterizations of Antistiction Films
    Conclusions and Prospects
    Acknowledgement
    References
    Nanocontacts and Switch Reliability; George G. Adams and Nicol E. McGruer
    Introduction
    Hertz Contact
    Physical Basis of Adhesion
    Nano-Contact with Adhesion
    Elastoplastic and Plastic Contacts
    Rough Surface Nanocontacts
    Micromechanical Switches
    Recommendations for Future Research
    References
    Nanoscale Defects and Surface Preparation in Nanomanufacturing; Ahmed Busnaina and Kaveh Bakhtari
    Introduction
    Physical Removal Using Acoustic Streaming
    Experimental and Analytical
    Summary
    References
    Improved Carbon Materials for Nanomanufacturing Applications; Patrick Lemoine, John Paul Quinn, Pagona Papakonstantinou, Paul Maguire, and James McLaughlin
    Introduction
    Weakness and Strength in Carbon Materials
    Nanopatterning and Processing of Carbon Materials
    Conclusions
    Acknowledgements
    References
    Nanomanufacturing Processes Using Polymeric Materials; Carol Barry, Julie Chen, and Joey Mead
    Internal (Polymer–Polymer) Interface
    External (Polymer–Tool) Interface
    References
    Patterned Electrospray Fiber Structures; Phil Gibson and Heidi Schreuder-Gibson
    Introduction
    Background
    Approach
    Pore Size and Air Flow Resistance
    Aerosol Particle Filtration
    Strength
    Conclusions
    Acknowledgements
    References
    Patenting Nanotechnology; Rouget F. (Ric) Henschel and Stephen B. Maebius
    Introduction
    Federal Support for Nanotechnology
    Patent Basics
    Explosive Growth of Nanotechnology Patents
    Conclusion
    References
    Leaving the Laboratory: Regulatory and Societal Issues Confronting Nanotechnology Commercialization; Christopher J. Bosso, Jacqueline A. Isaacs, William D. Kay, and Ronald L. Sandler
    Questions about Capacity
    Intellectual Property
    Regulatory Frameworks and Institutions
    Complexity and Public Uncertainty
    Why This All Matters
    Other Sources
    References
    R&D Activities for Nanoscale Manufacturing Processes and Enabling Equipment in Korea; Chang-Soo Han, Jun-Hyuk Choi, Hak-Joo Lee, Jae-Jong Lee, Doo-Sun Choi, Won-Seok Chang, Jun-Ho Jeong, Eung-Sug Lee, Kyung-Hyun Whang, and Sang-Rok Lee
    Introduction
    R&D Goals of CNMM
    R&D Activities
    Conclusion
    Acknowledgements
    References
    Index

    Editorial Reviews

    ". . . provides a comprehensive overview of the techniques and problems associated with manufacturing at the nanoscale . . . provides a very comprehensive and detailed description of the state of nano manufacturing (nanofacturing) and will make a good reference for would-be molecular manufacturers." – G.C. Holt, in Nanotechnology Perceptions, March 2008, Vol. 4, No. 1