Climate Change and Managed Ecosystems

Climate Change and Managed Ecosystems

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Features

  • Discusses the impact of climate change on food and fiber production as well as the potential role of the different ecosystems in carbon source/sink relationships
  • Highlights the potential of terrestrial carbon sinks to slow the rate of CO2 buildup in the atomosphere
  • Includes a section on policy and economic issues, including the Kyoto Protocol
  • Explores the role of biodiversity, the evidence for ecosystem benefits, and whether it is worth managing for increased plant species diversity
  • Examines climate change from increased GHGs and consequent warming trends, land-use changes, and alterations in disturbance patterns, both natural and human-induced
  • Summary

    Featuring contributions from leading experts in the field, Climate Change and Managed Ecosystems examines the effects of global climate change on intensively constructed or reconstructed ecosystems, focusing on land use changes in relation to forestry, agriculture, and wetlands including peatlands. The book begins by discussing the fragility of ecosystems in the face of changing climates, particularly through human caused increases in atmospheric GHGs. The chapters delineate how and why the climate has changed and what can be expected to occur in the foreseeable future. They identify the potential adaptation responses to reduce the impacts of a changing climate.

    Using this information as a foundation, the chapter authors examine what is known about the impacts of climate on agricultural, forested, and wetland ecosystems. They illustrate the importance of these ecosystems in the global carbon cycle and discuss the potential interaction between terrestrial and atmospheric carbon pools under changing climactic conditions. The book delineates what needs to be done to ensure continued stability in these ecosystems. It includes a description of activities that have been undertaken in the past to identify gaps in understanding GHG emissions from agriculture, forests, and wetlands and their mitigation, as well as current research initiatives to address these gaps.

    The book presents an overview of how economic reasoning can be applied to climate change and illustrates how terrestrial carbon-uptake credits (offset credits) operate within the Kyoto Protocol framework. By identifying gaps in the current understanding of adaptation of mitigation strategies, the book underscores the need to make management of these ecosystems part of a global solution.

    Table of Contents

    CLIMATE CHANGE AND ECOSYSTEMS
    Interaction between Climate Change and Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Managed Ecosystems in Canada, J.S. Bhatti, M.J. Apps, and R. Lal
    The Science of Changing Climates, H. Hengeveld
    Impact of Climate Change on Agriculture, Forestry, and Wetlands, L.D. Mortsch

    MANAGED ECOSYSTEMS - STATE OF KNOWLEDGE
    Anthropogenic Changes and the Global Carbon Cycle, J.S. Bhatti, M.J. Apps, and R. Lal
    Plant/Soil Interface and Climate Change: Carbon Sequestration from the Production Perspective, G. Hoogenboom
    Carbon Dynamics in Agricultural Soils, R. Lal
    Plant Species Diversity: Management Implications for Temperate
    Pasture Production, M.A. Sanderson
    Net Ecosystem Carbon Dioxide Exchange over a Temperate, Short-Season Grassland: Transition from Cereal to Perennial Forage, V.S. Baron, D.G. Young, W.A. Dugas, P.C. Mielnick, C. La Bine, R.H. Skinner, and J. Casson
    Forests in the Global Carbon Cycle: Implications of Climate Change, M.J. Apps, P. Bernier, and J.S. Bhatti
    Peatlands: Canada's Past and Future Carbon Legacy, D.H. Vitt
    Linking Biomass Energy to Biosphere Greenhouse Gas Management, D.B. Layzell and J. Stephen
    Ruminant Contributions to Methane and Global Warming - A
    New Zealand Perspective, G.C. Waghorn and S.L. Woodward
    Strategies for Reducing Enteric Methane Emissions in Forage-Based Beef Production Systems, K.H. Ominski and K.M. Wittenberg
    Mitigating Environmental Pollution from Swine Production, A.L. Sutton, B.T. Richert, and B.C. Joern
    Diet Manipulation to Control Odor and Gas Emissions from Swine Production, O.G. Clark, S. Moehn, J.D. Price, Y. Zhang, W.C. Sauer, B. Morin, J.J. Feddes, J.J. Leonard, J.K.A. Atakora, R.T. Zijlstra, I. Edeogu, and R.O. Ball

    KNOWLEDGE GAPS AND CHALLENGES
    Identifying and Addressing Knowledge Gaps and Challenges Involving Greenhouse Gases in Agriculture Systems under Climate Change, D. Burton and J. Sauvé
    Knowledge Gaps and Challenges in Forest Ecosystems under Climate Change: A Look at the Temperate and Boreal Forests of North America, P.Y. Bernier and M.J. Apps
    Knowledge Gaps and Challenges in Wetlands under Climate Change in Canada, B.G. Warner and T. Asada

    ECONOMICS AND POLICY ISSUES
    Economics of Forest and Agricultural Carbon Sinks, G. Cornelis van Kooten

    SUMMARY AND RECOMMENDATIONS
    Impacts of Climate Change on Agriculture, Forest, and Wetland Ecosystems: Synthesis and Summary, J.M.R. Stone, J.S. Bhatti, and R. Lal
    Climate Change and Terrestrial Ecosystem Management: Knowledge Gaps and Research Needs, I.E. Bauer, M.J. Apps, J.S. Bhatti, and R. Lal

    Editorial Reviews

    "I recommend this book to scientists, professors, educators, and students of natural and agricultural sciences, especially people engaged in climate change and carbon research. Those involved in managing and applying global change science, e.g., grant program directors, natural resource and program mangers, and policymakers should find the synthesis chapters plus sections discussing mitigation and its economics particularly useful."
    -Jack A. Morgan, Journal of Environmental Quality, Vol. 35, No. 5, September-October 2006

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