Carbon Nanotubes

Carbon Nanotubes: Properties and Applications

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Features

  • Balances basic and applied nanotube science, forging a link between properties and their potential for applications
  • Reflects the recent work of leading nanotube experts, emphasizing real results rather than theory
  • Surveys up-to-date characterization, formation, and separation methods along with practical considerations
  • Explains how to integrate nanotubes with other materials and how to build them into larger systems
  • Summary

    Since their discovery more than a decade ago, carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have held scientists and engineers in captive fascination, seated on the verge of enormous breakthroughs in areas such as medicine, electronics, and materials science, to name but a few. Taking a broad look at CNTs and the tools used to study them, Carbon Nanotubes: Properties and Applications comprises the efforts of leading nanotube researchers led by Michael O’Connell, protégé of the late father of nanotechnology, Richard Smalley. Each chapter is a self-contained treatise on various aspects of CNT synthesis, characterization, modification, and applications.

    The book opens with a general introduction to the basic characteristics and the history of CNTs, followed by discussions on synthesis methods and the growth of “peapod” structures. Coverage then moves to electronic properties and band structures of single-wall nanotubes (SWNTs), magnetic properties, Raman spectroscopy of electronic and chemical behavior, and electromechanical properties and applications in NEMS (nanoelectromechanical systems). Turning to applications, the final sections of the book explore mechanical properties of SWNTs spun into fibers, sidewall functionalization in composites, and using SWNTs as tips for scanning probe microscopes.

    Taking a fresh look at this burgeoning field, Carbon Nanotubes: Properties and Applications points the way toward making CNTs commercially viable.

    Table of Contents

    The Element Carbon; Frank Hennrich, Valerie Moore, Marco Rolandi, and Mike O’Connell
    Allotropes of Carbon
    History
    Structure
    Progress of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Research toward Application
    References
    Synthesis of Carbon Nanotubes; David Mann
    Introduction
    CNT Synthesis Methods Overview
    Specifics of CVD Growth Method
    Recent Advances in SWCNT Growth Control
    Conclusion
    References
    Carbon Nanotube Peapod Materials; Satishkumar B. Chikkannanavar, Brian W. Smith, and David E. Luzzi
    Introduction and Historical Perspective
    C60@SWNT
    Beyond C60: Other Hierarchical Nanotube Materials
    Ordered Phases of Fullerenes in Larger Nanotubes
    Double-Wall Carbon Nanotubes
    Conclusions and Future Prospects
    Acknowledgments
    References
    Carbon Nanotube Electronics and Devices; Marcus Freitag
    Metallic Carbon Nanotubes
    Semiconducting Carbon Nanotubes
    Outlook and Challenges
    References
    Magnetic Properties; Junichiro Kono and Stephan Roche
    Introduction
    Theoretical Perspectives
    Experimental Results
    Acknowledgments
    References
    Raman Spectroscopy of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes: Probing Electronic and Chemical Behavior; Stephen K. Doorn, Daniel Heller, Monica Usrey, Paul Barone, and Michael S. Strano
    Introduction
    Resonance Raman Studies of Carbon Nanotubes
    Raman Characterization of Nanotube Samples and Nanotube Reactivity
    Conclusions
    References
    Electromechanical Properties and Applications of Carbon Nanotubes; Randal J. Grow
    Introduction
    Piezoresistance
    Theory of Strain-Induced Band-Gap Changes in Carbon Nanotubes
    Electrical Measurements of Strain-Induced Band-Gap Changes in Suspended Tubes
    Electrical Measurements of Strain-Induced Band-Gap Changes in Tubes on a Surface
    Conclusion of Piezoresistance of Nanotubes
    Electrostatic actuation
    Nanoelectromechanical systems
    Conclusion
    References
    Carbon Nanotube-Enabled Materials; Han Gi Chae, Jing Liu, and Satish Kumar
    Introduction
    Dispersion and Processing Issues
    Characterization of Polymer/CNT Composites
    CNT Films and Fibers
    Polymer/CNT Composite Films and Fibers
    Crystallization, Wrapping, Interaction, and Intercalation
    Concluding Remarks
    Acknowledgment
    References
    Functionalized Carbon Nanotubes in Composites; Christopher A. Dyke and James M. Tour
    Introduction
    SWNT Preparation and Characterization
    Functionalized SWNTs
    Carbon Nanotube-Modified Composites
    Conclusions
    Acknowledgments
    References
    Carbon Nanotube Tips for Scanning Probe Microscopy; C. Patrick Collier
    Carbon nanotubes as AFM probes
    Fabrication of nanotube probe tips
    AFM imaging with nanotube probes
    Applications of carbon nanotube probes
    Future directions
    Acknowledgments
    References
    Index

    Editorial Reviews

    "Recommended for those involved in CNT R&D and applications."

    – Editor, The Composites and Adhesives Newsletter, July- September 2008

     

    "This book is a great resource for those new to the field or for those who already work in one area of nanotube research and wish to learn about other areas outside their area of expertise. It has good technical depth . . . very well written, with good explanations and lots of experimental as well as theoretical results."

    – In IEEE Electrical Insulation Magazine, Jan/Feb 2008, Vol. 24, No. 1

     

    "Owing perhaps to several recurring themes that effectively connect seemingly disparate topics, this eclectic collection of minibooks fits together nicely . . . will be a valuable resource for researchers."

    –Glen P. Miller, University of New Hampshire, in Journal of the American Chemical Society, 2007, Vol. 129, No. 19