Since their discovery more than a decade ago, carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have held scientists and engineers in captive fascination, seated on the verge of enormous breakthroughs in areas such as medicine, electronics, and materials science, to name but a few. Taking a broad look at CNTs and the tools used to study them, Carbon Nanotubes: Properties and Applications comprises the efforts of leading nanotube researchers led by Michael O’Connell, protégé of the late father of nanotechnology, Richard Smalley. Each chapter is a self-contained treatise on various aspects of CNT synthesis, characterization, modification, and applications.
The book opens with a general introduction to the basic characteristics and the history of CNTs, followed by discussions on synthesis methods and the growth of “peapod” structures. Coverage then moves to electronic properties and band structures of single-wall nanotubes (SWNTs), magnetic properties, Raman spectroscopy of electronic and chemical behavior, and electromechanical properties and applications in NEMS (nanoelectromechanical systems). Turning to applications, the final sections of the book explore mechanical properties of SWNTs spun into fibers, sidewall functionalization in composites, and using SWNTs as tips for scanning probe microscopes.
Taking a fresh look at this burgeoning field, Carbon Nanotubes: Properties and Applications points the way toward making CNTs commercially viable.
The Element Carbon; Frank Hennrich, Valerie Moore, Marco Rolandi, and Mike O’Connell
Allotropes of Carbon
Progress of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Research toward Application
Synthesis of Carbon Nanotubes; David Mann
CNT Synthesis Methods Overview
Specifics of CVD Growth Method
Recent Advances in SWCNT Growth Control
Carbon Nanotube Peapod Materials; Satishkumar B. Chikkannanavar, Brian W. Smith, and David E. Luzzi
Introduction and Historical Perspective
Beyond C60: Other Hierarchical Nanotube Materials
Ordered Phases of Fullerenes in Larger Nanotubes
Double-Wall Carbon Nanotubes
Conclusions and Future Prospects
Carbon Nanotube Electronics and Devices; Marcus Freitag
Metallic Carbon Nanotubes
Semiconducting Carbon Nanotubes
Outlook and Challenges
Magnetic Properties; Junichiro Kono and Stephan Roche
Raman Spectroscopy of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes: Probing Electronic and Chemical Behavior; Stephen K. Doorn, Daniel Heller, Monica Usrey, Paul Barone, and Michael S. Strano
Resonance Raman Studies of Carbon Nanotubes
Raman Characterization of Nanotube Samples and Nanotube Reactivity
Electromechanical Properties and Applications of Carbon Nanotubes; Randal J. Grow
Theory of Strain-Induced Band-Gap Changes in Carbon Nanotubes
Electrical Measurements of Strain-Induced Band-Gap Changes in Suspended Tubes
Electrical Measurements of Strain-Induced Band-Gap Changes in Tubes on a Surface
Conclusion of Piezoresistance of Nanotubes
Carbon Nanotube-Enabled Materials; Han Gi Chae, Jing Liu, and Satish Kumar
Dispersion and Processing Issues
Characterization of Polymer/CNT Composites
CNT Films and Fibers
Polymer/CNT Composite Films and Fibers
Crystallization, Wrapping, Interaction, and Intercalation
Functionalized Carbon Nanotubes in Composites; Christopher A. Dyke and James M. Tour
SWNT Preparation and Characterization
Carbon Nanotube-Modified Composites
Carbon Nanotube Tips for Scanning Probe Microscopy; C. Patrick Collier
Carbon nanotubes as AFM probes
Fabrication of nanotube probe tips
AFM imaging with nanotube probes
Applications of carbon nanotube probes
"Recommended for those involved in CNT R&D and applications."
– Editor, The Composites and Adhesives Newsletter, July- September 2008
"This book is a great resource for those new to the field or for those who already work in one area of nanotube research and wish to learn about other areas outside their area of expertise. It has good technical depth . . . very well written, with good explanations and lots of experimental as well as theoretical results."
– In IEEE Electrical Insulation Magazine, Jan/Feb 2008, Vol. 24, No. 1
"Owing perhaps to several recurring themes that effectively connect seemingly disparate topics, this eclectic collection of minibooks fits together nicely . . . will be a valuable resource for researchers."
–Glen P. Miller, University of New Hampshire, in Journal of the American Chemical Society, 2007, Vol. 129, No. 19