Carbon Nanotubes

Carbon Nanotubes: Science and Applications

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Features

  • Covers properties, growth, processing techniques, and individual major application areas of carbon nanotubes
  • Provides comprehensive coverage with up-to-date literature citations
  • Demonstrates nanotube-based field effect transistors, field emission devices, and sensing elements
  • Includes applications for nanoelectronics, composites, chemical sensors, biosensors, microscopy, and nanoelectromechanical systems
  • Covers the entire spectrum of science and engineering disciplines with an applications focus
  • Features well-known and published contributing authors
  • Focuses on chemical vapor deposition and plasma chemical vapor deposition techniques for nanotube growth while including established techniques such as laser ablation and arc discharge
  • Summary

    Carbon nanotubes, with their extraordinary mechanical and unique electronic properties, have garnered much attention in the past five years. With a broad range of potential applications including nanoelectronics, composites, chemical sensors, biosensors, microscopy, nanoelectromechanical systems, and many more, the scientific community is more motivated than ever to move beyond basic properties and explore the real issues associated with carbon nanotube-based applications.

    Taking a comprehensive look at this diverse and dynamic subject, Carbon Nanotubes: Science and Applications describes the field's various aspects, including properties, growth, and processing techniques, while focusing on individual major application areas. Well-known authors who practice the craft of carbon nanotubes on a daily basis present an overview on structures and properties, and discuss modeling and simulation efforts, growth by arc discharge, laser ablation, and chemical vapor deposition. Applications become the focal point in chapters on scanning probe microscopy, carbon nanotube-based diodes and transistors, field emission, and the development of chemical and physical sensors, biosensors, and composites.

    Presenting up-to-date literature citations that express the current state of the science, this book fully explores the development phase of carbon nanotube-based applications. It is a valuable resource for engineers, scientists, researchers, and professionals in a wide range of disciplines whose focus remains on the power and promise of carbon nanotubes.

    Editor Meyya Meyyappan will receive the Pioneer Award in Nanotechnology from the IEEE Nanotechnology Council at the IEEE Nano Conference in Portland, Oregon in August, 2011

    Table of Contents

    STRUCTURES AND PROPERTIES OF CARBON NANOTUBES, Jie Han
    Bonding of Carbon Atoms
    Defect-Free Nanotube
    Defective Nanotubes
    Electrical Properties
    Optical and Optoelectronic Properties
    Mechanical and Electromechanical Properties
    Magnetic and Electromagnetic Properties
    Chemical and Electrochemical Properties
    Thermal and Thermoelectric Properties
    COMPUTATIONAL NANOTECHNOLOGY OF CARBON NANOTUBES, Deepak Srivastava
    Multiscale Simulation Techniques for Computational Nanotechnology
    Structure and Symmetry
    Nanomechanics and Thermal Properties
    Chemical Functionalization, Physisorption, and Diffusion in Carbon Nanotubes
    Nanoelectronics and Sensors
    Summary and Outlook
    GROWTH OF CARBON NANOTUBES BY ARC DISCHARGE AND LASER ABLATION, Alexander P. Moravsky, Eugene M. Wexler, and Raouf O. Loutfy
    Arc Discharge Production of MWNTs
    MWNT Production by Laser Ablation of Graphite
    Arc Discharge Production of SWNTs
    Arc Discharge Production of DWNTs
    SWNT Production by Laser Ablation of Carbon-Metal Target
    Conclusions
    GROWTH: CVD AND PECVD, M. Meyyappan
    Growth Apparatus
    Catalyst Preparation
    Growth Results
    Growth Mechanisms
    Modeling and Diagnostics
    Challenges and Future Directions
    CHARACTERIZATION TECHNIQUES IN CARBON NANOTUBE RESEARCH, K. McGuire and A.M. Rao
    Electron Microscopy
    Atomic Force and Scanning Tunneling Microscopy
    Properties Characterization
    Electrical Conductivity Measurements
    Thermoelectric Measurements
    Raman Spectroscopy
    X-Ray Diffraction
    Summary
    APPLICATIONS IN SCANNING PROBE MICROSCOPY, Cattien V. Nguyen
    Development of the Atomic Force Microscope and the Role of the Scanning Probe
    Mechanical Properties of Carbon Nanotubes in the Context of SPM Applications
    Fabrication of Carbon Nanotube Scanning Probes
    Applications of Carbon Nanotube Probes
    Summary
    NANOELECTRONICS APPLICATIONS, Toshishige Yamada
    Carrier Characterization
    Doping Methods
    SWNT FETs
    Intermolecular Metal-Semiconductor SWNT Heterojunctions
    SWNT pn Junction as Esaki Diode
    Single-Electron Tunneling Devices Using SWNTs
    Other Semiconducting SWNT Devices
    Transport in Metallic SWNTs
    General Remarks on NanoFETs
    FIELD EMISSION, Philippe Sarrazin
    Structure and Microstructure of CNT Emitters
    Applications of CNT Emitters
    Conclusions
    CARBON NANOTUBE APPLICATIONS: CHEMICAL AND PHYSICAL SENSORS, Jing Li
    Carbon Nanotube Chemical Sensors
    Carbon Nanotube Physical Sensors and Actuators
    Summary and Outlook
    APPLICATIONS: BIOSENSORS, Jun Li
    Fabrication of Carbon Nanotube Biosensors
    Biosensing Applications
    Summary and Future Directions
    APPLICATIONS: COMPOSITES, E.V. Barrera, M.L. Shofner, and E.L. Corral
    Nanotube Superiority
    Polymer Nanocomposites
    Nanotube-Metal Composites
    Ceramic Matrix Composites
    Summary and Outlook
    OTHER APPLICATIONS, M. Meyyappan
    Applications in Integrated Circuit Manufacturing
    Catalyst Support and Absorbents
    Storage/Intercalation of Metals
    Membranes and Separation

    Editorial Reviews

    "The book is written in a readable and understandable format and is recommended for those researchers looking to utilize these unique materials for specific applications."
    -Micro/Nano, August 2005

    "There are many sketches that help the reader visualize the descriptions of the structures. …Anyone starting out in this area will find this book to be an excellent reference book."
    IEEE Electrical Insulation Magazine, Vol. 22, No. 1, 2006

    "The book is expected to make an immediate impact in this interdisciplinary field. …All the chapters provide sound and comprehensive discussions of the physical properties of this form of carbon."
    -Angewandte Chemie, Vol. 45, No. 5, Jan. 2006

     
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