With all of the environmental and social problems confronting our food systems today, it is apparent that none of the strategies we have relied on in the past?higher-yielding varieties, increased irrigation, inorganic fertilizers, pest damage reduction?can be counted on to come to the rescue. In fact, these solutions are now part of the problem. It is becoming quite clear that the only way to keep the food crisis from escalating is to promote the conversion processes that will move agriculture to sustainability.
Under the editorial guidance of agroecology experts Martha Rosemeyer and the internationally renowned Dr. Stephen R. Gliessman, The Conversion to Sustainable Agriculture: Principles, Processes, and Practices establishes a framework for how this conversion can be accomplished and presents case studies from around the world that illustrate how the process is already underway. The book provides a four-stage transition process for achieving sustainability and an in-depth analysis of the global efforts to make farms more energy-efficient and environmentally friendly.
An international team of chapter contributors explores ways to lessen dependency on fossil fuels and pesticides, and examines each step in the conversion process. They also describe the process of monitoring change toward sustainable agriculture while integrating social and economic analysis within scientific practices. Serving as both a core textbook for students and a comprehensive reference for agricultural practitioners, this volume is a valuable resource for the change that is needed in our food system now and in the future.
The Framework for Conversion
Stephen R. Gliessman
What Do We Know about the Conversion Process? Yields, Economics, Ecological Processes, and Social Issues
Martha E. Rosemeyer
The History of Organic Agriculture
Rachael J. Jamison and John H. Perkins
Northern Midwest (U.S.): Farmers’ Views of the Conversion Process
Paul Porter, Lori Scott, and Steve Simmons
Pacific Northwest (U.S.): Diverse Movements toward Sustainability Amid a Variety of Challenges
Carol Miles, David Granatstein, David Huggins, Steve Jones, and James Myers
California (U.S.): The Conversion of Strawberry Production
Stephen R. Gliessman and Joji Muramoto
Ontario, Canada: Lessons in Sustainability from Organic Farmers
E. Ann Clark and Jennifer Sumner
Mexico: Perspectives on Organic Production
María del Rocío Romero Lima
Mexico: Traditional Agriculture as a Foundation for Sustainability
Alba González Jácome
Cuba: A National-Level Experiment in Conversion
Fernando R. Funes-Monzote
The European Union: Key Roles for Institutional Support and Economic Factors
Gloria I. Guzmán and Antonio M. Alonso
Japan: Finding Opportunities in the Current Crisis
Joji Muramoto, Kazumasa Hidaka, and Takuya Mineta
The Middle East: Adapting Food Production to Local Biophysical Realities
Australia: Farmers Responding to the Need for Conversion
David Dumaresq and Saan Ecker
THE WAY FORWARD
Transforming the Global Food System
Stephen R. Gliessman
Stephen R. Gliessman, University of California, Santa Cruz, USA
Martha Rosemeyer, Evergreen State College, Olympia, Washington, USA
Framed by an awareness of the long-term destructiveness of established food system trends, it remains a hopeful book, with a focus on emerging alternatives. Twenty-five contributors present broad overviews and critical case studies of burgeoning sustainable agriculture movements on five continents, but North America gets the most attention, with excellent chapters on Cuba; Mexico; Ontario, Canada; and three regions of the US. The fascinating history of organic agriculture is presented as a case of a socio-environmental movement that risks diverging from sustainability as it grows and industrializes. Nonetheless, "organic" serves as a convenient proxy for "sustainable" through much of the book. This is a readable and information-packed volume, accessible to undergraduate students but rewarding to advanced students and sustainable agriculture professionals. Summing Up: Highly recommended. All collections.
–M. K. Bamford, Kentucky State University. CHOICE. JULY 2010, VOL 47, No 11
Refreshingly, the book acknowledges the difficulties of both researching and putting into practice changes at the whole system level as opposed to alterations in individual farming practices. Of particular value is the discussion of what motivates practitioners to alter their agricultural systems; this goes beyond the usual discussion of finance and markets to address issues such as family values and community development. ...This book will interest students and practitioners of organic agriculture but will also be of value to a much wider community concerned with reducing the dependence of agriculture on fossil fuels and the challenges of reconnecting agriculture and consumers.
--Christine A. Watson, The Journal of Experimental Agriculture, 2010.