Nanoengineering of Structural, Functional and Smart Materials

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  • Compiles cutting edge research for the synthesis, modeling, simulation, performance evaluation, and characterization of nanoscale materials
  • Explores novel nanotechnology and nanoengineering applications in the development of advanced structural, electronic, biosensor. and other types of materials
  • Provides background on barrier problems and ways to produce high-return nanotechnology
  • Addresses fundamental areas considered critical to combining nanoscale materials and chemical and evolutionary processes found in nature
  • Highlights the development of commercial applications in composite materials, electronics, biosensing, and smart materials
  • Includes exercises at the end of each chapter, as well as a solutions manual for those wishing to adapt the book as a classroom resource
  • Summary

    In chapters contributed by 24 university & government laboratories, Nanoengineering of Structural, Functional, and Smart Materials combines wide-ranging research aimed at the development of multifunctional materials that are strong, lightweight, and versatile. This book explores promising and diverse approaches to the design of nanoscale materials and presents concepts that integrate mechanical, electrical, electrochemical, polarization, optical, thermal, and biomimetic functions with nanoscale materials to support the development of polymer composites, thin films, fibers, pultruded materials, and smart materials having a superior combination of properties.

    Interrelating the many different aspects of nanoscience vital to developing new material systems, this book is organized into three parts that cover the major areas of focus: synthesis, manufacturing techniques, and modeling. The book defines functional materials and discusses techniques designed to improve material properties, durability, multifunctionality, and adaptability. It also examines sensors and actuators fabricated from nanostructured microdevices for structural health and performance monitoring. Shifting its focus to nanomechanics and the modeling of nanoscale particles, the book discusses vibration properties, thin films, and pulse laser deposition, low cost manufacturing of ceramic composites, hybrid nanocomposites, and various types of nanotubes. The book combines atomistic modeling with molecular dynamics simulations to clarify design considerations and discusses coupling between atomistic models and classical continuum mechanics models. The authors also advocate the current and potential development of commercial applications, such as nanocoatings to create “artificial skin” and functionalized nanotubes used to enhance the properties of composite materials.

    Nanoengineering of Structural, Functional, and Smart Materials provides an overview of current trends and cutting-edge research in the area of nanoengineered materials. It offers new directions for the production of functionally tailored materials that can self-monitor their health and provide enduring performance.

    Table of Contents

    Introduction to Nanoengineering, J.F. Maguire and D.B. Mast
    Thermodynamic and Statistical Foundations of Small Systems
    Boundaries for Nanoscience and Technology
    Some Final Thoughts


    Design of Nanostructured Materials, D. Banerjee, J. Lao, and Z. Ren

    Motivation, Background and Strategies
    Experimental Set-up
    Results and Discussion
    Large Quantity Nanostructures
    Concluding Remarks
    Problems, and References
    Carbon Nanotubes and Bismuth Nanowires, M.S. Dresselhaus, A. Jorio, and O. Rabin
    Carbon Nanotubes
    Bismuth Nanowires

    Nanobelts and Nanowires of Functional Oxides, X. Wang and Z.L. Wang

    The Nanobelt: What is it?
    Techniques for Growing Nanobelts/Nanowires
    Growth Mechanisms
    The Nanobelt Family
    Ultra-narrow ZnO Nanobelts
    Mesoporous ZnO Nanowires
    Patterned Growth of Aligned ZnO Nanowires
    Selected Applications of Nanobelts
    Problems, Acknowledgment, and References
    Advances in Chemical Vapor Deposition of Carbon Nanotubes, V.N. Shanov, A. Miskin, S. Jain, P. He, and M.J. Schulz
    CVD Technique for Growth of CNT
    The CVD Growth System
    Catalyst and Substrate Preparation
    Growth of CNT
    Purification of As-Grown CNT
    Characterization of CNT
    Advanced Topics and Future Directions for CVD of CNT
    Problems, Acknowledgment, References
    Self-assembled Au Nanodots in a ZnO Matrix: A Novel Way to Enhance Electrical and Optical Characteristics of ZnO Films, A. Tiwari and J. Narayan
    Experimental Procedure
    Results and Discussion
    Problems, Acknowledgment, References
    Synthesis of Boron Nitride Nanotubes Using a Ball-Milling and Annealing
    Method, Y. Chen and J.S. Williams
    Boron Nitride Nanotubes
    High-Energy Ball Milling Technique
    Synthesis of BN nanotubes from Elemental B
    Synthesis of BN Nanotubes from BN Compounds
    Formation Mechanism Discussion
    Problems, Acknowledgment, References
    Plasma Deposition of Ultra-Thin Functional Films on Nanoscale
    Materials, P. He and D. Shi
    The Plasma Coating Technique
    Applications and Characterization
    Processing and Characterization of Nanocomposite Materials
    Problems, References
    Structural Nanocomposites, H. Mahfuz
    Matrix Modification
    Nanophased Filaments
    Core Modification
    Problems, References
    Synthesis and Characterization of Metal-Ceramic Thin-Film Nanocomposites with Improved Mechanical Properties, D. Kumar, J. Sankar, and J. Narayan               
    Theory of Pulsed Laser Deposition
    Experimental Procedure
    Results and Discussion
    Problems, Acknowledgment, References
    Macroscopic Fibers of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes, V.A. Davis and M. Pasquali
    Fibers Produced Directly from SWNT Synthesis
    Electrophoretic Spinning
     “Conventional” Fiber Spinning
    Problems, Acknowledgment, References
    Carbon Nanofiber and Carbon Nanotube Polymer/Composite Fibers and Films, H.G. Chae and S. Kumar
    Vapor Grown Carbon Nanofiber and Polymer Composite Films
    Carbon Nanotube Polymer Composite Fibers
    Aspects of Carbon Nanotube Polymer Composites
    Polymer Single Wall Carbon Nanotube Applications
    Concluding Remarks
    Problems, Acknowledgment, References
    Surface Patterning Using Self-Assembled Monolayers: A Bottom-Up Approach to the Fabrication of Microdevices, L. Supriya and R.O. Claus
    Experimental Procedure
    Results and Discussion
    Conclusions and Applications
    Problems, Acknowledgment, References
    Enhancement of the Mechanical Strength of Polymer-Based Composites Using Carbon Nanotubes, K.-T.Lau, J. Sankar and D. Hui
    Properties of Carbon Nanotubes
    Fabrication Processes of Nanotube/Polymer Composites
    Interfacial Bonding Properties of Nanotube/Polymer Composites
    Concluding Remarks
    Problems, Acknowledgment, References
    Nanoscale Intelligent Materials and Structures, Y.Y. Heung, I. Kang, S. Jain, A. Miskin, S. Narasimhadevara, G. Kirkeria, V. Shinde, S. Pammi, S. Datta, P. He, D. Hurd, M.J. Schulz, V.N. Shanov, D. Shi, F.J. Boerio, and M.J. Sundaresan
    A Review of Smart Materials
    Nanotube Geometric Structure
    Physical Properties of Nanotubes
    Manufacturing of Nanoscale Hybrid Materials
    Design of Nanotube Sensors and Actuators
    Intelligent Machines for Manufacturing, Self-Repair, and Demanufacturing
    Problems, Acknowledgment, References
    Thermal Properties and Microstructures of Polymer Nanostructured Materials, J.H. Koo and L.A. Pilato
    Selection of Nanoparticles
    Discussion of Results
    Summary and Conclusions
    Problems, Acknowledgment, References
    Manufacturing, Mechanical Characterization, and Modeling of a Pultruded Thermoplastic Nanocomposite, S. Roy, K. Vengadassalam, F. Hussain, and H. Lu
    Experimental Procedure
    Nanocomposite Morphology
    Results and Discussion of Test Data
    Mechanical Properties Characterization
    Summary and Conclusions
    Problems, Acknowledgment, References
    Nanomechanics, Y.W. Kwon
    Static Atomic Model
    Coupling Atomic and FEA Models
    Fatigue Analysis at the Atomic Level
    Heterogeneous Carbon Nanotubes
    Problems, Acknowledgment, References
    Continuum and Atomistic Modeling of Thin Films Subjected to Nanoindentation, J.D. Schall, D.W. Brenner, A.D. Kelkar, and R. Gupta
    Modeling of Nanoindentation
    Molecular Dynamics Simulation of Nanoindentation
    Conclusions, Problems, References
    Synthesis, Optimization and Characterization of AlN-TiN Thin Film Heterostructures, C.Waters, S.Yarmolenko, J.Sankar, S. Neralla, and A.D. Kelkar
    Pulsed Laser Deposition
    Characterization of Thin Films
    Performance Evaluation of Thin Films
    Optimization of Results
    Problems, Acknowledgment, References
    Polarization in Nanotubes and Nanotubular Structures, M. B. Nardelli, S. M. Nakhmanson, and V. Meunier
    Modern Theory of Polarization
    Computational Details
    Polarization in Nanotubes
    Piezoelectricity in Nanotubes
    Polarization Effects in Nanotubular Structures
    Conclusions and Future Perspectives
    Problems, Acknowledgment, References
    Multiscale Modeling of Stress Localization and Fracture in Nanocrystalline Metallic Materials, V. Yamakov, D.R. Phillips, E. Saether, and E.H. Glaessgen
    The Configuration Model
    The Molecular Dynamics Model
    Shear Strength of a Grain Boundary
    FEM Simulation
    Results and Discussion
    Concluding Remarks
    Problems, Acknowledgment, References

    Modeling of Carbon Nanotube/Polymer Composites, G.M. Odegard

    Carbon Nanotube/Polymer Interface
    Molecular Models
    Example: SWNT/ Polyimide Composite
    Example: SWNT/Polyethylene Composite
    Summary and Conclusions
    Problems and References
    An Introduction to Nanoscale, Microscale, and Macroscale Heat Transport: Characterization and Bridging of Space and Time Scales, C. Anderson and K.K. Tamma
    Spatial and Temporal Regimes in Heat Conduction
    Considerations in time heat conduction
    Considerations in size heat conduction
    Boltzmann Transport Equation
    Two Temperature Models
    Relaxation Time
    Numerical Illustration-Two Temperature Model and Pulse Laser Heating
    Numerical Illustration -One Temperature Model and Heat Conduction Model Number
    Multilayers and Superlattices
    The Equation of Phonon Radiative Transfer (EPRT)
    Callaway/Holland's Model
    Molecular Dynamics
    Concluding Remarks
    Problems, Acknowledgment, References