Composite Materials

Composite Materials: Engineering and Science

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$95.95 $76.76
ISBN 9780849302510
Cat# WP0621
 
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Features

  • Provides a comprehensive introduction to composite materials-the underlying science, the engineering applications, and the production
  • Supplies a multitude of worked examples and exercises
  • Focuses on the most widely-used composites-those with polymer matrices and with fibrous reinforcement-but also addresses metal and ceramic matrix systems
  • Addresses non-destructive evaluation in detail
  • Details methods for calculating stiffness and strength
  • Summary

    As composite materials gain increasing prominence in engineering applications, it becomes essential for designers and engineers to have a thorough grounding in the various material forms, their production, their benefits, and their limitations. Composite Materials: Engineering and Science helps build the groundwork needed to begin incorporating these remarkable materials-with high strength and stiffness yet low weight-into projects, and effectively exploit their advantages.
    The authors, acknowledged experts in the composites community, set forth the underlying science and engineering applications of composite materials. The text discusses the different forms of reinforcement and matrix and their interaction. Although it focuses on the most widely used composites-polymer matrices and fibrous reinforcement-it also addresses metal and ceramic matrix systems. A substantial portion of the text deals with methods for calculating stiffness and strength, and the authors provide worked examples and representative data. The final chapters address the various aspects of mechanical behavior, including toughness, fatigue, impact resistance, and the properties of joints-including toughening mechanisms and repair. The book concludes with a presentation of non-destructive testing methods.
    The use and development of composites for engineering purposes will undoubtedly continue to grow, in both applications and importance. Now is the time for engineering professionals to make sure they are not left behind. With its numerous examples and self-assessment questions, Composite Materials: Engineering and Science makes the ideal text for designers and engineers new to the world of composites.

    Table of Contents

    Overview
    Introduction
    Definitions and Classification
    Natural composites
    More about the Matrix and Reinforcement
    Factors which Determine Properties
    The Benefits of Composites
    Summary
    Reinforcements and Reinforcement Matrix Interface
    Introduction
    Natural Fibres
    Introduction to Synthetic Fibres
    Synthetic Organic Fibres
    Synthetic Inorganic Fibres
    Particulate and Whisker Reinforcements
    Reinforcement Matrix Interface
    Summary
    Composites with Metallic Matrices
    Introduction
    Metal Matrix Composite Processing
    Interface Reactions
    Properties of MMCs
    Some Commercial MMCs
    Summary
    Ceramic Matrix Composites
    Introduction
    Processing and Structure of Monolithic Materials
    Processing of CMCs
    Detailed Review of Selected CMCs
    Summary
    Polymer Matrix Composites
    Introduction
    Polymer Matrices
    Processing of PMCs
    Some Commercial PMCs
    Summary
    Stiffness, Strength, and Related Topics
    Introduction
    Loads and Deformations
    Stress and Strain
    Stress Strain Relations
    Bending of Plates
    Isotropic Materials
    Principal Stress and Strain
    Thin-walled cylinders and Spheres
    Failure Criteria
    Summary
    Stiffness of Unidirectional Composites and Laminates
    Introduction
    Basic Stress Strain Relations
    Off-Axis Loading of a Unidirectional Composite
    Stiffness of Laminates
    The A, B, and D Matrices
    Using the Laminate Constitutive Equations
    Summary
    Micromechanics of Unidirectional Composites
    Macromechanics and Micromechanics
    Micromechanics Models for Stiffness
    Micromechanics Models for Strength
    Thermal and Moisture Effects
    Summary
    Strength of Unidirectional Composites and Laminates
    Introduction
    Strength of a Lamina
    Strength of a Laminate
    Additional Factors
    Summary
    Short Fibre Composites
    Introduction
    Reasons for Using Short Fibre Composites
    Fibre Length
    Fibre Orientation
    Stress and Strain Distribution at Fibres
    Critical Fibre Length and Average Fibre Stress
    Stiffness and Strength
    Summary
    Fracture Mechanics and Toughening Mechanisms
    Introduction
    Energy Analysis
    Local Stresses
    Other Parameters
    Fracture Initiation
    Impact
    Slow Crack Growth and Crack Opening Modes
    Toughening Mechanisms
    Summary
    Impact Resistance
    Introduction
    Impact Testing
    Impact Damage
    Residual Strength
    Epoxy and Thermoplastic Matrices
    Summary
    Fatigue and Environmental Effects
    Introduction
    Test Methods
    Unidirectional Composites
    Multidirectional laminated Composites
    Frequency Effects
    Edge Effects and Stress Concentrators
    Compressive Loading
    Fabric Based Composites
    Hybrid Composites
    Moisture Absorption and its Effects on Properties
    Other Environments
    Combined Fatigue and Environmental Effects
    Summary
    Joining
    Introduction
    Mechanically Fastened Joints
    Bonded Joints
    Repair
    Summary
    Non-Destructive Testing
    Introduction
    Ultrasonic Inspection
    Radiography
    Vibration Methods
    Thermal Methods
    Acoustic Emission
    Summary
    Appendix
    Matrices and Determinants
    Determinants
    Properties of Matrices
    Index

     
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